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UK Government has been ‘unacceptably’ slow to respond to persecution of Rohingya in Myanmar, MPs warn

International Development Committee condemns ministers’ decision to send just two UK experts to help prevent sexual violence against refugees

An influential committee of MPs has criticised the Government for an “unacceptable” failure to respond to the plight of the Rohingya people in Myanmar.

The House of Commons International Development Committee said ministers had not acted quickly enough in sending experts to help prevent sexual violence against the Muslim minority group in Myanmar’s Rakhine province.

Despite “substantial evidence” of rape, sexual violence, torture and mutilations being carried out against the Rohingya, the committee said, barely any UK experts have been dispatched to the area.

The UK Government’s 2012 Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict Initiative (PSVI), established a group of 73 experts who can be sent to conflict areas around the globe to help prevent sexual violence and bring perpetrators to justice. However, just two of them have been sent to Myanmar and refugee camps in Bangladesh.

The UN estimates that more than 650,000 Rohingya have fled into neighbouring Bangladesh since last August, while charities say more than 10,000 people have been killed in the violence.

International observers have accused the Burmese military of carrying out widespread attacks against the civilian Rohingya population. The International Development Committee said rape and sexual violence had been been used continuously in Myanmar as “weapons of war”.

In a damning report, the MPs said: “Given the airplay that the UK’s ‘Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict Initiative’ has been given by the Government, we are disappointed that it took so long to send any of its specialist resources on sexual violence to advise on dealing with the experiences of the Rohingya in Rakhine State.

The committee’s chair, Labour MP Stephen Twigg, added: “The UK has 70 experts ready to deploy to Bangladesh to assist with this situation and yet we haven’t sent them. This flies in the face of the UK’s commitment to deter gender-based violence, championed by William Hague in 2012.

“It is unacceptable that it is taking the UK so long to send any specialist resources on sexual violence to advise on the experiences of the Rohingya in Rakhine State. Previous reports from our committee (2006 and 2014) reported the high incidence of rape in conflicts in Burma. The UK Government should have expected this and prepared accordingly. As an international community, we should consider what message this conveys to other regimes.”

The committee also expressed “grave concern” over plans to repatriate 100,000 Rohingya from Bangladesh to Myanmar without adequate guarantees about their safety.

The MPs said: “We are concerned by the emphasis on returning refugees to the Rakhine by the Bangladesh and Burmese government when the situation still seems fraught and very far from safe, dignified and durable.”

“It is unacceptable to propose that the Rohingya be returned to live in Burmese-run internment camps; inevitably to be faced with further privations, potential abuses and uncertain access for outside agencies; and likely only to be displaced once again if there is further violence.”

UK Government ministers have previously called on the Burmese authorities to conduct a “thorough and transparent” investigation into allegations of violence against Rohingya civilians. However, previous such reports have cleared the military of wrongdoing – a conclusion the UK Government called “simply not credible”.

The International Development Committee criticised the UK’s approach, saying: “We seriously doubt the efficacy of urging the Burmese authorities to investigate the conduct of its own forces personnel in a “thorough and transparent manner”.

“The Burmese internal inquiry has already cleared its forces of any wrongdoing in a way which the UK Government describes as “simply not credible”. We urge the UK Government to seek other paths to a resolution of this issue.”

It added: “The UK Government should reflect on why so much evidence of discrimination, marginalisation and abuse of the Rohingya people within Rakhine State in Burma was seemingly ignored for so long, rather than translated into effective action by the international community.

“We recommend that the UK, and like-minded states, should reflect on how to establish a more proactive approach to atrocity awareness and prevention.”

Kate Allen, Amnesty International’s UK Director, said: “MPs are right to express concern about the proposed returns of Rohingya to Myanmar (Burma), we share their alarm.

”Amnesty has declared what’s happening in Myanmar to be apartheid – both the civilian and military authorities in Myanmar need to dismantle that, before any of its victims can be expected to decide whether to return.

“If Rohingya people do choose to go back to Rakhine State where they faced such appalling discrimination and violence, then Amnesty and other monitors must be allowed access.”

A Government spokesperson said “The UK has led the international response to the Rohingya crisis and this report recognises our swift action. We are providing lifesaving UK aid to victims of ethnic cleansing, calling on the Burmese military to stop the violence and pushing the international community to step up their support.

“We have been clear in our condemnation of the terrible atrocities that have occurred in Rakhine State; we have now raised Burma five times at the UN Security Council to keep the international community’s attention focused on this crisis and we continue to engage with the Burmese authorities at the most senior levels to urge the inhumane violence to end.

“As the International Development Secretary has said today and when she visited Bangladesh in November, the conditions for a safe, voluntary and dignified return of Rohingya people to Burma are a long way from being met. We continue to push for returns to be in line with UN principles and for international oversight on both sides of the border.

