Bangladesh describes Rohingya genocide

UNITED NATIONS — Bangladeshi President Sheikh Hasina on Thursday accused Myanmar of failing to honor a verbal commitment to take back Rohingya Muslims who have fled a crackdown she described as tantamount to genocide.
Hasina’s remarks at the annual gathering of world leaders at the United Nations came as the U.N. Human Rights Council agreed to set up a team to collect evidence of alleged crimes that one day could be used to prosecute suspected perpetrators.
U.N.-backed investigators have already said the reported atrocities could amount to genocide and other war crimes. Myanmar, which barred the investigators from the country, has rejected that reporting as “replete with unverified information.”
“We are appalled by what we have seen in U.N. reports about atrocities against the Rohingya who have now taken shelter in Bangladesh, which are tantamount to genocide and crimes against humanity,” Hasina told the General Assembly.
She appealed for more international support for the 1.1 million Rohingya refugees now sheltering in Bangladesh, and urged an “early, peaceful solution” to the crisis. Most have arrived since August 2017 when attacks by Rohingya militants on Myanmar security forces triggered a massive retaliation that prompted a massive cross-border exodus of civilians.
“Despite their verbal commitment to take back the Rohingya, in reality the Myanmar authorities are yet to accept them back,” Hasina said.
International pressure is mounting on Myanmar, which is to address the General Assembly on Friday. The Organization of Islamic Cooperation on Thursday hosted a ministerial-level meeting on the sidelines of the assembly to address the plight of the Rohingya, following another hosted by Britain earlier in the week. Both were conducted behind closed doors.
Also, a U.S. government investigation released Monday concluded that the Myanmar military had targeted Rohingya civilians indiscriminately and often with “extreme brutality” in a coordinated campaign to drive the minority Muslims out of the country.
The report provided statistical analysis. It said most of those interviewed had witnessed a killing, and half had witnessed sexual violence, and the military was identified as the perpetrator in 84 percent of the killings or injuries they witnessed.
Human rights groups criticized the Trump administration for not describing the crackdown as “genocide.” The U.S. has characterized the gross abuses as “ethnic cleansing,” which is not a criminal definition.
Deputy Secretary of State John Sullivan told reporters Thursday that the investigation, based on interviews with more than 1,000 Rohingya refugees, was intended as a forensic description and not to make legal judgments.
But he added that the U.S. is working toward accountability for those responsible, and on “characterizing it as a crime against humanity or a genocide.”

Source : http://www.newspressnow.com/news/nation_and_world/bangladesh-describes-rohingya-genocide/article_e3ce82ca-5fcf-5cdd-a5e7-a0679b1079b7.html

Exclusive: EU considers trade sanctions on Myanmar over Rohingya crisis

BRUSSELS (Reuters) – The European Union is considering trade sanctions on Myanmar over the Rohingya crisis, potentially stripping the country of tariff-free access to the world’s largest trading bloc, three EU officials said.
The sanctions, under discussion at the European Commission, would include Myanmar’s lucrative textile industry and potentially put at risk thousands of jobs there but would not come into effect immediately, giving the EU leverage to stop what the West says is ethnic cleansing of Muslim Rohingya.
Even by triggering a six-month review process on whether to impose trade sanctions, which could be reversed if Myanmar met humanitarian and democratic targets, the bloc would mark a significant shift in policy.
The impetus for the move was a U.N. report in August, which accused Myanmar’s military of carrying out killings of Rohingya with “genocidal intent”. That, and the rare U.S. step of putting sanctions on two entire military units, have put an onus on the European Union to act, officials said.
“We are concerned about the impact on the population from our potential measures, but we cannot ignore a U.N. report describing the military campaign as genocide,” said one EU official of the debate within the European Commission, the EU executive responsible for the bloc’s trade policy.
Until now, the EU has imposed travel bans and asset freezes on several members of the Myanmar military, but has shied away from slapping sanctions on Myanmar’s commander-in-chief, Senior General Min Aung Hlaing, who the United Nations said should be prosecuted along with five others for genocide and crimes against humanity.
Myanmar has rejected the U.N. findings as “one-sided”. It says military action which followed militant attacks on security forces in August last year was a legitimate counterinsurgency operation.
Myanmar government spokesman Zaw Htay did not answer telephone calls seeking comment on the possible EU move on Wednesday. He said last month he would no longer speak to the media over the phone, only at a biweekly conference.
EU officials believe the formal threat of losing tariff-free access would quickly hit foreign investment in the apparel industry, where European manufacturers take advantage of relatively low labor costs in Myanmar.

