Civil Rights Movement

Civil Rights Movement

  • လူ႔အခြင့္အေရးခ်ဳိးေဖာက္သူမ်ားကို အေရးယူမည္ဟု လံုၿခံဳေရးေကာင္စီတြင္ ျမန္မာသံအမတ္ေျပာ

    လူ႔အခြင့္အေရးခ်ဳိးေဖာက္မႈ စြပ္စြဲခ်က္ေတြနဲ႔ပတ္သက္ၿပီး သက္ေသအေထာက္အထား အခုိင္အမာရွိရင္ ေဖာက္ဖ်က္က်ဴးလြန္သူေတြကို  တရားဥပေဒအရ အေရးယူသြားမယ္လို႔ ကုလသမဂၢဆိုင္ရာ ျမန္မာသံအမတ္ႀကီး  ဦးေဟာက္ဒိုစြမ္းက ေျပာပါတယ္။ ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္က ထြက္ေျပးသြားတဲ့ မြတ္ဆလင္အမ်ဳိးသမီးေတြအေပၚ လိင္ပိုင္းဆိုင္ရာ အၾကမ္းဖက္မႈေတြ ရွိခဲ့တယ္ဆိုၿပီး ဒီဇင္ဘာ ၁၂ ရက္က က်င္းပတဲ့ ကုလသမဂၢ လံုၿခံဳေရးေကာင္စီ အစည္းအေဝးမွာ ေျပာၾကားခဲ့တဲ့အေပၚRead More

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  • သတင္းေထာက္ေတြကို ခ်က္ျခင္း ျပန္လႊတ္ဖို႔ ရိုက္တာေတာင္းဆို

    ရိုက္တာ သတင္းေထာက္ ႏွစ္ေယာက္ အဂၤါေန႔ ည ေနပိုင္းတုန္းက ရန္ကုန္မွာ အဖမ္း ခံခဲ့ရတဲ့ ျဖစ္ရပ္ရဲ့ ေနာက္ဆက္တြဲ ဂယက္ေတြ အႀကီးအက်ယ္ ထြက္ေပၚ ေနပါတယ္။ ရိုက္တာ သတင္းေထာက္ ႏွစ္ေယာက္ ျဖစ္တဲ့ ကိုဝလုံးနဲ႔ ကိုေက်ာ္စိုးဦး တို႔ဟာ ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ ထဲက လုံျခဳံေရးRead More

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L A T E S T   P O S T S

UN Chief Says Violence Against Myanmar’s Rohingya Must End

UNITED NATIONS — Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said Friday it is “an absolutely essential priority” to stop all violence against Myanmar’s Rohingya Muslims, allow them to return to their homes, and grant them legal status.

The U.N. chief told reporters Friday that the U.N. is also insisting on “unhindered humanitarian access” to all areas of northern Rakhine state, where more than 600,000 Rohingya lived before fleeing to Bangladesh.

Guterres is leaving Friday night for Europe and Asia, where he will attend a joint summit between the U.N. and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations which is certain to address the plight of the Rohingya. Myanmar’s leader Aung San Suu Kyi, a Nobel Peace Prize laureate who has faced growing international condemnation over violence against the Rohingya, is expected to attend the meeting in the Philippines from Nov. 10-14.

Buddhist-majority Myanmar doesn’t recognize the Rohingya as an ethnic group, insisting they are Bengali migrants from Bangladesh living illegally in the country. It has denied them citizenship, leaving them stateless.

The latest violence began with a series of attacks Aug. 25 by Rohingya insurgents. Myanmar security forces responded with a scorched-earth campaign against Rohingya villages that the U.N. and human rights groups have criticized as a campaign of ethnic cleansing.

“What has happened is an immense tragedy,” Guterres said, “and the levels of violence and the atrocities committed are something that we cannot be silent about.”

“We insist on the need to make sure not only that all violence against this population stops, but also … we insist on the need to reassert the right of return,” he said.

The secretary-general said the Rohingya must be able to return voluntarily, in safety and dignity, to the areas they came from and not be placed in camps.