Source :

ေမာင္ေတာေဒသ ျဖစ္စဥ္မ်ားေၾကာင့္ ျမန္မာႏွင့္အီးယူအၾကား ရင္းႏွီးျမႇဳပ္ႏွံမႈအကာအကြယ္ေပးေရး စာခ်ဳပ္ခ်ဳပ္ရန္ အီးယူဘက္မွရပ္ဆုိင္းလိုက္သျဖင့္ အေနာက္ႏုိင္ငံမ်ား၏ ရင္းႏွီးျမႇဳပ္ႏွံမႈမ်ား ၀င္ေရာက္ရန္ေမွ်ာ္မွန္း၍မရဟု ဆို

ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ ေမာင္ေတာေဒသ ျဖစ္စဥ္မ်ားေၾကာင့္ ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံႏွင့္ အီးယူႏုိင္ငံမ်ားအၾကား ႏွစ္ႏုိင္ငံရင္းႏွီးျမႇဳပ္ႏွံမႈ အကာအကြယ္ေပးေရး စာခ်ဳပ္ခ်ဳပ္ဆုိရန္အတြက္ အီးယူဘက္မွ ရပ္ဆုိင္းလိုက္သျဖင့္ ၂၀၁၈ ခုႏွစ္အတြင္း ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံတြင္းသို႔ အေနာက္ႏုိင္ငံမ်ား၏ ရင္းႏွီးျမႇဳပ္ႏွံမႈမ်ား အလံုးအရင္းႏွင့္ ၀င္ေရာက္လာရန္ ေမွ်ာ္မွန္း၍မရေၾကာင္း ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံ ရင္းႏွီးျမႇဳပ္ႏွံမႈေကာ္မရွင္ အတြင္းေရးမွဴး ဦးေအာင္ႏုိင္ဦးက ဇန္န၀ါရီ ၇ ရက္က ရန္ကုန္ၿမိဳ႕ရွိ ကုန္သည္စက္မႈအသင္းခ်ဳပ္တြင္ က်င္းပသည့္ Myanmar Investment Outlook Seminar -2018 အခမ္းအနားတြင္ ေျပာၾကားသည္။

“၂၀၁၈ ခုႏွစ္မွာ ေကာင္းတာေတြရွိေနသလို  ကြၽန္ေတာ္တို႔ ေမွ်ာ္မွန္းသလို မျဖစ္တာေတြ ရွိေနပါေသးတယ္။ အဲဒါကေတာ့ ေမာင္ေတာေဒသမွာျဖစ္တဲ့ ျဖစ္စဥ္ေတြက ကြၽန္ေတာ္တို႔တုိင္းျပည္ရဲ႕ ပံုရိပ္ကိုထိခိုက္မႈေတြ ရွိခဲ့တယ္။ အဲဒါနဲ႔ဆက္စပ္ၿပီး ဘာျဖစ္သြားလဲဆိုေတာ့ ကြၽန္ေတာ္တို႔နဲ႔ အီးယူနဲ႔ ႏွစ္ႏုိင္ငံရင္းႏွီးျမႇဳပ္ႏွံမႈ အကာအကြယ္ေပးေရး စာခ်ဳပ္နဲ႔ ပတ္သက္ၿပီး ညႇိေနတာက ၿပီးသေလာက္ရွိေနၿပီ။ အဲဒီအခ်ိန္မွာ ဒါကို ရပ္လိုက္တယ္။ ရပ္လိုက္တဲ့အတြက္ မူလကြၽန္ေတာ္တို႔ ေမွ်ာ္မွန္းခဲ့တာက ၂၀၁၇ မွာ ဒီစာခ်ဳပ္က ၿပီးေအာင္ညႇိမယ္၊ လက္မွတ္ထိုးမယ္၊ ၂၀၁၈၊၂၀၁၉ မွာ တုိင္းျပည္ထဲမွာ အီးယူရင္း ႏွီးျမႇဳပ္ႏွံမႈေတြ အမ်ားႀကီး၀င္လာေအာင္ Promote လုပ္မယ္ဆိုၿပီးေတာ့မွ အားႀကိဳးမာန္တက္ ေဆာင္ရြက္ခဲ့ပါတယ္။ သံုးႏွစ္ေလာက္အခ်ိန္ယူ ျပင္ဆင္ခဲ့ပါတယ္။

သို႔ေသာ္လည္း ရပ္ဆုိင္းလိုက္တဲ့အတြက္ ၂၀၁၈ ခုႏွစ္အတြင္း အေနာက္ႏုိင္ငံမ်ားမွ ရင္းႏွီးျမႇဳပ္ႏွံမႈမ်ားစြာ ၀င္ေရာက္လာရန္ ေမွ်ာ္မွန္း၍မရႏုိင္ေၾကာင္း ၎က ဆိုသည္။

“အဲဒီေတာ့ ျခံဳေျပာရရင္ ၂၀၁၈ သည္ တုိင္းျပည္အတြက္ Legal Infrastructure ပိုင္းကေျပာရင္ ပိုၿပီးအားေကာင္းတဲ့ ဥပေဒေတြ Legal Framework ျဖစ္လာတဲ့အတြက္ေၾကာင့္ စီးပြားေရးဘက္မွာ  လုပ္သာကိုင္သာ ပိုၿပီးရွိလာတယ္။ အခြင့္အလမ္းေတြ ပိုၿပီးမ်ားလာတယ္။ က႑အလိုက္လုပ္သား အင္အားအေျချပဳတဲ့လုပ္ငန္းေတြ ပိုၿပီး၀င္လာမယ္” ဟု ဦးေအာင္ႏိုင္ဦးက ေျပာၾကားသည္။

လက္ရွိအခ်ိန္တြင္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံတြင္ ႏိုင္ငံတကာမွ လာေရာက္ရင္းႏွီးျမႇဳပ္ႏွံရန္ စိတ္၀င္စားမႈ ျမင့္တက္ေနၿပီး အထူးသျဖင့္ အာဆီယံႏိုင္ငံမ်ား၊ ဂ်ပန္ႏွင့္ တ႐ုတ္ႏိုင္ငံတို႔မွ အဓိကစိတ္၀င္စားမႈ ျမင့္တက္ေနျခင္းျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံရင္းႏွီးျမႇဳပ္ႏွံမႈ ေကာ္မရွင္ ဒုတိယဥကၠ႒ေဒါက္တာသန္းျမင့္က ေျပာၾကားသည္။