“Removing this duty-free access is a measure of last resort, but we must act if other measures are not delivering,” said one EU official involved in the discussions.
“In light of the deteriorating situation on the ground, the Commission is currently assessing possible ways of escalating its political and economic response,” a Commission source said.
European firms sourcing apparel from Myanmar include retailers Adidas, C&A, H&M, Inditex, Next and Primark.
Rights groups say the targeted EU sanctions so far have not forced the military or civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi to protect civilians, resettle refugees or stop attacks on press freedoms that have included the imprisonment of two Reuters reporters for breaching a law on state secrets.
The European Parliament last month called for the Commission to review Myanmar’s trade preferences.
Within the Commission there are differences, with the EU Trade Chief Cecilia Malmstrom leaning toward starting the process of imposing trade sanctions while the EU’s top diplomat Federica Mogherini is more cautious because of EU policy to avoid economic sanctions that can hurt ordinary citizens, the officials said.
Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker has yet to take a position, they said. A Commission spokesman declined to comment.
Myanmar’s exports to the European Union were worth 1.56 billion euros ($1.81 billion) in 2017, nearly 10 times their value in 2012, after which the bloc gave Myanmar “Everything But Arms” trade status.
That status means it can sell any goods tariff-free to the bloc, except weapons. The EU is Myanmar’s sixth-largest trading partner and an important source of foreign direct investment.
Myanmar’s clothing industry is its top export earner after oil and gas, generating more than $2 billion in exports and 450,000 jobs last year, according to industry association MGMA.
Trade sanctions would end an economic opening granted to support Myanmar’s transition to democracy after Suu Kyi emerged from 15 years of house arrest under military rule and led her party to take both the parliament and the presidency.
One more limited option for the EU could be to exempt textiles, an official said, but given the size of the sector, that would significantly reduce the impact of EU sanctions. Clothing and footwear are worth more than three-quarters of Myanmar’s exports to the bloc.
Both the United States and the European Union want to spur economic development to underpin democracy and diminish China’s influence. Crushing the economy with trade sanctions could allow China to dominate Myanmar, officials said.
Washington imposed sanctions on four military and police commanders and two army units in August. New sanctions are under consideration for half a dozen other individuals and at least two military-run businesses, U.S. officials have said.
A U.S. State Department report released last week accused Myanmar’s military of waging a “well-planned and coordinated” campaign of mass killings, gang rapes and other atrocities against the Rohingya, but stopped short of calling it genocide or crimes against humanity.
Senior State Department officials told Reuters, however, that those findings could be used to justify further targeted U.S. sanctions or other punitive measures.
There appears to be little U.S. appetite, though, for re-imposing broad economic sanctions lifted by former President Barack Obama as the country shifted from decades of direct military rule toward a democratic transition.
Some European companies have already cut business with Myanmar, with Cartier stopping purchasing gemstones from the country on Dec. 8, 2017, citing abuses against the Rohingyas.

(Additional reporting by Alastair Macdonald, Gabriela Baczynska in Brussels and Antoni Slodkowski in Yangon and Matt Spetalnick in Washington; Editing by Giles Elgood)

Source : https://mobile.reuters.com/article/amp/idUSKCN1MD28E?__twitter_impression=true

ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာအေရး အိႏၵိယ အကူညီေပးဖို႔ Guterres ပန္ၾကား

ကုလသမဂၢအတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္ Antonio Guterres


ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာ အၾကပ္အတည္းေျဖရွင္းေရး အိႏၵိယအေနနဲ႕ ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ကို ၀ိုင္း၀န္းကူညီပံ့ပိုးဖို႔ ကုလသမဂၢအတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္ Antonio Guterres က သူရဲ႕ အိႏၵိယ ခရီးစဥ္အတြင္း ေျပာၾကားခဲ့ပါတယ္။
ေဒသတြင္း ခဲြျခားဆက္ဆံခံေနရတဲ့ လူမႈအသိုင္းအ၀ိုင္းရွိေနျခင္းအားျဖင့္ အၾကမ္းဖက္သမားေတြကို ဖိတ္ေခၚရာေရာက္ေနတယ္လို႕လည္း အဂၤါေန႕က နယူးေဒလီမွာျပဳလုပ္တဲ့ ကမၻာလံုးဆိုင္ရာ စိန္ေခၚမႈေတြအေၾကာင္း ေဟာေျပာပဲြမွာ Antonio Guterres က သတိေပး ေျပာဆိုခဲ့ပါတယ္။
မအင္ၾကင္းႏိုင္က အျပည့္အစံုကို ဆက္လက္တင္ျပမွာပါ။
အဂၤါေန႔က နယူးေဒလီၿမိဳ႕ေတာ္ the India Habitat Center မွာ Global Challenges, Global Solutions ဆိုတဲ့ ကမၻာလံုးဆိုင္ရာ စိန္ေခၚမႈနဲ႕ ေျဖရွင္းမႈေခါင္းစဥ္နဲ႕ ကုလအတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္ရဲ႕ အိႏၵိယ လူငယ္ထုနဲ႔ ေတြ႕ဆံုေဟာေျပာပဲြမွာ ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာဒုကၡသည္အေရး ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ႏိုင္ငံကို လူသားခ်င္းစာနာမႈဆိုင္ရာ အကူအညီေပးဖို႔ အိႏၵိယကို Antonio Guterres က အခုလုိ တိုက္တြန္းခဲ့ပါတယ္။
“အိႏၵိယအေနနဲ႕ ဘာလုပ္ႏိုင္သလဲဆိုရင္ ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာဒုကၡသည္ေတြကို ကူညီလက္ခံထားတဲ့ ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ႏိုင္ငံကို ပံ့ပိုးေပးပါ။ အဲဒီမွာ မုတ္သုန္မိုးကာလ ျဖစ္ေနတဲ့အတြက္ လူသားခ်င္းစာနာမႈဆိုင္ရာ ဒုကၡအက်ပ္အတည္း ႀကီးႀကီးမားမား ရင္ဆိုင္ေနရပါတယ္။ ဒုကၡသည္ေတြအတြက္ ကုလသမဂၢအေနနဲ႕ အေထာက္အပံ့ေတြ အႀကီးအက်ယ္ကူညီထားေပမယ့္လည္း လံုေလာက္မႈ မရွိပါဘူး။ သူတို႔ကို ကူညီႏိုင္ဖို႔ ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ကို ေထာက္ပံ့ဖို႔ လိုပါတယ္။”