Guterres said the root causes of the discrimination that has left the Rohingya stateless, such as their legal status, must also be addressed.

He has previously urged Myanmar’s government to give the Rohingya citizenship, or at least legal recognition, so they can move freely, get jobs and an education, and receive health care.

“We’ll go on engaging in all possible domains for these objectives to be finally achieved,” the secretary-general said.

Guterres applauded a presidential statement which strongly condemned the violence against the Rohingya and was approved unanimously by the Security Council on Monday, calling it “an important step forward.”

The statement called on Myanmar’s government to “ensure no further excessive use of military force in Rakhine state” and take immediate steps to respect human rights.

It was the strongest council pronouncement on Myanmar in nearly 10 years, and reflected widespread international concern at the plight of the Rohingya.

Source : https://www.nytimes.com

OIC seeks UNSC intervention over Rohingya Muslims killings

Jeddah, (IINA) – Secretary General of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) Dr. Yousef A. Al-Othaimeen voiced deep concern over the renewed outbreak of violence targeting the Rohingya Muslim community in Rakhine state of Myanmar.

He delivered this in separate letters addressed to UN Secretary General António Guterres and leader and State Counsellor of Myanmar Aung San Suu Kyi.
Referring to the indiscriminate use of force against the civilian population in Rakhine, which had led to miserable situation affecting a huge number of civilians across the region,Dr. Al-Othaimeen reiterated OIC’s appeal to the United Nations to continue exerting pressure on Myanmar to end the violence and restore to the Rohingya their basic rights.
He also expressed the hope that the United Nations Security Council could urgently and efficiently address the issue. The Secretary General voiced the OIC’s concern to Suu Kyi over the situation in Rakhine State and called upon the authorities to immediately cease the violence, restore the displaced persons to their homes, and allow humanitarian aid agencies to assist the affected people.
The secretary general further noted that the current crisis has the potential of destabilizing the entire region unless the core issues of inequality, justice, and citizenship are resolved.
Source : https://timesofislamabad.com/

Pretence won’t work, Canadian envoy Bob Rae tells Myanmar State Counselor Suu Kyi

Amid widespread international criticism for failing to address the issue of displaced Rohingya refugees, Canada’s newly-appointed special envoy has said Myanmar State Counselor Aung San Suu Kyi’s “pretence will not help to resolve the ongoing crisis.

“… I will tell her (Suu Kyi) that it isn’t going to work to just pretend that it didn’t happen and it isn’t going to work to say that two sides fighting and that’s too bad,” Bob Rae, also the former Ontario premier and prominent Liberal politician of Canada, said in an interview with CTV News while visiting Rohingya camps in Cox’s Bazar of Bangladesh.

READ more: Responsibility lies with Myanmar

Thousands still are crossing the border and taking refuge in Bangladesh on a daily basis.

“These people all have been forced to leave their homes and many more are left behind in Myanmar and its clear now many have also died, so we need to talk about that, get more and more evidence and information,” said Rae in the interview.

He said it is quite “hard” and “overwhelming” for him as what he has witnesses and experienced in his visit to the refugee camps in Cox’s Bazar, adding that “it will take quite a lot of time to really digest the full impact of what we have seen”.
CTV News, a Canada-based news agency, published a video of the interview on its website yesterday.

“People are so deeply traumatised and hurt by what’s happened,” said Rae, who was appointed special envoy to Myanmar on October 23.

Without cameras and staff present, Rae met with 12 Rohingya women who shared their experiences in Myanmar’s Rakhine state. He says the refugees detailed horrific violence including sexual assault, aerial bombings, beheadings and attacks on children with machetes. Rae says the nature of these harrowing stories has been consistent, CTV News reports.

Source : http://www.thedailystar.net

US wants talks on Rohingya crisis but sanctions possible

The US wants a diplomatic solution to the Rohingya crisis but is not ruling out sanctions to pressure Myanmar if needed, a senior State Department official said Sunday in Bangladesh.

Thomas Shannon, under secretary of state for political affairs, said solving the humanitarian crisis through dialogue with Myanmar was top priority but the door remained open for tougher measures should engagement fail.