“ႏိုင္ငံျခားကလည္း ကြၽန္ေတာ္တို႔ႏိုင္ငံမွာ လာေရာက္ရင္းႏွီးျမႇဳပ္ႏံွဖို႔ စိတ္၀င္စားမႈ ရွိပါတယ္။ အထူးသျဖင့္ အာဆီယံႏိုင္ငံမ်ားနဲ႔ ဂ်ပန္၊ တ႐ုတ္ စသည္ျဖစ္အလားအလာေကာင္းေတြ ရွိပါတယ္” ဟု ေဒါက္တာသန္းျမင့္က ေျပာၾကားသည္။

၂၀၁၇-၂၀၁၈ ဘ႑ာႏွစ္ ဒီဇင္ဘာ တတိယပတ္အထိ ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံအတြင္းသို႔ ရင္းႏွီးျမႇဳပ္ႏွံမႈ တိုးျမႇင့္ျခင္းအပါအ၀င္ ႏုိင္ငံျခား ရင္းႏွီးျမႇဳပ္ႏွံမႈပမာဏ ေဒၚလာ ငါးဘီလ်ံေက်ာ္ ၀င္ေရာက္ထားၿပီး စင္ကာပူႏုိင္ငံက အမ်ားဆံုး၀င္ေရာက္ျမႇဳပ္ႏွံထားေၾကာင္း ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံ ရင္းႏွီးျမႇဳပ္ႏွံမႈေကာ္မရွင္ သတင္းထုတ္ျပန္ခ်က္အမွတ္စဥ္ (၁၄/ ၂၀၁၇) အရ သိရသည္။

လက္ရွိဘ႑ာႏွစ္၀က္အတြင္း ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္၊ ဘ႐ူႏုိင္း၊ တ႐ုတ္၊ ျပင္သစ္၊ ဂ်ာမနီ၊ ေဟာင္ေကာင္၊ အိႏၵိယ၊ အင္ဒုိနီးရွား၊ ဂ်ပန္၊ မကာအုိ၊ မေလးရွား၊ ကိုရီးယား၊ စင္ကာပူ၊  သီရိလကၤာ၊ ထုိင္း၊ နယ္သာလန္၊ ယူႏုိက္တက္ကင္းဒမ္း၊ အေမရိကန္၊ ဗီယက္နမ္၊ လူဇင္ဘတ္၊ ဆာမုိအာ၊ ကာတာ၊ ေတာင္အာဖရိက၊ ထုိင္၀မ္၊ နယူးဇီလန္စသည့္ ႏုိင္ငံ၊ ေဒသမ်ားမွ ႏုိင္ငံျခားရင္းႏွီးျမႇဳပ္ႏွံမႈမ်ား ၀င္ေရာက္ခဲ့ျခင္းျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း သိရသည္။

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ေဒါက္တာ Surakiart Sathirathai ရဲ႕ ရခိုင္အေရး ပထမဆုံးေျပာဆိုခ်က္မ်ား

ရခိုင္ျပည္ကို သတင္းမီဒီယာနဲ႔ အကူအညီေပးသူေတြ ၀င္ခြင့့္ျပဳဖို႔ ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ဆိုင္ရာ အၾကံျပဳခ်က္မ်ားအေပၚ အေကာင္အထည္ေဖာ္ ေဆာင္ရြက္ေရး ေကာ္မတီရဲ႕ အၾကံေပးအဖြဲ႔ေခါင္းေဆာင္ ထိုင္း ဒုတိယ၀န္ႀကီးခ်ဳပ္ေဟာင္း ေဒါက္တာ Surakiart Sathirathai က ေျပာပါတယ္။ ဒါ့အျပင္ အဖမ္းခံထားရတဲ့ ႐ိုက္တာ သတင္းေထာက္ႏွစ္ဦးကိစၥ ျမန္မာအစိုးရ တာ၀န္ရွိသူတဦးနဲ႔ ေတြ႔ဆံုခ်ိန္ သူေျပာဆိုခဲ့ တယ္လို႔လဲ ဆိုပါတယ္။ ဒီအၾကံေပးအဖြဲ႔ကို ဖြဲ႔စည္းၿပီး ကတည္းကဆိုရင္ ရခိုင္အေရးနဲ႔ ပတ္သက္ၿပီး သတင္း မီဒီယာတခုနဲ႔ ပထမဆံုးလုပ္တဲ့ ေတြ႔ဆံုေမးျမန္းခန္းမွာ ေဒါက္တာ Surakiat က အဲဒီလိုေျပာထားတာပါ။

႐ိုက္တာသတင္းဌာနက ေတြ႔ဆံုေမးျမန္းခ်ိန္အတြင္း ေဒါက္တာ Surakiat ေျပာထားတာေတြကို စုစည္းၿပီး မအင္ၾကင္းႏုိင္က ေျပာျပပါမယ္။

ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္မွာ လူသားစာနာမႈ အကူအညီေပးသူေတြ၊ သတင္းသမားေတြကို အကန္႔အသတ္မရွိ လြတ္လပ္စြာ သြားလာခြင့္ေပးသင့္ တယ္လို႔ ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ဆိုင္ရာ ႏိုင္ငံတကာအႀကံေပးအဖဲြ႕ ေခါင္းေဆာင္ ထုိင္းႏိုင္ငံ ဒုတိယ၀န္ႀကီးခ်ဳပ္ေဟာင္း Surakiart Sathirathai ကေျပာပါတယ္။