လြန္ခဲ့တဲ့ႏွစ္ေတြတုန္းက ဒုကၡသည္မ်ားဆိုင္ရာ ကုလသမဂၢ မဟာမင္းႀကီး တာ၀န္ကို ထမ္းေဆာင္စဥ္ သူ႕အေနနဲ႕ ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ေျမာက္ပိုင္းကို အႀကိမ္မ်ားစြာ သြားေရာက္ခဲ့ခ်ိန္မွာ ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာေတြ ဖိႏွိပ္ခံရမႈအေျခအေနကို သူကိုယ္တိုင္ ေတြ႕ခဲ့ရတယ္လို႔လည္း Antonio Guterres ကေျပာပါတယ္။
“က်ေနာ္ရဲ႕ အေတြ႕အႀကံဳကိုေျပာျပရရင္ ကမၻာေပၚမွာ ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာေတြေလာက္ ဆိုးဆိုး၀ါး၀ါးခဲြျခားခံရတဲ့ အသိုင္းအ၀ိုင္းမ်ဳိး က်ေနာ္ မေတြ႕ဘူးပါဘူး။ သူတို႔မွာ လြတ္လပ္စြာသြားလာခြင့္ မရွိဘူး။ ရြာတရြာနဲ႕ တရြာ သြားဖို႔ ရဲရဲ႕ခြင့္ျပဳခ်က္ေတာင္းခံရပါတယ္။ ခြင့္ျပဳခ်က္မရပဲ လက္ထပ္ခြင့္မရွိပါဘူး။ ကေလးအမ်ားစုအတြက္ ေက်ာင္းပညာ သင္ၾကားခြင့္ ကန္႕သတ္ထားသလို ရန္ကုန္တကၠသိုလ္တက္ေရာက္ခြင့္အပါအ၀င္ အျခား တကၠသိုလ္ပညာသင္ၾကားခြင့္ေတြလည္း ကန္႕သတ္ခံထားရပါတယ္။ က်န္းမာေရး ေဆး၀ါးကုသခြင့္၊ အလုပ္အကိုင္ရရွိခြင့္၊ အသက္ေမြး၀မ္းေက်ာင္း စတာေတြကိုလည္း ကန္႕သတ္ထားပါတယ္။”
ဒါအျပင္ အရင္ ျမန္မာ အရပ္သားတပိုင္း အစိုးရ လက္ထက္ ထိပ္ပိုင္းေခါင္းေဆာင္ေတြမွာ ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာေတြအေပၚ လူမ်ဳိးေရးအရခဲြျခားမႈနဲ႕ အဆိုးျမင္တဲ့သေဘာထား အျမစ္တြယ္ေနတာကို ေတြ႕ခဲ့ရတယ္လို႔ ကုလအတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္က ဆိုပါတယ္။ ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္တြင္း အိုးအိမ္စြန္႕ခြာထြက္ေျပးေနရတဲ့ ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာေတြကို အျခားႏိုင္ငံေတြမွာ ဒုကၡသည္ေတြအျဖစ္ သြားေရာက္အေျခခ်ခြင့္ရေအာင္ လုပ္ေပးဖို႕ အစိုးရအျမင့္ဆံုးေခါင္းေဆာင္တဦးက သူ႔ကို ေျပာခဲ့တယ္လို႔လည္း Antonio Guterres ကေျပာပါတယ္။
