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Pressed by lawmakers, US mulls more sanctions on Myanmar

The State Department said Friday the U.S. is considering further actions against those responsible for “ethnic cleansing” of Rohingya Muslims, after a Myanmar general was blacklisted and Democratic lawmakers called for more military officers to face sanctions.

Rep. Eliot Engel, the top-ranking Democrat on the House Foreign Affairs Committee, contended that Myanmar authorities were committing genocide in Rakhine State. He said it was “stunning” that the Trump administration has only designated one person from Myanmar over the bloody crackdown that caused a refugee exodus to Bangladesh.

The United States imposed sanctions on Maung Maung Soe, who until last month was chief of the Myanmar army’s Western command responsible for security operations in Rakhine. He was among 13 people worldwide punished Thursday under human rights legislation.

Katina Adams, a State Department spokeswoman for East Asia, said Friday the U.S. is continuing to consider options under U.S. and international law “to help ensure that those responsible for ethnic cleansing and other atrocities face appropriate consequences.”

The crackdown has forced 650,000 of the minority Muslims to flee the majority-Buddhist nation, casting a shadow over its transition to democracy after decades of direct military rule. That has soured relations with Washington, which in the past five years had been rolling back economic sanctions to support Myanmar’s political change.

“With 6,000 dead and thousands more raped, beaten and displaced, it is clear Maung Maung Soe has not acted alone,” said Rep. Joe Crowley of New York. “The other military officials involved in the ethnic cleansing against the Rohingya must be sanctioned for their roles in this genocide. The United States has a moral obligation to act.”

Engel has put forward legislation to impose targeted sanctions and visa restrictions on those responsible for the crackdown. He called Friday for sanctions against the Bureau of Special Operations in the capital, Naypyidaw, including the military commander in chief, Min Aung Hlaing; the field commanders of three divisions under Maung Maung Soe’s command in Rakhine State; and military commanders in northern Kachin and Shan states accused of “flagrant abuses of civilians.”

Sen. Jeff Merkley of Oregon also supports more sanctions. He said by barring a U.N. human rights investigator from the country, the government was trying “to cover up and make invisible a campaign of mass atrocities.”

Myanmar denies allegations of human rights violations, saying its security forces have not targeted civilians and were responding to attacks by Rohingya militants in August.

The aid group Doctors Without Borders estimates at least 6,700 Rohingya civilians were killed in the first month of the crackdown.

Source : http://www.foxnews.com

ႏိုင္ငံကာကြယ္ေရးလုပ္ေဆာင္ျခင္းျဖစ္လို႔ ကန္အေရးယူမႈ မွတ္ခ်က္မေပးလိုဟု တပ္မေတာ္တုံ႔ျပန္

ရခိုင္ေျမာက္ပိုင္းအေရး လူ႔အခြင့္အေရး ခ်ိဳးေဖာက္မႈေတြရွိေနတယ္ဆိုၿပီး အေမရိကန္က ဒဏ္ခတ္အေရးယူမႈဟာ အေမရိကန္အစိုးရရဲ႕ မူဝါဒသာျဖစ္တဲ့အတြက္ တပ္ဘက္က မွတ္ခ်က္ မေပးလိုဘူးလို႔ တပ္မေတာ္သတင္းမွန္ျပန္ၾကားေရးအဖြဲ႔ကတုံ႔ျပန္ပါတယ္။ အစြန္းေရာက္ေတြရဲ႕ အၾကမ္းဖက္တိုက္ခိုက္မႈေတြအေပၚ နယ္ေျမရွင္းလင္းတာကို ခိုင္လံုတဲ့ အေထာက္အထားမရွိပဲစြပ္စြဲေျပာဆိုမႈ တရပ္သာျဖစ္တယ္လို႔ ရခိုင္ျပည္သူ႔ လႊတ္ေတာ္ အမတ္တဦးကလည္း ေဝဖန္လိုက္ပါတယ္။ ဒါေပမဲ့လို႔ စစ္ဗို္လ္ခ်ဳပ္တဦးတည္း ကိုပဲ ဒီကိစၥေတြ အားလံုးမွာ တာဝန္ရွိတယ္ဆိုၿပီး ဒဏ္ခတ္ အေရးယူလိုက္တာဟာ ျမန္မာ့ႏိုင္ငံေရး အေနအထားအေပၚ သတိေပးတဲ့သေဘာ ခ်င့္ခ်င့္ခ်ိန္ခ်ိန္ ဆံုးျဖတ္ခ်က္ ခ်လိုက္တာျဖစ္တယ္လို႔ ျမန္မာ့ႏိုင္ငံေရး အကဲခတ္ကလည္း သံုးသပ္ပါတယ္။ သံုးသပ္ခ်က္ အျမင္ေတြကို မဆုမြန္ စုစည္းတင္ျပထားပါတယ္။

ကမာၻတဝွမ္းက လူ႔အခြင့္အေရးခ်ိဳးေဖာက္မႈေတြနဲ႔ ဆက္ႏြယ္ၿပီး အေမရိကန္အစိုးရက အေရးယူဒဏ္ခတ္မႈအသစ္ေတြ ခ်မွတ္လိုက္တဲ့ လူပုဂၢိဳလ္ (၁၃) ေယာက္အနက္ ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံက ရခုိင္ျပည္နယ္ စစ္ဆင္ေရးေတြမွာ ၾကီးၾကပ္တာဝန္ယူခဲ့တဲ့ အေနာက္ပိုင္း တုိင္း စစ္ဌာနခ်ဳပ္တိုင္းမွဴးေဟာင္း ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္ေမာင္ေမာင္စိုးကို လူ႔အခြင့္အေရးခ်ိဳးေဖာက္ မႈေတြမွာ တာဝန္ရွိသူအျဖစ္ ဒဏ္ခတ္အေရးယူတဲ့စာရင္းထဲ ထည့္သြင္းလိုက္တာပါ။

အခုလို အေမရိကန္ဘက္က စစ္ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္တဦးအေပၚ ဒဏ္ခတ္အေရးယူမႈနဲ႔ပတ္သက္ၿပီး တပ္မေတာ္သတင္းမွန္ျပန္ၾကားေရးအဖြဲ႔က ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္ထြန္းထြန္းညီကေတာ့ အေမရိကန္ အစိုးရဘက္က သူတို႔ရဲ႕ မူဝါဒအတုိင္း ေဆာင္ရြက္လုပ္ေဆာင္မႈျဖစ္တဲ့အတြက္ တစံုတရာ မွတ္ခ်က္ေပးရန္မရွိဘူးလို႔ ဗြီအိုေအျမန္မာပိုင္းကို အခုလိုေျပာပါတယ္။

“ဒီ Sanction နဲ႔ ပတ္သက္လို႔ေတာ့ ေျပာစရာမရွိဘူးနဲ႔တူပါတယ္။ ဘာလို႔ဆိုေတာ့ သူတို႔ ေပၚလစီက ေပၚလစီအတိုင္းပဲ သူတို႔လည္း ေပၚလစီအတိုင္းပဲ သူတို႔သြားၾကမွာေပါ့ေနာ္ ဒါကေတာ့ သူတို႔ႏိုင္ငံေပၚလစီအတိုင္းပဲ ျဖစ္မွာေပါ့။ သူတို႔ရည္ရြယ္ခ်က္ကို က်ေနာ္တို႔က ဘာမွ မသိရေသးတာေလ။ သူတို႔က ဘာရည္ရြယ္ခ်က္နဲ႔ လုပ္သလဲ ဆိုတာေတာ့ ရွိဦး မွာေပါ့ေနာ္။ က်ေနာ္တို႔ကေတာ့ တပ္မေတာ္သားဆိုေတာ့ တာ၀န္ေပးတဲ့အခ်ိန္မွာ တာဝန္ေပး တာကိုပဲ လုပ္ရတာပဲေလ တာဝန္ေပးတဲ့အေပၚမွာ လုပ္ရကိုင္ရတာပဲေလ။ တာ၀န္ေပးတဲ့အေပၚမွာ လုပ္ရကိုင္ရတာက က်ေနာ္တို႔က အလုပ္လုပ္တဲ့ေနရာမွာ Personal မွ မပါတာေလ ။ က်ေနာ္တို႔ အလုပ္လုပ္ေနတာက ႏိုင္ငံနဲ႔ တပ္မေတာ္အတြက္ အထက္ကေပးတဲ့ အမိန္႔အတိုင္း အလုပ္လုပ္ေနၾကတာေလ။”