“We have a variety of sanctions available to us should we decide to use them. This will be a part of larger efforts of pressure,” Shannon told reporters after meeting officials in Dhaka.

“But right now, as I noted earlier, our purpose is to solve the problem, not to punish.”

His comments come just days after US lawmakers proposed sanctions against Myanmar’s military in some of the strongest efforts yet by Washington to pressure Myanmar to end abusive treatment of its Rohingya Muslim minority.

More than 600,000 mainly Rohingya refugees have fled a military-led campaign of violence in Buddhist-majority Myanmar likened by the United Nations to ethnic cleansing.

Refugees are still streaming across the border from Myanmar’s Rakhine state into neighbouring Bangladesh, where hundreds of thousands of displaced Rohingya have settled in squalid camps since late August.

Shannon noted some “positive movements”, including Myanmar signalling it was open to hosting members of the international community in Rakhine and holding talks with Bangladesh about the crisis.

The US wanted to “capture” that progress and drive it towards a resolution without having to resort to other means, he added.

“We are going to pursue a diplomatic solution to this problem until we can no longer pursue it,” he said.

For decades the Rohingya have faced persecution in Myanmar, where they are denied citizenship and denigrated as illegal “Bengali” immigrants.

Myanmar says the military crackdown was in response to deadly attacks by insurgents claiming to be fighting for the Rohingya minority.

Source : http://www.dailymail.co.uk

US official: Rohingya should be returned safely to Myanmar

DHAKA, Bangladesh (AP) – A U.S. official visiting Bangladesh said Saturday that Rohingya Muslims should be returned safely to their homes in Myanmar after they were forced to flee the country amid a brutal crackdown by Myanmar security forces.

Simon Henshaw, acting assistant secretary for the U.S. Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration, said the U.S. would continue to support Rohingya who have fled to Bangladesh because of persecution in Myanmar’s Rakhine state.

He said at a news conference in Bangladesh’s capital, Dhaka, that Myanmar must ensure a safe and stable environment so that the Rohingya can return home.

More than 600,000 Rohingya have crossed into Bangladesh since late August amid a crackdown that the U.N. has called “ethnic cleansing.”

Henshaw, who visited Rohingya refugee camps in Bangladesh’s Cox’s Bazar district on Friday, said that the Rohingya crisis was a complex one and that the U.S. would continue to encourage dialogue for resolving it.

He said Myanmar must take responsibility for the refugees’ repatriation and that the U.S. wants speedy efforts to bring stability to Rakhine.

Henshaw praised Bangladesh’s government and its people for supporting the refugees.

Heather Nauert, a spokeswoman for the U.S. State Department, told the news conference that the Rohingya crisis was getting the “top attention” not only in the State Department but in the White House.

She said the U.S. was working so that Rohingya can return to their homes voluntarily and with dignity.

Bangladesh says it has sheltered the refugees only temporarily and they must go back to Myanmar.

Source : http://www.dailymail.co.uk

၀န္ႀကီး Tillerson ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံသြားမည္

အေမရိကန္ႏုိင္္ငံျခားေရး၀န္ႀကီး Rex Tillerson ဟာ ႏို၀င္ဘာလလယ္မွာ ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံကို သြားေရာက္မယ့္အေၾကာင္း အေမရိကန္္ ႏုိင္ငံျခားေရးဌာနက ႏို၀င္ဘာလ ၂ ရက္၊ ၾကာသပေတးေန႔ရက္စြဲနဲ႔ ထုတ္ျပန္ခ်က္တခုမွာ ေဖာ္ျပထားပါတယ္။