Reuters သတင္းဌာနက ျမန္မာသတင္းေထာက္ ႏွစ္ဦး ကိုလည္း ၿပီးခဲ့တဲ့ ဒီဇင္ဘာလက အာဏာပိုင္ေတြ ဖမ္းဆီးထိန္းသိမ္းထားတဲ့ အေျခအေနကို သူ႔အေနနဲ႔ စိုးရိမ္မကင္းျဖစ္မိေၾကာင္းနဲ႔ ဒီျဖစ္ရပ္ဟာ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ သတင္းမီဒီယာေတြအေပၚ ႀကီးမားတဲ့ ကန္႔သတ္မႈေတြကို ေရွ႕ရွဳေနတဲ့ အလားအလာမဟုတ္ဖို႔ သူ႔အေနနဲ႔ ေမွ်ာ္လင့္မိေၾကာင္း Mr. Sathirathai ကဆိုပါတယ္။

Reuters သတင္းဌာနနဲ႔ ဘန္ေကာက္မွာ ေတြ႕ဆံုေမးျမန္းစဥ္ သူက အဲဒီလို ေျပာတာပါ။ ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္မွာ လြတ္လပ္စြာသတင္းရယူခြင့္ နဲ႔ လူသားခ်င္းစာနာမႈဆိုင္ရာအကူအညီေတြေရာက္ရွိဖို႔အေရးပါသလို အျခား သက္ဆိုင္ရာပုဂၢိဳလ္ အဖဲြ႕အစည္းေတြအေနနဲ႕လည္း လြတ္လြတ္လပ္လပ္ ၀င္ေရာက္စံုစမ္းေလ့လာခြင့္ရဖို႔ အေရးႀကီးတယ္လို႔ Surakiart Sathirathai ကေျပာပါတယ္။

ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ ပဋိပကၡေတြအေၾကာင္း သတင္းေရးေနတဲ့ Reuters သတင္းေထာက္ေတြျဖစ္တဲ့ ကို၀လံုးနဲ႔ ကိုေက်ာ္စိုးဦးတို႔ ႏွစ္ဦးကို အစိုးရလွ်ဳိ႕၀ွက္ခ်က္ ဥပေဒ ခ်ဳိးေဖာက္မႈမွာ သံသယရွိသူေတြအျဖစ္ ဒီဇင္ဘာလ ၁၂ ရက္ေန႔က ရန္ကုန္ၿမိဳ႕ဆင္ေျခဖုန္းဘက္မွာ အာဏာပိုင္ေတြက ဖမ္းဆီးခဲ့တာျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ အခုလို သူတို႔ ႏွစ္ဦးဖမ္းဆီးခံရမႈကို စိုးရိမ္ေၾကာင္း အမ်ဳိးသားလံုၿခံဳေရးအႀကံေပးပုဂၢိဳလ္ ဦးေသာင္းထြန္းကို တင္ျပထားတယ္လို႔ Mr. Sathirathai က Reuters သတင္းဌာနကို ေျပာပါတယ္။ ဒီအမႈနဲ႔ ပတ္သက္လို႔ ပြင့္လင္းျမင္သာစြာ ကိုင္တြယ္ဖို႔နဲ႔ စီေလ်ာ္တဲ့ တရားဥပေဒနဲ႔ အညီေဆာင္ရြက္ဖို႔ ဦးေသာင္းထြန္းကို အႀကံျပဳထားတယ္လို႔ Surakiart Sathirathai က ဆိုပါတယ္။

သတင္းေထာက္ ႏွစ္ဦး ဖမ္းခံရတဲ့ ျဖစ္ရပ္ဟာ ႏိုင္ငံတကာသတင္းမီဒီယာေတြအတြက္ေရာ ျမန္မာအစိုးရအတြက္ပါ ေျပာင္းျပန္အက်ဳိး သက္ေရာက္မႈေတြ မျဖစ္ေစဖို႔ သူေမွ်ာ္လင့္မိေၾကာင္း Mr. Sathirathai ကေျပာပါတယ္။ ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ႏိုင္ငံဘက္ ထြက္ေျပးသြားသူေတြကို ေနရပ္ျပန္လာေရးနဲ႔ ျပန္လည္ေနရာခ်ထားေရး ကိစၥမွာ ႏိုင္ငံတကာဘက္က စိုးရိမ္မႈေတြရွိေနတယ္လို႔ Surakiart Sathirathai ကေျပာ ပါတယ္။ ဒုကၡသည္ေတြကို တည္ဆဲဥပေဒအရ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံသားအျဖစ္ အသိအမွတ္ျပဳမခံရရင္ေတာင္ ေဘးကင္းလံုၿခံဳစြာ ေနရပ္ျပန္ႏိုင္ေရး အေသအခ်ာေဆာင္ရြက္ေပးႏိုင္တဲ့ နည္းလမ္းေတြကို သူဦးေဆာင္တဲ့ ရခိုင္အႀကံေပးအဖဲြ႕အေနနဲ႔ ရွာေဖြဖို႔ လိုအပ္ေနတယ္လို႔လည္း ဆိုပါတယ္။