ဒုကၡသည္မ်ားဆိုင္ရာ ကုလသမဂၢ မဟာမင္းႀကီး အေနနဲ႕ ဒုကၡသည္ေတြ အျဖစ္ ဖန္တီးဖို႔ဟာ သူ႕တာ၀န္မဟုတ္ပဲ ဒုကၡသည္ျဖစ္ရတဲ့ ျပႆနာကို ေျဖရွင္းဖို႔က သူရဲ႕ တာာ၀န္ျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း ျပန္ေျပာခဲ့တယ္လို႔ Mr. Guterres ကဆိုပါတယ္။ ဒီအျမင္ကိုၾကည့္ရင္ ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာေတြအေပၚ အဆိုးျမင္တဲ့ အျမင္ ဘယ္ေလာက္ထိ အျမစ္တြယ္ေနသလဲဆိုတာ ျပေနေၾကာင္း ဒီလို ခဲြျခားခံေနရတဲ့ လူမႈအသိုင္းအ၀ိုင္းတည္ရွိေနတာဟာ အၾကမ္းဖက္သမားေတြကို ဖိတ္ေခၚရာေရာက္ေနတယ္လို႔ သံုးသပ္ေၾကာင္း အတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္က ေျပာပါတယ္။
“ဒီလို ခြဲျခားဆက္ဆံမႈေတြရွိေနၿပီး ဆိုးရြားလွတဲ့ အေျခအေနေအာက္မွာ ေနထိုင္ေနရတဲ့ လူမႈအသိုင္းအ၀ိုင္းရွိေနျခင္းအားျဖင့္ အၾကမ္းဖက္အုပ္စုေတြအတြက္ အျမတ္ထုတ္ႏိုင္ဖို႔ ဖိတ္ေခၚေနတာပါ။ အခုလို ဆိုးရြားတဲ့ ထိခိုက္မႈေတြဟာ ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္နဲ႕ ျမန္မာ ႏွစ္ႏိုင္ငံထဲသာမက ေဒသတခုလံုးကို သက္ေရာက္မႈေတြရွိႏိုင္တာပါ။ ဒါေၾကာင့္ ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာဒုကၡသည္ေတြ သူတို႔ေနရပ္ျပန္ႏိုင္ေရးနဲ႕ ႏိုင္ငံသားေတြရဲ႕ အေျခခံအခြင့္အေရး ရရွိေရး ကူညီပံ့ပိုးမႈဟာ က်ေနာ္တို႔အားလံုးအတြက္ အလြန္ကို အေရးႀကီးတယ္လို႔ က်ေနာ္ျမင္ပါတယ္။”
အခုဆိုရင္ ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ႏုိင္ငံမွာ ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာဒုကၡသည္ တသန္းေက်ာ္ရွိေနၿပီးသူတို႔ေတြရဲ႕ ရြာေတြ မီးရွဳိ႕ဖ်က္ဆီးခံရတာအပါအ၀င္ အတင္းအဓမၼျပဳက်င့္မႈနဲ႕ သတ္ျဖတ္ ညွမ္းပမ္းႏွိပ္စက္မႈ မ်ဳိးစံုကို ခံစားခဲ့ၾကရတယ္လို႔လည္း ကုလအတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္Antonio Guterres ကေျပာပါတယ္။ ဒါေၾကာင့္ ဆိုးရြားလွတဲ့ ျပစ္မႈက်ဴးလြန္မႈေတြအတြက္ တာ၀န္ခံ၊ တာ၀န္ယူမႈရွိရမွာျဖစ္တယ္လို႔ သူ႕အေနနဲ႕ ယံုၾကည္ေၾကာင္း အခုလို တဆက္တည္းေျပာပါတယ္။
“ဒီျပစ္မႈက်ဴးလြန္မႈေတြအတြက္ တာ၀န္ခံမႈ၊ တာ၀န္ယူမႈ ရွိသင့္တယ္လို႔ က်ေနာ္ယံုၾကည္ပါတယ္။ ဆိုးရြား ျပင္းထန္လွတဲ့ ျပစ္မႈေတြ က်ဴးလြန္ခဲ့တယ္ဆိုတာ ထင္ရွားပါတယ္။ ဒီျပစ္မႈေတြအတြက္ တာ၀န္ယူတာ၊ အျပစ္ေပးအေရးယူတာ ရွိသင့္တယ္လို႔ က်ေနာ္ယံုၾကည္ထားပါတယ္။ ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ႏိုင္ငံဘက္က ICC