ရခိုင္ေျမာက္ပိုင္းအေရး လူ႔အခြင့္အေရး ခ်ိဳးေဖာက္မႈေတြရွိေနတယ္ဆိုၿပီး အေမရိကန္က ဒဏ္ခတ္အေရးယူတာဟာ အစြန္းေရာက္ေတြရဲ႕ အၾကမ္းဖက္တိုက္ခိုက္မႈေတြအတြင္း နယ္ေျမ ရွင္းလင္းေရးလုပ္တာကို ႏို္င္ငံၾကီးတႏုိင္ငံျဖစ္ၿပီး ခိုင္လံုတဲ့အေထာက္အထား မရွိဘဲ စြပ္စြဲေျပာဆိုမႈ တရပ္သာျဖစ္တယ္လို႔ ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ ေျမပံုၿမိဳ႕နယ္ ျပည္သူ႔ လႊတ္ေတာ္ ကိုယ္စားလွယ္တဦးျဖစ္တဲ့ ဦးေဖသန္းကေတာ့ ေဝဖန္လိုက္ပါတယ္။

“ အေထာက္အထားမဲ႔ စြပ္စြဲၿပီးေတာ့ Sanction လုပ္တယ္ဆိုတာကေတာ့ ႏိုင္ငံတႏိုင္ငံ အေနနဲ႔ ႏိုင္ငံႀကီးတႏိုင္ငံအေနနဲ႔ အဲလိုလုပ္တယ္ဆိုတာကေတာ့ ေတာ္ေတာ္ကို အဓိပၸါယ္ မရွိဘူးလို႔ ျမင္တယ္။ အဲဒါေၾကာင့္ က်ေန႔ာအေနနဲ႔ ေ၀ဖန္လိုတာကေတာ့ ဒီအေပၚမွာ က်ေနာ္တို႔ ဘာမွ မထူးဆန္းဘူး သူတို႔လုပ္ေနၾကအတိုင္းပဲ လုပ္တယ္လို႔ ျမင္တယ္။ ဒါေပမယ့္ အဲဒီအေပၚမွာ သူ႔ကို ဘယ္လိုက်ဴးလြန္မႈနဲ႔ ဘယ္လို တာ၀န္ေပးသလဲ ၊ ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္က တပ္မေတာ္က တာ၀န္ေပးရင္ေတာ့ သူ႔အေနနဲ႔ လုပ္ရမွာပဲ။ ဒါေပမယ့္ သူ႔အေနနဲ႔ ဘယ္ေလာက္အထိ ကိုယ္ထိလက္ေရာက္ အဲဒီအေပၚမွာ က်ဴးက်ဴး လြန္လြန္ လုပ္ခဲ့သလဲ။ အဲဒီ သူတို႔ ရထားတဲ့ သတင္းေတြကေရာ တကယ့္စိတ္ခ်ရတဲ့ မွန္ကန္တဲ့ သတင္းေတြလား။ အဲဒီလို အေထာက္အထား မျပႏိုင္ပဲနဲ႔ တဖက္သတ္ လူ ပုဂၢိဳလ္ တေယာက္ ကို တာ၀န္ရွိတယ္ဆိုၿပီးေတာ့ အေရးယူျခင္း Sanction လုပ္တယ္ဆိုတာကေတာ့ မရွိသင့္ဘူးေပါ့။”

အေမရိကန္အစိုးရဘက္ကေတာ့ လူ႔အခြင့္အေရးခ်ိဳးေဖာက္မႈေတြရွိေနတယ္ဆိုတဲ့ ရခုိင္ေျမာက္ပိုင္းအေရး သတိေပးတဲ့သေဘာမ်ိဳးေလာက္ပဲ စတိသေဘာ ဒဏ္ခတ္ အေရးယူလိုက္တာျဖစ္ၿပီး အခုလို ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္ေမာင္ေမာင္စိုးလို အထက္က အမိန္႔ကို နာခံရ တဲ့ စစ္ဗို္လ္ခ်ဳပ္တဦးတည္းကိုပဲ ဒီကိစၥေတြ အားလံုးမွာ တာဝန္ရွိတယ္ဆိုၿပီး ဒဏ္ ခတ္ အေရးယူ လိုက္တာဟာ အာဏာလက္ကိုင္ရရွိႏိုင္မႈ အက်ပ္အတည္းနဲ႔ ရင္ဆုိင္ေနရတဲ့ ျမန္မာ့ႏိုင္ငံေရး အေနအထားအေပၚ ခ်င့္ခ်င့္ခ်ိန္ခ်ိန္ ဆံုးျဖတ္ခ်က္ခ်လိုက္တာျဖစ္တယ္လို႔ ျမန္မာ့ႏိုင္ငံေရး အကဲခတ္ေဒါက္တာရန္မ်ိဳးသိမ္းကလည္းသံုးသပ္ပါတယ္။

“အေမရိကန္ရဲ႕ Targeted Sanction က တကယ္တမ္းေျပာမယ္ဆိုရင္ သူက စတိ ေလာက္ ခ်မွတ္လိုက္တဲ့ အေနအထားလို႔ က်ေနာ္ျမင္ပါတယ္။ အဲဒီေတာ့ တကယ္တမ္း ကေတာ့ အေမရိကန္အစိုးရအေနနဲ႔ ဒီျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံရဲ႕ လက္ရွိဒီမိုကေရစီ အေျပာင္းအလဲ အေပၚမွာ တကယ့္ကို ႏႈိင္းႏိႈင္းခ်ိန္ခ်ိန္နဲ႔ ဒဏ္ခတ္ပိတ္ဆို႔ အေရးယူမႈကို လုပ္လိုက္တယ္လို႔ ျမင္ပါတယ္။ ေနာက္တဖက္ကလည္း ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံနဲ႔ တရုတ္ျပည္သူ႔ သမၼတႏိုင္ငံရဲ႕ ဆက္ ဆံေရး ပိုၿပီးေတာ့ နီးကပ္သြားႏိုင္တဲ့ အေျခအေနေပၚမွာ ခ်င့္ခ်င့္ခ်ိန္ခ်ိန္စဥ္းစားၿပီးေတာ့ Targeted Sanction ကို လုပ္လိုက္တာလို႔ ျမင္ပါတယ္။”