အခုလို ရခိုင္အၾကပ္အတည္းကိစၥမွာ ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္ကို ႏိုင္ငံတကာက ၀ိုင္း၀န္းေ၀ဖန္ေနၾကတဲ့အေပၚ Mr. Sathirathai ရဲ႕ အျမင္ကေတာ့ ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္ဟာ ျပည္တြင္းႏိုင္ငံေရး အကန္႔အသတ္ထဲ ေရာက္ေနတယ္လို႔ သံုးသပ္ပါတယ္။ ရခိုင္ ျပႆနာမွာ လက္ညွဳိးထိုး အျပစ္တင္ဖို႔ထက္ အတြင္းမွာ အမ်ားသေဘာ တူညီခ်က္နဲ႔ ေျဖရွင္းႏိုင္ဖို႔ ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္က ႀကိဳးစားခဲ့တယ္လို႔ Surakiart Sathirathai က ေျပာပါတယ္။

ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္က အေျခအေနကို ၾကည့္ရာမွာ ျပည္တြင္းနဲ႔ ႏိုင္ငံတကာက သံုးသပ္ရွဳျမင္ပံု ႀကီးႀကီးမားမားကြာျခားေနေၾကာင္းနဲ႔ ဒီအခ်က္ကို ေပါင္းကူးအေနနဲ႕ ခ်ိတ္ဆက္မေပးႏိုင္ဘူးဆိုရင္ အေျခအေနေတြ တိုးတက္ေကာင္းမြန္လာဖို႔ အေႏွာင့္အယွက္အဟန္႔အတားအျဖစ္ ရွိေန လိမ့္မယ္လို႔Surakiart Sathirathai က သံုးသပ္ပါတယ္။ သူရဲ႕ ရခိုင္အႀကံေပးအဖဲြ႕ဟာ စစ္တပ္အပါအ၀င္ ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္မွာရွိတဲ့ အဖဲြ႔ အားလံုးနဲ႔ ညွဳိႏွဳိင္းေဆြးေႏြး တိုင္ပင္ဖို႔ ႀကိဳးပမ္းေဆာင္ရြက္မွာ ျဖစ္တယ္လို႔ ထိုင္းဒု၀န္ႀကီးခ်ဳပ္ေဟာင္းက ေျပာပါတယ္။ ရခိုင္အႀကံေပးအဖဲြ႔ကို အေျပာသက္သက္ အဖဲြ႔တဖဲြ႔ မျဖစ္ခ်င္ေၾကာင္း၊ လက္ဆုပ္လက္ကိုင္ ျပႏိုင္တဲ့ တိုးတက္မႈေတြ ရလာေအာင္ ကူညီေဆာင္ရြက္ေပးတဲ့ အဖဲြ႔ျဖစ္ခ်င္ေၾကာင္း Surakiart Sathirathai က ဆိုပါတယ္။

ဒါအျပင္ ရခိုင္အႀကံေပးအဖဲြ႕ဟာ အစိုးရအာေဘာ္ကိုေျပာမွာ မဟုတ္သလို ျမန္မာအစိုးရဘက္က ဒါမွမဟုတ္ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ အသိုင္းအ၀ိုင္း ဘက္က ကိုယ္စားျပဳေျပာဆိုမွာလည္း မဟုတ္ေၾကာင္း Mr. Sathirathai ကေျပာပါတယ္။ ဒီအႀကံေပးအဖဲြ႕ဟာ ဇန္န၀ါရီလ ၂၂ ရက္ေန႔မွာ ျမန္မာအစိုးရနဲ႔ ေနျပည္ေတာ္မွာ ေတြ႕ဆံုဖို႔ရွိၿပီး ဇန္န၀ါရီလ ၂၄ ရက္ေန႔မွာ ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ကို ပထမဆံုး ခရီးစဥ္အျဖစ္ သြားေရာက္မွာ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

ျပည္တြင္းျပည္ပက ပဋိပကၡေရးရာ အေတြ႕အႀကံဳရွိသူေတြ၊ ပညာရွင္ေတြ ပါ၀င္တဲ့ ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ဆိုင္ရာ အႀကံျပဳခ်က္မ်ားအေပၚ အေကာင္အထည္ေဖာ္ဆာင္ရြက္ေရးေကာ္မတီရဲ႕ အႀကံေပးအဖဲြ႔ကို ဦးေဆာင္သူအျဖစ္ အသက္ (၅၉)ႏွစ္အရြယ္ Mr. Sathirathai ကို ျမန္မာအစိုးရေခါင္းေဆာင္ ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္က ေရြးခ်ယ္ခဲ့တာပါ။ အဲဒီအႀကံျပဳအဖဲြ႔မွာ ၀ါရင့္အေမရိကန္ႏိုင္ငံေရးသမားနဲ႔ သံတမန္ေဟာင္းတဦးျဖစ္သူ Bill Richardson နဲ႔အတူ ႏိုင္ငံတကာက ပဋိပကၡဆိုင္ရာ ကြ်မ္းက်င္သူ ပုဂၢိဳလ္ငါးဦးနဲ႔ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံက ငါးဦး စုစုေပါင္း ၁၀ ဦး ပါ၀င္ပါတယ္။