ႏိုင္ငံတကာ ရာဇ၀တ္ခံုရံုးတင္ဖို႔ ႀကိဳးပမ္းေဆာင္ရြက္ေနတာ က်ေနာ္သိပါတယ္။ ICC ခံုရံုးဘက္က ဘယ္ေလာက္အထိ တရားစီရင္ခြင့္ ရႏိုင္မလဲ က်ေနာ္ မသိပါဘူး။ ေသခ်ာတာကေတာ့ ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ ေျမာက္ပိုင္းမွာ ျဖစ္ခဲ့တဲ့ အေျခအေနဟာ မယံုႏိုင္စရာေကာင္းေလာက္ေအာင္ ဆိုးရြားလြန္းလွပါတယ္။”
ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ေျမာက္ပိုင္းမွာ ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာေတြ ေနရပ္ျပန္ႏိုင္ၿပီး ႏိုင္ငံသားေတြရဲ႕ အေျခခံရပိုင္ခြင့္နဲ႕အညီ ေနထိုင္ခြင့္ရေအာင္လုပ္ျခင္းအားျဖင့္ ေဒသတြင္း တည္ၿငိမ္မႈရဖို႔ အေထာက္အကူေပးမွာျဖစ္သလို ဒီအတြက္လည္း ျမန္မာနဲ႕ ဆက္ဆံေရးေကာင္းမြန္တဲ့ အိႏိၵယအေနနဲ႕ ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာဒုကၡသည္ေတြ ေနရပ္ကို လံုလံုၿခံဳၿခံဳျပန္ႏိုင္ေရး ျမန္မာကို ဖိအားေပးဖို႔ ကုလအတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္Antonio Guterres ကအႀကံျပဳတိုက္တြန္းခဲ့ပါတယ္။
“ျပန္လည္ရင္ၾကားေစ့ေရးနဲ႕ ဒုကၡသည္ေတြျပန္ႏိုင္ေရး အေျခအေနေတြကို ဖန္တီးဖို႔ ျမန္မာအစိုးရ အထူးသျဖင့္ ျမန္မာစစ္တပ္အေပၚ ဖိအားေပးရမွာျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ လက္ရွိအေျခအေနအရ ဒုကၡသည္ေတြ ေနရပ္ မျပန္ႏိုင္ေသးပါဘူး။ သူတို႔ေၾကာက္ရြံေနၾကပါတယ္။ သူတို႔ေနရပ္မွာ ဂုဏ္သိကၡာရွိရွိ လံုလံုၿခံဳၿခံဳေနဖို႔ အေျခအေနေတြ မရွိေသးပါဘူး။ ဒီအတြက္ အိႏၵိယ၊ တရုတ္လို ျမန္မာနဲ႕ ဆက္ဆံေရးေကာင္းမြန္တဲ့ ႏိုင္ငံေတြအေနနဲ႕ ဒုကၡသည္ေတြ ေနရပ္ျပန္ႏိုင္ေရး ျမန္မာကို တတ္ႏိုင္သမွ်နည္းလမ္းေတြနဲ႕ ဖိအားေပးရမွာျဖစ္ပါတယ္။”
ကုလသမဂၢအတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္ Antonio Guterres ဟာ ေအာက္တိုဘာလ ၁- ၃ ရက္ေန႔ထိ အိႏၵိယႏိုင္ငံခရီးစဥ္တြင္း အိႏၵိယ ၀န္ႀကီးခ်ဳပ္ Narendra Modi အပါအ၀င္ အိႏၵိယ ထိပ္တန္းေခါင္းေဆာင္ေတြနဲ႕ ေတြ႕ဆံုခဲ့ပါတယ္။
Source : https://burmese.voanews.com/a/india-should-support-bangladesh-on-rohingya-crisis-un-secretary-general/4597435.html
 