ရခုိင္ျပည္နယ္တြင္းက ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာေတြအေပၚ ဥပေဒမဲ့သတ္ျဖတ္မႈ လိင္ပိုင္းဆိုင္ရာ အႏုိင္ က်င့္ ေစာ္ကားမႈ ဖမ္းဆီးမႈေတြအပါအဝင္ လူ႔အခြင့္အေရးခ်ိဳးေဖာက္မႈေတြမွာ တာဝန္ရွိ ေၾကာင္း ခိုင္လံုတဲ့အေထာက္အထားေတြ ေတြ႔ရွိခဲ့တာေၾကာင့္ ဆိုၿပီး ဒီကေန႔ အိမ္ျဖဴေတာ္ က ထုတ္ျပန္တဲ့ေၾကညာခ်က္မွာ ေဖာ္ျပထားပါတယ္။ အထူးသျဖင့္ကေတာ့ ၾသဂုတ္လ အတြင္း ARSA အစြမ္းေရာက္အဖြဲ႔ေတြကို လိုက္လံရွင္းလင္းတဲ့ ျမန္မာစစ္တပ္ရဲ႕ စစ္ဆင္ ေရးေတြမွာ အေနာက္ပိုင္းတုိင္းစစ္ဌာနခ်ဳပ္က စစ္သားေတြဟာ ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာေက်းရြာေတြကို ဝင္ေရာက္ၿပီး ပစ္ခတ္သတ္ျဖတ္တာ အဓမၼျပဳက်င့္တာေတြ ရွိခဲ့ေၾကာင္း မ်က္ျမင္ ကိုယ္ေတြ႔ ႀကံဳေတြ႔ခဲ့ရသူေတြဆီက သက္ေသအေထာက္အထားေတြရတယ္လို႔ ထုတ္ျပန္ခ်က္ထဲ ေျပာဆိုထားပါတယ္။

ရခုိင္အမတ္ေတြနဲ႔ ရခိုင္ေဒသခံေတြဘက္ကေတာ့ၿပီးခဲ့တဲ့ ၾသဂုတ္လမွာျဖစ္ခဲ့တဲ့ ရခုိင္ေျမာက္ ပိုင္း ဘူးသီးေတာင္ ေမာင္ေတာေဒသတြင္း ARSA အၾကမ္းဖက္သမားေတြရဲ႕ အၾကမ္းဖက္တုိက္ခိုက္မႈေတြကို ျပန္ကာကြယ္တဲ့ စစ္တပ္ဘက္က နယ္ေျမလံုျခံဳေရးအရ အခ်ဳပ္အျခာကို ေစာင့္ေရွာက္ကာကြယ္မႈအျဖစ္ပဲ ျမင္တယ္လို႔ ရခုိင္အမတ္ ဦးေဖသန္းက ေျပာပါတယ္။

“အခုက်ေနာ္တို႔ ရခိုင္ေဒသခံေတြအေနနဲ႕ကေတာ့ ဒီစစ္ဆင္ေရးမွာ တဖက္က က်ဴးလြန္ လာလို႔ ျပန္ၿပီးေတာ့ တိုက္ထုတ္ရတဲ့ စစ္ဆင္ေရးျဖစ္တဲ့အတြက္ က်ေနာ္တို႔လည္း တပ္မေတာ္အေပၚမွာ အဲဒီလို မေတာ္မတရားလုပ္တယ္၊ အၾကမ္းဖက္ၿဖိဳခြဲတယ္ ဆိုတဲ့ အျမင္မ်ိဳးမျမင္ပါဘူး။”

အခုလို စစ္ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္အေပၚ ဒဏ္ခတ္အေရးယူမႈေတြ ကို အေမရိကန္ဘက္က ေဆာင္ရြက္ ေပမဲ့လို႔ ျမန္မာအစိုးရ၊ တပ္မေတာ္နဲ႔ လႊတ္ေတာ္တာဝန္ရွိသူေတြဘက္ကေတာ့ အေမရိ ကန္လို အေနာက္ႏုိင္ငံေတြက ျမန္မာျပည္လူ႔အခြင့္အေရးအေပၚစိုးရိမ္မႈေတြအေပၚ ရွင္း လင္းႏိုင္ဖို႔ ေျမျပင္ ပကတိ အေျခအေနခိုင္လံုတဲ့ သတင္းအခ်က္အလက္ေတြ မွ်ေဝေပးႏုိင္ ဖို႔ ဒီ့ထက္က်ယ္က်ယ္ျပန္႔ျပန္႔ သံတမန္ေရးအရ ေဆာင္ရြက္သင့္တယ္လို႔လည္း ေဒါက္တာ ရန္မ်ိဳးသိမ္းက အၾကံျပဳပါတယ္။

အေမရိကန္သမၼတ Donald Trump ၾကာသပေတးေန႔က လက္မွတ္ေရးထိုးၿပီး အေမရိ ကန္ ဘ႑ာေရးဝန္ႀကီးဌာနက ထုတ္ျပန္လိုက္တဲ့ အမိန္႔အရ ဒီလို အေရးယူ ဒဏ္ခတ္မႈ ခ်မွတ္ခံလိုက္ရသူေတြအေနနဲ႔ အေမရိကန္မွာ ပိုင္ဆိုင္မႈေတြရွိရင္ ခ်ိတ္ပိတ္ ထိန္းခ်ဳပ္ခံရမွာ ျဖစ္တဲ့အျပင္ အေမရိကန္နဲ႔ ႏုိင္ငံတကာ ေငြေၾကးစနစ္ ဘ႑ာေရးအသုံးျပဳမႈ မွာလည္း ကန္႔သတ္ခံရမွာ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

Source : https://burmese.voanews.com

Accounts of violence against Rohingya Muslims must be documented: Bob Rae

“Chilling and graphic” eyewitness accounts of violence against hundreds of thousands of Rohingya Muslim refugees must be documented so those responsible can be brought to justice, says Bob Rae, Canadian special envoy to Myanmar.

Mr. Rae’s interim report on the Rohingya crisis calls on Canada to maintain its support for international non-governmental organizations that are making “compelling” legal arguments about the treatment of the Rohingya. Mr. Rae released the report on Thursday, just over a month after his first trip to Myanmar and Bangladesh, where he witnessed first-hand the humanitarian crisis that has displaced more than 655,000 Rohingya refugees since August.

“Eyewitness accounts that I have heard have been both chilling and graphic. The gathering of evidence about particular events has to be thorough and systematic and relate to specific events, in particular places, at particular times,” Mr. Rae wrote.

“This work needs to look at events over the last several years, and efforts must be made to link them to those responsible for such violence and abuses of human rights and security.”

Canada and the United Nations have said “ethnic cleansing” is taking place against the Rohingya minority in Myanmar’s remote Rakhine State. Although Mr. Rae’s report did not use the term “ethnic cleansing,” he described the violence faced by Rohingya refugees.

“In addition to accounts of shooting and military violence, I also heard directly from women of sexual violence and abuse at the hands of the Myanmar military, and the death of children and the elderly on the way to the camps,” the report read.

Mr. Rae said there are well-founded concerns in Rohingya refugee camps about the potential for “catastrophe” due to heavy rain and wind, and the potential for the outbreak of disease. Bangladesh is in one of its cyclone seasons, which run from September through December and March through July. Mr. Rae said the international community, including Canada, must step up to prevent “serious loss of life.”

The violence in Rakhine began on Aug. 25 after Rohingya insurgents attacked police posts and an army base in the state. Myanmar’s military responded by killing hundreds of people, triggering an exodus of Rohingya to neighbouring Bangladesh. Myanmar’s de facto leader Aung San Suu Kyi and the country’s military have come under international pressure to end the violence, but Ms. Suu Kyi does not have any control over the military under the 2008 constitution.

Although Mr. Rae was unable to access remote Rakhine during his visit to Myanmar, he had an hour-long meeting with Ms. Suu Kyi’s officials in Yangon. He did not meet with any of Myanmar’s military officials. He plans to return to Myanmar in January, in hopes of visiting Rakhine, and will issue a final report with recommendations after his return.

Canada has pledged more than $37.5-million in humanitarian assistance for Bangladesh and Myanmar this year, contributing to the UN’s appeal for $434-million (U.S.) before February. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau appointed Mr. Rae as special envoy in October.