ကိုဖီအာနန္ဦးေဆာင္တဲ့ ရခိုင္အႀကံေပးေကာ္မရွင္နဲ႕ ဒုသမၼတ ဦးျမင့္ေဆြ ဦးေဆာင္တဲ့ ရခိုင္စံုစမ္းေရးေကာ္မရွင္ တို႔ရဲ႕ အႀကံျပဳခ်က္ အသီးသီးကို အေကာင္အထည္ေဖၚဖို႔ ဖဲြ႕စည္းထားတဲ့ ျမန္မာအစိုးရရဲ႕ ေကာ္မတီကို ကူညီအႀကံျပဳဖို႔ Surakiart Sathirathai ဦးေဆာင္တဲ့ ႏိုင္ငံတကာဆိုင္ရာ ရခိုင္အႀကံေပးအဖဲြ႔ကို ၂၀၁၇ခုနွစ္ ဒီဇင္ဘာလ ၁၁ ရက္ေန႔က သမၼတဦးထင္ေက်ာ္ခြင့္ျပဳခ်က္နဲ႔ ဖဲြ႔စည္းလိုက္တာ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

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Saudi Arabia, UAE agree to join Malaysia to help Rohingya refugees

KLUANG: Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) have agreed to cooperate with Malaysia to help the Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh.

Defence Minister Datuk Seri Hishammuddin Tun Hussein (pix) said this was stated by Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed Salman and UAE Crown Prince Sheikh Mohammed Zayed Al-Nahyan recently.

“During my visit to Morocco, I had contacted the two crown princes and they agreed to join us (Malaysia) to help the Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh.

“The UAE and Saudi Arabia have agreed to channel donations and medicines to Hospital Medan Malaysia at Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh and God-willing, in the near future we will see the three flags of Malaysia, Saudi Arabia and the UAE fly in Bangladesh,” he said.

He was speaking to reporters after the handover ceremony of a school van and mock cheque for bus fare subsidy for students of Ladang Landak in Paloh near here today.

Hishammuddin, who is also Special Functions Minister and Sembrong MP said it was not easy for three countries to galvanise efforts to help the Rohingya, but it could help to enhance the image of an Islamic state that had long been regarded as extremist, backward and fighting among themselves.

“An agreement has been reached. We hope to have the three flags raised during Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Abdul Razak’s visit to the refugee camp, which is expected to be this month,” he said.

Meanwhile, on his visit to Morocco from Dec 22-24 last year, he noted the country was seen as a gateway to Malaysia in building relations with new countries because Morocco was located between Europe, West Asia and Africa.

He said relations with Morocco would also help Malaysia improve intelligence and military in combating terrorism. — Bernama

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OIC delegation to visit Cox’s Bazar Rohingya camps

The visit is undertaken, in coordination with the government of Bangladesh, to ascertain the human rights and humanitarian situation of the Rohingyas in Myanmar

A delegation of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) will visit the Rohingya camps in Cox’s Bazar.

The delegation will visit the camps for four days from Wednesday to acquire first-hand information on the state of human rights violations faced by the Rohingyas in Myanmar.

During the visit to Cox’s Bazar, the officials from the OIC General Secretariat will discuss humanitarian needs and other issues of concern with the relevant authorities in Bangladesh and present their report to OIC Secretary General Dr Yousef bin Ahmad Al-Othaimeen.

A detailed report both on the human rights situation of the Rohingyas in Myanmar and their urgent humanitarian needs will be presented to the upcoming OIC Council of Foreign Ministers scheduled to take place in May this year in Dhaka.

The delegation consists of members of the OIC Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission (IPHRC), one of the principle statutory organs of the OIC – dealing with human rights issues, and officials from relevant departments of the OIC General Secretariat including the Minorities, Information and Humanitarian Affairs.

The visit is undertaken, in coordination with the government of Bangladesh, to ascertain the human rights and humanitarian situation of the Rohingyas in Myanmar, according to OIC statement.

Despite repeated requests by the IPHRC, Myanmar authorities did not allow to undertake a fact-finding visit on the human rights situation faced by the Rohingyas in the Rakhine State.

In the absence of a positive response from the Myanmar Government, the IPHRC has decided to visit the Rohingya camps in Cox’s Bazar for the report purpose.

IPHRC has routinely pronounced its strong concerns and condemnation on the state of human rights violations faced by the Rohingyas in Myanmar at all relevant UN forums.

The OIC has repeatedly called upon the Myanmar government to allow the Rohingyas to return to the country safely and with dignity.

Meanwhile, Indonesian President Joko Widodo is likely to arrive in Dhaka on a two-day official visit this month to discuss bilateral, regional and global issues including the Rohingya issue.

The two countries are now in discussion to finalize the visit, a foreign ministry source said.

The Indonesian president, during the visit, will have meetings with President Abdul Hamid and Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina.

In September last, Indonesian Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi visited Dhaka and discussed the Rohingya issues.

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Brutality against children ‘cannot be the new normal’ stresses UNICEF

28 December 2017 – The scale of attack on children in conflict zones throughout 2017 is “shocking” said the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), calling on all parties to conflict to abide by their obligations under international law and immediately end violations and attacks against children.

Children are being targeted and exposed to attacks and brutal violence in their homes, schools and playgrounds,” said Manuel Fontaine, the Director of Emergency Programmes at UNICEF, in a news release Thursday.

“As these attacks continue year after year, we cannot become numb. Such brutality cannot be the new normal.”

According to UNICEF, children have become frontline targets, used as human shields, killed, maimed and recruited to fight in conflicts around the world.

Sexual violence, forced marriage, abduction and enslavement have become “standard tactics,” in conflicts from Iraq, Syria and Yemen, to Nigeria, South Sudan and Myanmar, said the UN agency.

In addition to the physical trauma children have had to suffer, far too many children have been subjected to the psychosocial trauma in having to witnesses shocking and widespread violence.