Those responsible for Myanmar crimes could face genocide charges: U.S.

FILE PHOTO: Smoke is seen on the Myanmar border as Rohingya refugees walk on the shore after crossing the Bangladesh-Myanmar border by boat through the Bay of Bengal, in Shah Porir Dwip, Bangladesh September 11, 2017. REUTERS/Danish Siddiqui


NEW YORK (Reuters) – A U.S. government probe into Myanmar’s campaign against the Rohingya Muslim minority was not aimed at determining whether genocide or crimes against humanity had been committed, but those responsible could still be held accountable for those crimes, a top State Department official said on Thursday.
The U.S. State Department report released on Monday said Myanmar’s military waged a “well-planned and coordinated” campaign of mass killings, gang rapes and other atrocities against the Rohingya.
But it stopped short of describing the crackdown as genocide or crimes against humanity, an issue that other U.S. officials said was the subject of fierce internal debate that delayed the report’s rollout for nearly a month.
“There weren’t legal judgments expressed in it because that wasn’t the point of the report,” U.S. Deputy Secretary of State John Sullivan told a news conference in New York when asked why the report had not used the words “genocide” or “crimes against humanity.”
He added: “We are working toward holding those accountable, including judgments like the one you have offered – characterizing it as a crime against humanity or genocide.”
Sullivan spoke on the sidelines of the U.N. General Assembly, shortly before Secretary of State Mike Pompeo met with Kyaw Tint Swe, Myanmar’s minister for the Office of the State Counselor and its representative to the U.N. session.Pompeo did not respond to a reporter’s question about whether there had been genocide in Myanmar.
U.S. officials told Reuters earlier this week that the State Department report could be used to justify further U.S. sanctions or other punitive measures against Myanmar authorities.
The report, which was first reported by Reuters, resulted from more than a thousand interviews of Rohingya men and women in refugee camps in neighboring Bangladesh, where almost 700,000 Rohingya have fled after a military campaign last year in Myanmar’s Rakhine State.
Survivors described in harrowing detail what they had witnessed, including soldiers killing infants and small children, the shooting of unarmed men, and victims buried alive or thrown into pits of mass graves. They told of widespread sexual assault by Myanmar’s military of Rohingya women, often carried out in public.
The Myanmar government spokesman Zaw Htay declined to comment when reached on Tuesday and said he was unable to answer questions by telephone. Calls to military spokesman Major General Tun Tun Nyi were unanswered.
Human rights groups and Rohingya activists have put the death toll in the thousands from the crackdown, which followed attacks by Rohingya insurgents on security forces in Rakhine State in August 2017.
The results of the U.S. investigation were released in low-key fashion – posted on the State Department’s website – nearly a month after U.N. investigators issued their own report accusing Myanmar’s military of acting with “genocidal intent” and calling for the country’s commander-in-chief and five generals to be prosecuted under international law.
The military in Myanmar, previously known as Burma, where Buddhism is the main religion, has denied accusations of ethnic cleansing and says its actions were part of a fight against terrorism.
Senior State Department officials said the aim of the report was to guide U.S. policy aimed at holding the perpetrators accountable. The report proposed no new steps.
One official said it would be up to Pompeo whether to make such a “legal” designation in the future and did not rule out the possibility.
 
Source : https://mobile.reuters.com/article/amp/idUSKCN1M72VA?__twitter_impression=true

Speakers of Convention myanmar’s ongoing genocide 2018 rejected Dr Wakker Uddin’s Statement


ICC is the only solution for those perpetrators be brought to justice so that the history of genocide of all ethnic minorities including Rohingya will never repeat again. Here is Dr Waker Uddin interview translation details who cannot understand Burmese language. Credit to Dr Haikal Mansor This is my translation of his part of statement. It is CRYSTAL CLEAR what he said. VOA: ICC states that it has jurisdiction to investigate over the forceful expulsion of Rohingya. Since Myanmar is not a signatory to the Rome Statute, what do you think of the ICC fully process in investigating the situation? WAKAR UDDIN: ICC will proceed with the international law. It has its own experts. International expert must decide whether they proceed with its procedure and if not what way it be. In order not to reach that point [of ICC referral], isn’t it good they cooperate with the government of Myanmar to solve the problem? Although ICC International Expert and International lawyers [say about the prosecution at ICC], we Rohingya can solve this problem by being provided with their human rights and the status of nationality, even without reaching to it [ICC Court]. VOA: What do you think about the call for the investigation and prosecution of General Min Aung Hlaing and other generals under the international law for committing gravest crimes, described in the report of UN Fact Finding Mission? WAKAR UDDIN: Who is responsible for Crime Against Humanity? Where did the command came from – top, from the state, from the local district level? It is good to investigate according to norms. After investigating the evidence, it should state what steps should be taken. Therefore, the best way I think is to prevent reaching to that point [of ICC referral] and to quickly solve the situation. It is good for Tatmadaw [Myanmar Military]. It is good for Myanmar. It is good for the democratic government [of Myanmar]. It is good for NLD [National League for Democracy]. VOA: Do Rohingya not agree to prosecute Myanmar chain of command at ICC, do they? What do you think? WAKAR UDDIN: It’s different [in opinions]. Some Rohingya say it should continue. As I understand, the majority [of Rohingya] think that it is not good to reach to that point [of ICC Prosecution]. They want to return to their country and to their land. As far as I have talked to them, they want to go. There is no need of anything if they get their human rights, the status of nationality and the security to live. The government of Myanmar should thoroughly investigate and quickly find the answer. For Contact : Email : info@arakanpressnetwork24 arakanpressnetwork24@gmail.com
 
Source : ARAKAN PRESS NETWORK