Source : https://www.theglobeandmail.com/news

Turkish PM calls Rohingya killings in Myanmar ‘genocide’

COX‘S BAZAR, Bangladesh (Reuters) – Turkey’s prime minister on Wednesday dubbed the killing of minority Muslim Rohingyas in Myanmar by its security forces “genocide” and urged the international community to ensure their safety back home.

Binali Yildirim met several Rohingyas in two refugee camps in Cox’s Bazar in neighboring Bangladesh.

Almost 870,000 Rohingya fled there, about 660,000 of whom arrived after Aug. 25, when Rohingya militants attacked security posts and the Myanmar army launched a counter-offensive.

“The Myanmar military has been trying to uproot Rohingya Muslim community from their homeland and for that they persecuted them, set fire to their homes, villages, raped and abused women and killed them,” Yildirim told reporters from Cox’s Bazar, before flying back to Turkey.

 “It’s one kind of a genocide,” he said.

“The international community should also work together to ensure their safe and dignified return to their homeland,” Yildirim, who was accompanied by Bangladesh’s Foreign Minister Abul Hassan Mahmood Ali, said.

Surveys of Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh by aid agency Medecins Sans Frontieres have shown at least 6,700 Rohingya were killed in Rakhine state in the month after violence flared up on Aug. 25, MSF said last week.

The U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra‘ad al-Hussein has called the violence “a textbook example of ethnic cleansing” and said he would not be surprised if a court eventually ruled that genocide had taken place.

Yildirim inaugurated a medical camp at Balukhali, sponsored by Turkey, and handed over two ambulances to Cox’s Bazar district administration. He also distributed food to Rohingya refugees at Kutupalong makeshift camp.

He urged the international community to enhance support for Rohingyas in Bangladesh and help find a political solution to this humanitarian crisis.

U.N. investigators have heard Rohingya testimony of a “consistent, methodical pattern of killings, torture, rape and arson”.

The United Nations defines genocide as acts meant to destroy a national, ethnic, racial or religious group in whole or in part. Such a designation is rare under international law, but has been used in contexts including Bosnia, Sudan and an Islamic State campaign against the Yazidi communities in Iraq and Syria.

Nobel peace laureate Aung San Suu Kyi’s less than two-year old civilian government has faced heavy international criticism for its response to the crisis, though it has no control over the generals it has to share power with under Myanmar’s transition after decades of military rule.

Yildirim’s trip follows Turkish first lady Emine Erdogan’s visit in September to the Rohingya camp, when she said the crack down in Myanmar’s Rakhine state was “tantamount to genocide” and a solution to the Rohingya crisis lies in Myanmar alone.

Source : https://www.reuters.com/article/

ျမန္မာ့တပ္မေတာ္ရဲ႕ ရာဇဝတ္မႈအစီရင္ခံစာ HRW အဖြဲ႔ထုတ္ျပန္

တူလာတိုလီရြာက ျမန္မာ့တပ္မေတာ္ရဲ႕ရာဇဝတ္မႈ ဆိုတဲ့ေခါင္းစဥ္နဲ႔အစီရင္ခံစာတေစာင္ကို HRW လူ႔အခြင့္ အေရးေစာင့္ၾကည့္အဖြဲ႔က ထုတ္ျပန္လိုက္ပါတယ္။

ေမာင္ေတာခရိုင္ တူလာတိုလီ ေခၚ မင္းႀကီးရြာမွာ ၾသဂုတ္လ ၃၀ ရက္ေန႔က နယ္ေျမရွင္းလင္းေရးဆိုၿပီး၊ ျမန္မာ့ တပ္မေတာ္က အၾကမ္းဖက္ႏွိမ္နင္းတဲ့အခါမွာ ျမစ္ကမ္းေဘးမွာ ရြာသားေတြကို စနစ္တက် သုတ္သင္ရွင္းလင္း သတ္ျဖတ္သလို၊ အမ်ိဳးသမီးေတြ ရာနဲ႔ခ်ီၿပီး မုဒိန္းက်င့္ခဲ့တယ္လို႔ စာမ်က္ႏွာ ၃၀ ပါတဲ့ အဲဒီအစီရင္ခံစာမွာ ေရးထား ပါတယ္။ အဲဒီထဲမွာ အမ်ိဳးသမီး ၁၈ ေယာက္ကို ေတြ႔ဆံုေမးျမန္းထားတဲ့ ကိုယ့္ေတြ႕ျဖစ္ရပ္ေတြပါဝင္ၿပီး၊ တျခား ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာဒုကၡသည္ ၂၀၀ ေက်ာ္ရဲ႕ အေတြ႔အႀကံဳေတြလည္း ပါဝင္တယ္လို႔သိရပါတယ္။

အဲဒီ တူလာတိုလီက ျမန္မာ့တပ္မေတာ္ရဲ႕လုပ္ရပ္ဟာရက္စက္ၾကမ္းၾကဳတ္တယ္လို႔ေျပာယံုတင္မကဘဲ စနစ္တက်လုပ္တာလို႔ကိုေျပာနိုင္တယ္လို႔ HRW ရဲ႕အာရွေဒသဆိုင္ရာ ညႊန္ၾကားေရးမွဴး Brad Adam ကေျပာပါတယ္။

ARSA ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာအၾကမ္းဖက္အဖြဲ႔က ၾသဂုတ္လ ၂၅ ရက္ေန႔မွာဝင္တုိက္လို႔ ၾသဂုတ္လ ၃၀ ရက္ေန႔ မွာေတာ့ ျမန္မာစစ္သားေတြနဲ႔ လက္နက္ကိုင္ ရခိုင္ရြာသားေတြက တူလာတိုလီကိုေရာက္ခဲ့ၾကတယ္လို႔ ဆိုပါတယ္။ အဲဒီမွာထြက္ေျပးၾကတဲ့ ရြာသားေတြကို ေက်းရြာဥကၠဌက ျမစ္ေဘးမွာလူစုခိုင္းထားၿပီးတဲ့ေနာက္ စစ္သားေတြက သူတို႔ကို ဝုိင္းထားလိုက္ၿပီး၊ အမ်ိဳးသား အမ်ိဳးသမီး သီးျခားစီခြဲလိုက္တဲ့အေၾကာင္း၊ ေနာက္ေတာ့ အမ်ိဳးသားေတြကို ဒူးေထာက္ခိုင္းၿပီး ေသနတ္နဲ႔ပစ္သတ္သလို၊ ဓါးေတြနဲ႔ပါထိုးသတ္တယ္ဆိုတဲ့အေၾကာင္း၊ ၿပီးတဲ့အခါ အေလာင္းေတြ ကို မီးရိႈ႕ေျမျမွဳပ္ၿပီး ေဖ်ာက္ဖ်က္ၾကတဲ့အေၾကာင္း၊ အမ်ိဳးသမီးေတြကိုေတာ့ မုဒိန္းက်င့္ၾကတယ္ဆိုတဲ့အေၾကာင္း HRW ရဲ့ အစီရင္ခံစာမွာေရးထားပါတယ္။

ဒါေၾကာင့္ အဲဒီလုပ္ရပ္အတြက္ ကုလသမဂၢနဲ႔ ႏိုင္ငံတကာအစိုးရေတြက ျပစ္တင္ရႈတ္ခ်ေနရံုနဲ႔ မလုံေလာက္ဘဲ အေရးယူဖို႔ပါ လိုအပ္တယ္လို႔ HRW က ေျပာပါတယ္။

Source : http://www.rfa.org/burmese/news

Could Aung San Suu Kyi face Rohingya genocide charges?

Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein, is determined that the perpetrators of the horrors committed against the Rohingya face justice.

He’s the head of the UN’s watchdog for human rights across the world, so his opinions carry weight.