Hundreds of thousands have been displaced and many children have died as a result of lack of health care, medicines or access to food and water, because these services and were damaged or destroyed in fighting.

In some contexts, children abducted by extremist groups experience abuse yet again upon release when they are detained by security forces, added UNICEF.

In the news release, the UN agency underscored the need of all parties to conflict to abide by their obligations under international law to immediately end violations against children and the targeting of civilian infrastructure, including schools and hospitals.

UNICEF also called on all States with influence over parties to conflict “to use that influence to protect children.”

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UN Gathers Horror Stories from Rohingya Women Fleeing Myanmar

Now, living in massive refugee camps and settlements near the Bangladesh-Myanmar border, victims must deal with past traumas and face new risks.

Rejina is a grandmother who didn’t want her last name used. She said she has felt empty inside since losing contact with her 15-year-old granddaughter, following the army’s first wave of so-called clearance operations targeting the teenager’s village of Khadi Bil in Myanmar’s Maungdaw township. The military action in October 2016 followed deadly insurgent attacks on border guard posts in Myanmar’s troubled Rakhine state.

“I heard that the military came and entered the house and grabbed her and stole her property,” said Rejina, 65, now living in the Kutipalong camp in Bangladesh.

“They checked the house and grabbed whatever they wanted. If they found any young women, they took them away. Lots of women were raped,” Rejina said.

Severe after-effects

While thousands of female refugees might appear to be coping with conditions in the border camps, many survivors of alleged sexual violence by Myanmar security forces suffer from severe depression and post-traumatic stress disorder.

Accounts gathered by rights groups support the accusations of widespread rape by the Myanmar army on the Rohingya population.

Pramila Patten, the U.N. special representative on sexual violence in conflict, interviewed survivors in Bangladesh in November and said, “I heard the most heartbreaking and horrific accounts of sexual atrocities, reportedly committed in cold blood out of a lethal hatred for these people, solely on the basis of their ethnicity and religion. The wounds are extremely raw, dozens of women and girls dissolving to tears when recounting acts of unmitigated brutality.”

Access to therapy and treatment is lacking as more pressing issues like food supplies and adequate shelter take precedence in the 10 camps. Lack of communication adds to the dilemma, as efforts to get the word out to women in need prove difficult.

“Many women also lost their husbands, so you have many female-headed households,” said Jessica Olney, regional spokeswoman for the Center for Social Integrity.

“Women are still needing to figure out how services work and how to access them, and they don’t necessarily have experience advocating for them, so they are going without and that puts them in a vulnerable position,” Olney said.

To aid in treatment, NGOs like the International Organization for Migration are building women’s safe areas where they can receive psychosocial support from medical professionals.

Safe place to talk

“In these centers, it’s safe and secure and there are only other women there and they can talk about the things that are important to them,” said Fiona MacGregor, IOM communications officer.

“It’s an opportunity to hear what their needs are and find ways of reacting to that,” MacGregor said.

“These are also people who come from very small villages, and suddenly they are finding themselves in a place where there are more than 800,000 people living in the camps,” she said.

In addition to previous traumas, many of the new arrivals face the added risk of human trafficking as criminal networks prey on those seeking work.

“One thing we identified as a particular risk in the camps here is trafficking,” MacGregor said. “Women and girls are particularly vulnerable, and we’re hearing about traffickers approaching women and tricking them or persuading them to go for what they think are safe jobs somewhere else and they are ending up in situations of real exploitation.” She said some wind up “in the sex industry, or we are hearing about girls and women being promised domestic work and find they’re in different situations.”

More than 600,000 Rohingya Muslims have left Rakhine state since August 25, after insurgents attacked security forces and prompted a brutal military crackdown that has been described as ethnic cleansing. Since then, the IOM has provided 2,500 people with psychological first aid, but if stories gathered by rights groups are accurate, the refugees face a long road to recovery.

Myanmar’s government has repeatedly rejected claims that atrocities, including rape and extrajudicial killings, are occurring in northern Rakhine, the epicenter of the violence.

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Aung San Suu Kyi ‘avoided’ discussion of Rohingya rape during UN meeting

Myanmar state counsellor refused to engage in substantive talks about alleged violence against the Muslim minority, says envoy

Aung San Suu Kyi avoided discussing reports of Rohingya women and girls being raped by Myanmar troops and police when she met a senior UN official, according to an internal memo seen by the Guardian.

Pramila Patten, the special envoy on sexual violence in conflict, travelled to the country for a four-day visit in mid-December to raise the crisis with government officials.

But she said Aung San Suu Kyi, a state counsellor in the Myanmar government, refused to engage in “any substantive discussion” of reports that soldiers, border guard police and Rakhine Buddhist militias carried out “widespread and systematic” sexual violence in northern Rakhine state.

“The meeting with the state counsellor was a cordial courtesy call of
approximately 45 minutes that was, unfortunately, not substantive in nature,” she wrote in a letter sent to UN secretary-general Antonio Guterres last week.

More than 655,000 Rohingya, members of a persecuted and stateless Muslim minority, have fled to Bangladeshi refugee camps since violence began in Myanmar’s northern Rakhine state in August. Médecins Sans Frontières believes at least 6,700 Rohingya were killed during “clearance operations” ostensibly targeting militants, while many survivors say women and girls were gang-raped.

Instead of discussing the claims directly, Patten said Aung San Suu Kyi informed her she would enjoy “a number of good meetings” with senior Myanmar officials.

During these meetings, she was told by representatives of the military and civilian government that reports of atrocities were “exaggerated and fabricated by the international community”.