It could go right to the top – he doesn’t rule out the possibility that civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi and the head of the armed forces Gen Aung Min Hlaing, could find themselves in the dock on genocide charges some time in the future.

Earlier this month, Mr Zeid told the UN Human Rights Council that the widespread and systematic nature of the persecution of the Rohingya in Myanmar (also called Burma) meant that genocide could not be ruled out.

“Given the scale of the military operation, clearly these would have to be decisions taken at a high level,” said the high commissioner, when we met at the UN headquarters in Geneva for BBC Panorama.

That said, genocide is one of those words that gets bandied about a lot. It sounds terrible – the so-called “crime of crimes”. Very few people have ever been convicted of it.

The crime was defined after the Holocaust. Member countries of the newly founded United Nations signed a convention, defining genocide as acts committed with intent to destroy a particular group.

It is not Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein’s job to prove acts of genocide have been committed – only a court can do that. But he has called for an international criminal investigation into the perpetrators of what he has called the “shockingly brutal attacks” against the Muslim ethnic group who are mainly from northern Rakhine in Myanmar.

But the high commissioner recognised it would be a tough case to make: “For obvious reasons, if you’re planning to commit genocide you don’t commit it to paper and you don’t provide instructions.”

“The thresholds for proof are high,” he said. “But it wouldn’t surprise me in the future if a court were to make such a finding on the basis of what we see.”

By the beginning of December, nearly 650,000 Rohingya – around two thirds of the entire population – had fled Myanmar after a wave of attacks led by the army that began in late August.

Hundreds of villages were burned and thousands are reported to have been killed.

There is evidence of terrible atrocities being committed: massacres, murders and mass rapes – as I heard myself when I was in the refugee camps as this crisis began.

What clearly rankles the UN human rights chief is that he had urged Ms Suu Kyi, the de facto leader of Myanmar, to take action to protect the Rohingya six months before the explosion of violence in August.

He said he spoke to her on the telephone when his office published a report in February documenting appalling atrocities committed during an episode of violence that began in October 2016.

“I appealed to her to bring these military operations to an end,” he told me. “I appealed to her emotional standing… to do whatever she could to bring this to a close, and to my great regret it did not seem to happen.”

Ms Suu Kyi’s power over the army is limited, but Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein believes she should have done more to try and stop the military campaign.

He criticised her for failing to use the term “Rohingya”. “To strip their name from them is dehumanising to the point where you begin to believe that anything is possible,” he said – powerful language for a top UN official.

He thought Myanmar’s military was emboldened when the international community took no action against them after the violence in 2016. “I suppose that they then drew a conclusion that they could continue without fear,” he said.

“What we began to sense was that this was really well thought out and planned,” he told me.

The Myanmar government has said the military action was a response to terrorist attacks in August which killed 12 members of the security forces.

But BBC Panorama has gathered evidence that shows that preparations for the continued assault on the Rohingya began well before that.

We show that Myanmar had been training and arming local Buddhists. Within weeks of last year’s violence the government made an offer: “Every Rakhine national wishing to protect their state will have the chance to become part of the local armed police.”

“This was a decision made to effectively perpetrate atrocity crimes against the civilian population,” said Matthew Smith, chief executive of the human rights organisation Fortify Rights which has been investigating the build-up to this year’s violence.

That view is borne out by refugees in the vast camps in Myanmar who saw these volunteers in action, attacking their Rohingya neighbours and burning down their homes.

“They were just like the army, they had the same kind of weapons”, said Mohammed Rafique, who ran a successful business in Myanmar. “They were local boys, we knew them. When the army was burning our houses, torturing us, they were there.”

Meanwhile the Rohingya were getting more vulnerable in other ways.

By the summer food shortages were widespread in north Rakhine – and the government tightened the screws. The programme has learnt that from mid-August the authorities had cut off virtually all food and other aid to north Rakhine.

And the army brought in reinforcements. On 10 August, two weeks before the militant attacks, it was reported that a battalion had been flown in.

The UN human rights representative for Myanmar was so concerned she issued a public warning, urging restraint from the Myanmar authorities.

But when Rohingya militants launched attacks on 30 police posts and an army base, the military response was huge, systematic and devastating.

The BBC asked Aung San Suu Kyi and the head of the Myanmar armed forces for a response. But neither of them has replied.

Almost four months on from those attacks and Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein is concerned the repercussions of the violence are not yet over. He fears this “could just be the opening phases of something much worse”.

He worries jihadi groups could form in the huge refugee camps in Bangladesh and launch attacks in Myanmar, perhaps even targeting Buddhist temples. The result could be what he called a “confessional confrontation” – between Buddhists and Muslims.

It is a frightening thought, as the high commissioner acknowledged, but one he believes Myanmar isn’t taking seriously enough.

“I mean the stakes are so enormous,” he said. “This sort of flippant manner by which they respond to the serious concerns of the international community is really alarming.”

Source : http://www.bbc.com/news

Reuters သတင္းေထာက္ ၂ဦးကို အေရးယူမွု သမၼတ႐ုံး၏ ခြင့္ျပဳခ်က္ပါဟု ဆို

Reuters သတင္းဌာန၏ သတင္းေထာက္ ၂ဦးကို ၁၉၂၃ ခုႏွစ္ အစိုးရ လၽွို႔ဝွက္အက္ဥပေဒ ပုဒ္မ ၃ ျဖင့္ အေရးယူလိုက္ ျခင္းမွာ နိုင္ငံေတာ္ သမၼတ႐ုံး၏ ခြင့္ျပဳခ်က္အရ ျပည္ထဲေရးဝန္ႀကီးဌာနက ေဆာင္ရြက္ျခင္းျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း သတင္းရရွိသည္။

သမၼတ႐ုံး၏ ေျပာခြင့္ရပုဂၢိဳလ္ ဦးေဇာ္ေဌးက “ခြင့္ျပဳခ်က္ ေတာင္းထားတယ္။ ေပးထားတယ္။ အခုစြဲတာ လည္း သမၼတ႐ုံးရဲ့ ခြင့္ျပဳခ်က္နဲ႔ပဲ”ဟု ဧရာဝတီသို႔ အတည္ျပဳေျပာသည္။

Reuters သတင္းေထာက္မ်ားျဖစ္သည့္ ဦးသက္ဦးေမာင္ ေခၚ ဝလုံးႏွင့္ မိုးေအာင္ေခၚ ဦးေက်ာ္စိုးဦး တို႔ကို ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ ေျမာက္ပိုင္း ေမာင္ေတာေဒသတြင္း အၾကမ္းဖက္မွုမ်ားႏွင့္ ပတ္သက္သည့္ အစီအရင္ခံစာ စာရြက္စာတမ္းမ်ား လက္ဝယ္ ေတြ႕ရွိသည္ဆိုကာ ၿပီးခဲ့သည့္ ဒီဇင္ဘာ ၁၂ရက္ေန႔ ည ၁၁နာရီ မိနစ္ ၃၀တြင္ မဂၤလာဒုံၿမိဳ႕နယ္ ေထာက္ၾကန႔္ ရဲစခန္းက ဖမ္းဆီးခဲ့ျခင္းျဖစ္ၿပီး၊ ယင္း ၁၉၂၃ ခုႏွစ္ အစိုးရ လၽွို႔ဝွက္အက္ ဥပေဒ ပုဒ္မ ၃ သည္ ျပစ္မွုထင္ရွားပါက ေထာင္ဒဏ္ ၁၄ႏွစ္ အထိ က်ခံရနိုင္သည္ဟု သိရသည္။

ျပန္ၾကားေရး ဝန္ႀကီးေဟာင္း ဦးရဲထြဋ္ကလည္း သမၼတ ဦးသိန္းစိန္ အစိုးရ လက္ထက္က Unity ဂ်ာနယ္ သတင္းေထာက္ မ်ားကို ဤပုဒ္မမ်ိဳးျဖင့္ အေရးယူစဥ္က ကာကြယ္ေရး ဝန္ႀကီးဌာနသည္ သမၼတထံမွ ခြင့္ျပဳခ်က္ ရယူခဲ့ေၾကာင္း၊ ယခုျဖစ္စဥ္တြင္လည္း တရားစြဲခြင့္ျပဳသည္ဆိုေသာ သမၼတ႐ုံး ၏ ခြင့္ျပဳခ်က္ လိုအပ္ေၾကာင္း မေန႔ညပိုင္းက ထုတ္လႊင့္သည့္ BBC ျမန္မာပိုင္း သတင္းဌာန၏ လြတ္လပ္အေတြး ေဆြးေႏြးဖလွယ္၌ ဝင္ေရာက္ေဆြးေႏြးသြားခဲ့သည္။
ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ ေျမာက္ပိုင္းအေရး သတင္းေရးသားရန္ အားထုတ္ေနေသာ Reuters သတင္းေထာက္ ကိုဝလုံးႏွင့္ ကိုေက်ာ္စိုးဦးတို႔ကို ဖမ္းဆီးရျခင္းမွာ“အေရးႀကီးလုံျခဳံေရး စာရြက္စာတမ္း အေထာက္ အထားမ်ားကို ျပည္ပသတင္းဌာန မ်ားသို႔ ေပးပို႔ရန္ ရည္ရြယ္ခ်က္ျဖင့္ တရားမဝင္ သတင္းရယူ ေဆာင္ရြက္ခဲ့သည္”ဟု ျပန္ၾကားေရး ဝန္ႀကီးဌာနကလည္း ေဖာ္ျပခဲ့သည္။

သို႔ေသာ္ ယင္းထုတ္ျပန္ခ်က္မွာ ျပည္ထဲေရးဝန္ႀကီးဌာနက ေပးပို႔လာခ်က္ကို သတင္းစဥ္ အေနျဖင့္ ထုတ္ျပန္ေပးရျခင္း ျဖစ္ၿပီး ျပန္ၾကားေရး ဝန္ႀကီးဌာနက တည္ေဆာက္သည့္ သတင္းမဟုတ္ေၾကာင္း၊ အမ်ားေဝဖန္ေနသည့္ Reuters သတင္းေထာက္ ၂ ဦး ၏ ဓါတ္ပုံကိစၥမွာလည္း မီဒီယာ က်င့္ဝတ္ႏွင့္ အညီ ေဆာင္ရြက္နိုင္ခဲ့ပါက နစ္နာမွုမ်ား နည္းလိမ့္မည္ ဟု ထင္ျမင္ေၾကာင္း ျပန္ၾကားေရးဝန္ႀကီး ဌာနမွ အျမဲတန္း အတြင္းဝန္ ဦးမ်ိဳးျမင့္ေမာင္က ေျပာသည္။

ဦးမ်ိဳးျမင့္ေမာင္ “ဒါေတြဟာ မွန္တယ္၊ မွားတယ္။ လုပ္သင့္တယ္။ မလုပ္သင့္တယ္ဆိုတာထက္ အဓိက ကေတာ့ သတင္း မီဒီယာ က်င့္ဝတ္နဲ႔ အညီ လုပ္မယ္ဆိုရင္ေတာ့ အေကာင္းဆုံးပဲ။ အဲဒီလို လုပ္မယ္ဆို ရင္ နစ္နာမွုဆိုတာ နည္းသြားတာေပါ့။ က်ေနာ္တို႔ကေတာ့ ဓါတ္ပုံေတြကိုေတာ့ ဘယ္လိုေဖာ္ျပပါဆိုၿပီး အေသးစိတ္ေတာ့ မေျပာဘူး။ ဒါေပမယ့္ အခု ဒီဓါတ္ပုံကိစၥ ကိုလည္း ေဆြးေႏြးေနပါတယ္” ဟု ေျပာသည္။

၁၉၂၃ ခုႏွစ္ အစိုးရ လၽွို႔ဝွက္အက္ဥပေဒ ဖ်က္သိမ္းေရးႏွင့္ သတင္းသမားမ်ား လြတ္လပ္စြာ ေျပာဆို ေရးသားခြင့္ ကာကြယ္ေပးရန္ တင္ျပခဲ့ဖူးသည့္ သဃၤန္းကၽြန္း လႊတ္ေတာ္ အမတ္ေဟာင္း ဦးသိန္းညႊန႔္ က ယင္းျဖစ္စဥ္တြင္ မီဒီယာမ်ားဘက္မွ တင္ျပေနသည့္ သတင္းရယူျခင္းကို အေရးယူလိုပါက သတင္းမီဒီယာဥပေဒျဖင့္ ေဆာင္ရြက္ခိုင္းျခင္းမွာ သဘာဝက်ေသာ္ လည္း တဖက္က စြပ္စြဲထားသည့္ ရခိုင္ေမာင္ေတာေဒသ အၾကမ္းဖက္မွု ျဖစ္စဥ္ႏွင့္ စစ္ဆင္ေရးကိစၥမ်ားကို ေဖာ္ထုတ္ရန္ ဆိုသည့္ အခ်က္ကိုလည္း ထည့္သြင္းစဥ္းစားရမည္ ျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း ေထာက္ျပသည္။

ျမန္မာနိုင္ငံတြင္ သတင္းမီဒီယာမ်ားႏွင့္ သက္ဆိုင္ေသာ အဖြဲ႕အစည္းတခုျဖစ္သည့္ သတင္းမီဒီယာ ေကာင္စီကလည္း ယခု Reuters သတင္းေထာက္မ်ား ဖမ္းခံရသည့္ ျဖစ္စဥ္ကို တုန႔္ျပန္ရန္ ယခုရက္ပိုင္းအတြင္း လွုပ္ရွားမွုတခု ျပဳလုပ္ရန္ စီစဥ္ေနသည္ဟု ေကာင္စီ ေျပာခြင့္ရ ဦးသီဟေစာထံမွ သိရသည္။

Reuters သတင္းေထာက္ေဟာင္း ဦးေအာင္လွထြန္းကမူ “ဒီကိစၥက သာမန္သတင္းေရးသား ေဖာ္ၿပ လို႔ ျဖစ္တာမ်ိဳးနဲ႔ မတူဘူး။ ဒီမွာက Access to Information က ေတာ္ေတာ္ကို နည္းတယ္။ သတင္း အခ်က္အလက္ ရရွိပိုင္ခြင့္က ေတာ္ေတာ္ကို နည္းနည္းတယ္၊ သတင္းအခ်က္အလက္ ရယူဖို႔ ႀကိဳးစား တဲ့ေနရာမွာ ျဖစ္ရတဲ့ အက်ိဳးဆက္ပဲ၊ ဆက္ေစာင့္ ၾကည့္ရမယ္”ဟု ေျပာသည္။

ယခု ျပည္ထဲေရးဝန္ႀကီးဌာနက အေရးယူထားသည့္ Reuters သတင္းေထာက္ ၂ ဦး အမွုႏွင့္ ဆက္စပ္ၿပီး ၎တို႔ သြား ေရာက္ခဲ့သည့္ ေမာင္ေတာေဒသမွ ေက်ာင္းဆရာ ၄ ဦး၊ ရြာသားတဦးတို႔ကို ျမန္မာနိုင္ငံ ရဲတပ္ဖြဲ႕က ေခၚယူစစ္ေဆးေန ေၾကာင္း ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္မွ လာေသာ သတင္းမ်ားအရ သိရသည္။