“Moreover, a belief was expressed that those who fled did so due to an affiliation with terrorist groups, and did so to evade law enforcement,” she wrote.

Myanmar’s army has cleared itself of any wrongdoing in an internal investigation dubbed a “whitewash” by human rights groups.

While in the country, Patten met the man who headed that investigation, Lt-Gen Aye Win, who explained their methodology.

“The military investigation, which consisted of armed men in uniform ‘interrogating’ civilians in large group settings, often on camera, and then presenting rations to communities following their testimony and cooperation, clearly occurred under coercive circumstances, where the incentive structure was not to lodge complaints,” Patten wrote.

“Accordingly, over 800 interviews yielded zero reports of sexual or other violence against civilians by the armed and security forces,” she said.

Patten also expressed concerns about plans to send Rohingya who have fled back to Myanmar, citing the “prevailing climate of impunity” in the country.

Bangladesh and Myanmar have agreed to the “speedy” repatriation of Rohingya, scheduled to start by the end of January.

But many Rohingya say they will not return voluntarily until they are given citizenship as well as guarantees that they will be safe and not put into internment camps. Tens of thousands have been living in such camps elsewhere in Rakhine state since violence in 2012.

Skye Wheeler, the researcher for Human Rights Watch who investigated the sexual violence allegations, said Myanmar was denying a “terrible truth”.

“The lack of acknowledgement or care the Myanmar authorities including Aung San Suu Kyi have shown for Rohingya women and girls who have been brutally raped by Myanmar soldiers as part of their ethnic cleansing campaign is almost as shocking as the horrific crimes themselves,” she told the Guardian.

“It’s like a second attack, to endure a vicious gang rape and then to be ignored, as if you don’t matter at all, to have that terrible truth denied.”

The Myanmar government was contacted for comment.

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UN General Assembly calls on Myanmar to stop military campaign against Rohingya Muslims

The United Nations General Assembly has called on Myanmar to halt its military campaign against Rohingya Muslims.

On Sunday, a resolution forwarded by the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) was adopted by a vote of 122 to 10 with 24 abstentions.

It calls for Myanmar to grant aid workers access and to give Rohingya Muslims full citizenship rights.

The resolution also calls on UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres to assign a special envoy to the country.

China, Russia, Cambodia, Laos, the Philippines, Vietnam, Myanmar, Belarus, Syria and Zimbabwe voted against the resolution.

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Backed by Myanmar’s government and Buddhist majority, the military launched yet another heavy-handed crackdown against the Muslim minority in Rakhine State on August 25, using a number of armed attacks on military posts as the pretext.

Over that past three months, government troops, apart from raping, have been committing killings, making arbitrary arrests, and carrying out mass arson attacks to destroy houses in predominantly-Rohingya villages in Rakhine.

Only in its first month, the clampdown, called by the UN and prominent rights group an “ethnic cleansing campaign,” killed some 6,700 Rohingya Muslims, including more than 700 children, according to Doctors Without Borders.

More than 655,000 Rohingya Muslims have so far fled the predominantly-Buddhist Myanmar to neighboring Bangladesh since then.

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Pressed by lawmakers, US mulls more sanctions on Myanmar

The State Department said Friday the U.S. is considering further actions against those responsible for “ethnic cleansing” of Rohingya Muslims, after a Myanmar general was blacklisted and Democratic lawmakers called for more military officers to face sanctions.

Rep. Eliot Engel, the top-ranking Democrat on the House Foreign Affairs Committee, contended that Myanmar authorities were committing genocide in Rakhine State. He said it was “stunning” that the Trump administration has only designated one person from Myanmar over the bloody crackdown that caused a refugee exodus to Bangladesh.

The United States imposed sanctions on Maung Maung Soe, who until last month was chief of the Myanmar army’s Western command responsible for security operations in Rakhine. He was among 13 people worldwide punished Thursday under human rights legislation.

Katina Adams, a State Department spokeswoman for East Asia, said Friday the U.S. is continuing to consider options under U.S. and international law “to help ensure that those responsible for ethnic cleansing and other atrocities face appropriate consequences.”

The crackdown has forced 650,000 of the minority Muslims to flee the majority-Buddhist nation, casting a shadow over its transition to democracy after decades of direct military rule. That has soured relations with Washington, which in the past five years had been rolling back economic sanctions to support Myanmar’s political change.

“With 6,000 dead and thousands more raped, beaten and displaced, it is clear Maung Maung Soe has not acted alone,” said Rep. Joe Crowley of New York. “The other military officials involved in the ethnic cleansing against the Rohingya must be sanctioned for their roles in this genocide. The United States has a moral obligation to act.”

Engel has put forward legislation to impose targeted sanctions and visa restrictions on those responsible for the crackdown. He called Friday for sanctions against the Bureau of Special Operations in the capital, Naypyidaw, including the military commander in chief, Min Aung Hlaing; the field commanders of three divisions under Maung Maung Soe’s command in Rakhine State; and military commanders in northern Kachin and Shan states accused of “flagrant abuses of civilians.”

Sen. Jeff Merkley of Oregon also supports more sanctions. He said by barring a U.N. human rights investigator from the country, the government was trying “to cover up and make invisible a campaign of mass atrocities.”

Myanmar denies allegations of human rights violations, saying its security forces have not targeted civilians and were responding to attacks by Rohingya militants in August.

The aid group Doctors Without Borders estimates at least 6,700 Rohingya civilians were killed in the first month of the crackdown.

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