လက္ရွိတြင္ အဆိုပါ သတင္းေထာက္ ကိုဝလုံးႏွင့္ ကိုေက်ာ္စိုးဦးတို႔ကို ျမန္မာနိုင္ငံ ရဲတပ္ဖြဲ႕က ရန္ကုန္ၿမိဳ႕တြင္ စုံစမ္း စစ္ေဆးေရး အဖြဲ႕တဖြဲ႕က စစ္ေဆးေနၿပီး မိသားစု၊ ေရွ႕ေနတို႔ႏွင့္ ေတြ႕ဆုံခြင့္ မျပဳေသးေၾကာင္း သတင္းရရွိသည္။

ၿပီးခဲ့သည့္ ၾသဂုတ္လအတြင္းကလည္း Reuters သတင္းဌာနအား ရန္ကုန္တြင္ ေျပးဆြဲေနသည့္ YBS ယာဥ္လိုင္းမွ တ႐ုတ္လုပ္ ေမာ္ေတာ္ယာဥ္မ်ား ဝယ္ယူမွု အေပၚ သတင္းေရးသားခဲ့မွုေၾကာင့္ အေရးယူ ေပးရန္ ရန္ကုန္တိုင္း ဝန္ႀကီးခ်ဳပ္ ၿဖိဳးမင္းသိန္းက သတင္းမီဒီယာ ေကာင္စီသို႔ တိုင္ၾကားခဲ့ဖူးသည္။

ျမန္မာ အစိုးရသည္ Reuters သတင္းဌာန၏ ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ အေရး ရပ္တည္ေဖာ္ျပခ်က္မ်ားကို ေမးခြန္းထုတ္မွုမ်ား ရွိခဲ့ၿပီး Reuters သတင္းေထာက္မ်ားကို သတင္းျဖစ္ပြားရာ ေဒသမွာ အာဏာပိုင္ မ်ားႏွင့္ ခ်ိတ္ဆက္ေပးၿပီး သတင္းထုတ္ျပန္နိုင္ ေရး ႀကိဳးစားေပးခဲ့ေသာ္လည္း အစိုးရအသံကို ထည့္သြင္းရန္ ပ်က္ကြက္မွုမ်ား ရွိခဲ့ဖူးေၾကာင္း ဧရာဝတီက သိရွိထားသည္။

ၿပီးခဲ့သည့္ ၾသဂုတ္လ ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ ေျမာက္ပိုင္း ရဲစခန္းမ်ားအား အၾကမ္းဖက္အဖြဲ႕ ARSAက တိုက္ခိုက္ၿပီးေနာက္ပိုင္းတြင္ ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ နိုင္ငံသို႔ သြားေရာက္သတင္းယူခဲ့သည့္ ျမန္မာသတင္း သမား ၂ဦးျဖစ္သည့္ မင္းေဇယ်ာႏွင့္ ခြန္လတ္တို႔ကို သူလၽွိုလုပ္သည္ဟု စြပ္စြဲကာ ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ အစိုးရက ဖမ္းဆီးခဲ့ဖူးသည္။

အလားတူ ျမန္မာနိုင္ငံတြင္လည္း မၾကာေသးမီက TRT World မွ နိုင္ငံျခားသတင္းေထာက္ ၂ ဦး၊ စကားျပန္ႏွင့္ ယာဥ္ေမာင္း တို႔ကို ေနျပည္ေတာ္ရွိ လႊတ္ေတာ္ အေဆာက္အအုံအနီးတြင္ ေမာင္းသူမဲ့ေလယာဥ္ လႊတ္တင္ေသာေၾကာင့္ ေလေၾကာင္းဥပေဒအရ ေထာင္ဒဏ္မ်ား ခ်မွတ္ခံထားသည္။

Source : https://burma.irrawaddy.com

ရခိုင္အေရး စြပ္စြဲေျပာၾကားခ်က္မ်ားအတြက္ တိက်ခိုင္မာသည့္ အေထာက္အထားမ်ားလိုခ်င္ဟု ဦးေဇာ္ေဌးေျပာ

ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္အေရးႏွင့္ ပတ္သက္၍ စြပ္စဲြေျပာၾကားခ်က္ အားလံုးကို ျမန္မာအစိုးရက ျငင္း ပယ္ေနျခင္းမဟုတ္ဘဲ တိက်ခိုင္ မာသည့္ အေထာက္အထားမ်ား လိုခ်င္ေၾကာင္းႏွင့္ အေထာက္အ ထားခိုင္လံုပါက ေျပလည္ေအာင္ ေျဖရွင္းမည္ျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း သမၼတ႐ံုးေျပာခြင့္ရပုဂၢိဳလ္ ဦးေဇာ္ေဌးက ေျပာၾကားသည္။

နယ္စည္းမျခား ဆရာဝန္ မ်ားအဖြဲ႕ (MSF) ၏ ထုတ္ျပန္ခ်က္ ကို ကိုးကား၍ The Guardian သတင္းဌာနက ဒီဇင္ဘာ ၁၄ ရက္တြင္ ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္၌ တစ္လအ တြင္း ဘဂၤါလီ (မူရင္း၌႐ိုဟင္ဂ်ာ ဟုသံုးႏႈန္း) မြတ္စလင္ ၆,၇၀၀ေက်ာ္ သတ္ျဖတ္ခံရေၾကာင္း ေဖာ္ျပမႈအေပၚ ႏုိင္ငံေတာ္သမၼတ႐ံုး ေျပာခြင့္ရပုဂၢိဳလ္က ယင္းသို႔ တံု႔ ျပန္ေျပာၾကားျခင္းျဖစ္သည္။

‘‘ကြၽန္ေတာ္တို႔ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံနဲ႔ ပတ္သက္လို႔၊ ရခိုင္ကိစၥနဲ႔ ပတ္ သက္လို႔ ေျပာခ်င္တယ္၊ ဆိုခ်င္ တယ္၊ ေကာက္ခ်က္ခ်ခ်င္တယ္ ဆိုရင္ သက္ေသအေထာက္အ ထား ခိုင္ခိုင္လံုလံုယူခဲ့ပါ။ အဲဒါကို ကြၽန္ေတာ္တို႔ ရေအာင္ရွင္းမယ္’’ ဟု ဦးေဇာ္ေဌးက ေျပာသည္။

ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ႏိုင္ငံဘက္မွ ဒုကၡသည္မ်ားကို ေမးျမန္းေဖာ္ျပ သည့္ ဇာတ္လမ္းမ်ား၊ စစ္တမ္း မ်ားသည္ မွ်တမႈမရွိဘဲ တစ္ဖက္ သတ္ေကာက္ယူေသာ စစ္တမ္း မ်ားသာျဖစ္ၿပီး ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံဘက္မွ ဒုကၡသည္မ်ားကိုလည္း ေမးျမန္း ရန္လိုအပ္ေၾကာင္း ၎ကဆက္ ေျပာသည္။

ထို႔အျပင္ စြပ္စြဲေျပာၾကား  ခ်က္မ်ားႏွင့္ ပတ္သက္၍ လက္ရွိ အခ်ိန္ထိ မည္သည့္ႏိုင္ငံတကာ အဖြဲ႕အစည္းကမွ် တိက်ခိုင္မာ သည့္ အေထာက္အထားကို မေပးႏိုင္ေၾကာင္း သမၼတ႐ံုး ေျပာခြင့္ရ ပုဂၢိဳလ္က ေျပာသည္။

‘‘အဲဒီေတာ့ ကြၽန္ေတာ္တို႔ ေျပာခ်င္တာက ၆,၇၀၀ ေတြ႕ တယ္။ ဟုတ္လား ၆,၇၀၀ ျဖစ္ႏိုင္ လား။ ျဖစ္ႏိုင္တယ္ဆိုရင္ ဟုတ္ ၿပီ။ ကြၽန္ေတာ္တို႔ကို Talking Story ေတြမေျပာနဲ႔။ အေထာက္ အထားေျပာ။ ဘယ္ေနရာ၊ ဘယ္ ရြာက ဘယ္ႏွေယာက္၊ ဘယ္အ ခ်ိန္၊ ဘယ္သူက အဲဒီဟာေတြက အခုဘယ္မွာေရာက္ေနတယ္။ ဆို လိုတာက အေလာင္းေတြ ၆,၇၀၀ ရွိတယ္။ အေလာင္း ၆,၇၀၀ ဘယ္လိုေဖ်ာက္ပစ္မလဲ။ ဘယ္လိုမွ ေဖ်ာက္ပစ္လို႔မရဘူး’’ ဟု ၎က ဆိုသည္။

နယ္စည္းမျခား ဆရာဝန္ မ်ားအဖြဲ႕ (MSF) စစ္တမ္းတြင္ ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ ေျမာက္ပိုင္း၌ အ သက္(၅)ႏွစ္ေအာက္ ကေလးငယ္ အနည္းဆံုး ၇၃၀ ဦး အပါအဝင္ ဘဂၤါလီမြတ္စလင္ ၆,၇၀၀ ေက်ာ္ ပထမဆံုးတစ္လအတြင္း သတ္ျဖတ္ခံရေၾကာင္း ေဖာ္ျပ သည္။

အဆိုပါသတ္ျဖတ္ခံရသည့္ အေရအတြက္၏ ၆၉ ရာခိုင္ႏႈန္း ကို ေသနတ္ျဖင့္ပစ္သတ္ခဲ့ၿပီး က်န္သူမ်ားကို မီး႐ႈိ႕ျခင္း၊ မေသမခ်င္း ႐ိုက္ႏွက္ျခင္းတို႔ ျပဳလုပ္ေၾကာင္း စစ္တမ္းကဆိုသည္။

သို႔ရာတြင္ သမၼတ႐ံုးေျပာ ခြင့္ရ ပုဂၢိဳလ္ဦးေဇာ္ေဌးက ‘‘တပ္ မေတာ္ကလည္း ေျပာထားၿပီး သား။ ခိုင္ခိုင္လံုလံုေျပာ။ သူတို႔ အေရးယူမယ္ ေျပာထားၿပီးသား။ ကြၽန္ေတာ္တို႔က တပ္ကိုလည္း ကာၿပီးေျပာေနတာ မဟုတ္ဘူး’’ ဟု တုံ႔ျပန္ေျပာၾကားသည္။

ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ေျမာက္ပိုင္း၌ ၾသဂုတ္ ၂၅ ရက္က ျဖစ္ပြားခဲ့သည့္ အၾကမ္းဖက္ တိုက္ခိုက္မႈမ်ားႏွင့္ပတ္သက္၍ တပ္မေတာ္ကနယ္ ေျမတည္ၿငိမ္ေအးခ်မ္းမႈႏွင့္ ထိန္း သိမ္းေရး လုပ္ငန္းမ်ား ေဆာင္ရြက္ရာတြင္ ဥပေဒမဲ့ ေဆာင္ရြက္ခဲ့ျခင္း မရွိေၾကာင္း စစ္ေဆးေတြ႕ရွိရ သည္ဟု တပ္မေတာ္က ႏိုဝင္ဘာ ၁၃ ရက္၌ သတင္းထုတ္ျပန္ထား သည္။

Source : http://www.7daydaily.com

EU leaders call for immediate action to end persecution against Rohingyas

Among other things, the EU urged the Myanmar government to ‘condemn unequivocally all incitement to racial or religious hatred and combat social discrimination and hostilities against the Rohingya minority’

Members of the European Parliament (MEPs)  have called for immediate action to end the “ethnic cleansing” in Myanmar.

According to an official press release on Thursday, the European Parliament has renewed its call “for an immediate end to the violence, to the killing, harassment and rape of Rohingya people and to the destruction of their homes by the Myanmar security forces.”

EU also urged the Myanmar government to “condemn unequivocally all incitement to racial or religious hatred and combat social discrimination and hostilities against the Rohingya minority; work with international aid agencies, the EU and the UN to allow immediate, unhindered humanitarian access to Rakhine State; end the segregation of the Rohingya population; and immediately cease its use of landmines and remove all mines already laid.”

The press release also reveals that the EU thinks that its member states should adopt disciplinary sanctions against the perpetrators of violence and “human rights abuses” in Myanmar.

The MEPs urged for an existing EU arms embargo against Myanmar. They also addressed the EU foreign policy chief “to significantly increase pressure on the Myanmar authorities and security services” to end the persecution and discrimination perpetrated against the Rohingyas.

According to a UN estimate, as of December 9, at least 646,000 Rohingya refugees had entered Bangladesh from the Rakhine state of Myanmar to escape a military crackdown which began on August 25.

Source : http://www.dhakatribune.com

Rohingya crisis is ‘very deliberate genocide’, former UN general Romeo Dallaire says

The former commander of UN peacekeeping forces in Rwanda says the “will to intervene” on the Rohingya crisis is missing.

A world authority on genocide has told Sky News what is happening to Myanmar’s Rohingya Muslims is undoubtedly genocide and the international community must intervene to prevent it.

As commander of UN peacekeeping forces in Rwanda in the early 1990s, Lieutenant General Romeo Dallaire warned that genocide was imminent but was ignored.

As a veteran witness of the mass killings in Rwanda, he has been warning of mass murder being planned in Myanmar, and now for the first time has told the Sky News World View programme that genocide is underway.

History, he says, is repeating itself.

He said: “It’s as if they wrote the same book that the hardliners did in Rwanda and how the international community is reacting is following the same book, and this after the great pieces of work like Responsibility to Protect which we’re all afraid to implement and operationalise.”

:: Explained – The Rohingya refugee crisis

Responsibility to Protect was a UN-backed international agreement to prevent genocide happening again.

General Dallaire believes it has been discarded in the wake of the Rohingya crisis.

The UN has condemned Myanmar’s military operation against the Rohingya as “ethnic cleansing”.

The country’s authorities have been severely criticised for the attacks on the minority group in Rakhine State but criticisms have fallen short of using the word ‘genocide’.

:: Why is the Rohingya crisis not classed as genocide?

Under international treaties, countries are obliged to intervene in cases of genocide, but there has been little appetite for interventio

This is despite a programme of killings, mass rape, forcible displacement and the systematic burning of Rohingya villages. As many as a million Rohingyas have been forced to flee.

As Sky News reported earlier this month, thousands remain stranded on beaches and the land behind them has been mined by Myanmar’s military.

General Dallaire says he has seen the same methods used before.

He told Sky News: “You’re into the mist of a very slow moving and very deliberate genocide, there is no doubt in my military mind that the way they’re operating, the way they’re conducting, the way they’re using their forces.

“The way the government is camouflaging it.

“They’re all very significant indicators of genocide in operation. They want to wipe them out and they’ve said that’s what they operating to do”.

He is calling for an international military intervention to prevent and reverse the genocide and says where there is sufficient international will there should be a way.

General Dallaire said: “We put 60, 70 thousand people in ex-Yugoslavia. Why can’t we do that there?

“They’re more people being killed and martyred, more internally displaced refugees than there was in the whole Yugoslav campaign so it is purely will to intervene which is missing.”

General Dallaire is not the only one to have warned of imminent genocide being planned in Myanmar against the Rohingya.

Academics at London’s Queen Mary University have been writing to the British Government since 2014 advising all the precursors of genocide were present.

Source : https://news.sky.com