ေနျပည္ေတာ္ကို ႏုိ၀င္ဘာလ ၁၅ ရက္ေန႔မွာ ေရာက္လာမယ့္ ၀န္ႀကီး Tillerson ဟာ ျမန္မာအစိုးရအဖြဲ႔ ထိပ္တန္းေခါင္းေဆာင္ ေတြ၊ အႀကီးတန္းတာ၀န္ရွိသူေတြနဲ႔ ေတြ႔ဆံုၿပီး ရခုိင္ျပည္နယ္က လူသားေဘးဒုကၡဆိုင္ရာ အက်ပ္အတည္းကို ကုိင္တြယ္ေျဖရွင္း ေရး လုပ္ေဆာင္ခ်က္ေတြ၊ ျမန္မာႏုိင္္ငံ ဒီမိုကေရစီအသြင္ကူးေျပာင္းေရးအေပၚ အေမရိကန္ရဲ႕ ပံ့ပိုးကူညီမႈနဲ႔ပတ္သက္ၿပီး ေဆြးေႏြး မယ္လုိ႔ ထုတ္ျပန္ခ်က္မွာ ေျပာထားပါတယ္။

၀န္ႀကီး Tillerson ရဲ႕ အခုခရီးစဥ္ဟာ သမၼတ ေဒၚနယ္လ္ဒ္ ထရမ့္ပ္ အစိုးရအဖြဲ႔ တက္လာၿပီးေနာက္ပိုင္း အေမရိကန္အစိုးရအဖြဲ႔ ထဲက ျမန္မာႏုိင္္ငံကိုလာေရာက္တဲ့ အဆင့္အျမင့္ဆံုးတာ၀န္ရွိသူရဲ႕ခရီးစဥ္ ျဖစ္ပါလိမ့္မယ္။

ရခုိုင္ျပည္နယ္မွာ အၾကမ္းဖက္အေျခအေနေတြျဖစ္ၿပီး ဒုကၡသည္ေတြ ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ႏုိင္ငံ ဘက္ ထြက္ေျပးရၿပီးေနာက္ပိုင္း စက္တင္ဘာလ ၁၉ ရက္ေန႔မွာ ၀န္ႀကီး Tillerson က ႏုိင္ငံေတာ္အတိုင္ပင္ခံပုဂၢိဳလ္ ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္ကို တယ္လီဖုန္းနဲ႔ ဆက္သြယ္ၿပီး စကားေျပာခဲ့ပါတယ္။

ဒါ့အျပင္ လြန္ခဲ့တဲ့သီတင္းတပတ္ ေအာက္တိုဘာလ ၂၆ ရက္ေန႔ကလဲ တပ္မေတာ္ ကာကြယ္ေရးဦးစီးခ်ဳပ္ ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္မွဴးႀကီး မင္းေအာင္လိႈင္ကို တယ္လီဖုန္းနဲ႔ဆက္သြယ္ၿပီး ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္က အေျခအေနေတြအေပၚ စိုးရိမ္တဲ့အေၾကာင္းနဲ႔ ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္မွာ အၾကမ္းဖက္အေျခအေနေတြ အဆံုးသတ္ေရး အစိုးရရဲ႕ လုပ္ေဆာင္ခ်က္ေတြကို လံုျခံဳေရးတပ္ဖြဲ႔ေတြဘက္က ပံ့ပိုးကူညီဖို႔ တိုက္တြန္းခဲ့ပါေသးတယ္။

၀န္ႀကီး Tillerson ဟာ သမၼတထရမ့္ပ္နဲ႔အတူ ဂ်ပန္၊ ေတာင္ကိုရီးယား၊ တ႐ုတ္၊ ဗီယက္နမ္နဲ႔ ဖိလစ္ပိုင္ခရီးစဥ္ ေတြမွာ အတူလုိက္ပါၿပီးတဲ့ေနာက္ ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံကို ခရီးဆက္မွာျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

Source : https://burmese.voanews.com

႐ိုဟင္ဂ်ာအေရး အေမရိကန္ ကူညီေျဖရွင္းဖို႔ ႀကိဳးပမ္း

ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာ ဒုကၡသည္အေရး ကူညီေျဖရွင္းဖို႔ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံကို ၃ ရက္ၾကာ ခရီးစဥ္အျဖစ္ ေရာက္ရွိေနတဲ့ အေမရိကန္ ယာယီ လက္ေထာက္ႏုိင္္ငံျခားေရး၀န္ႀကီး Simon Henshaw ဦးေဆာင္တဲ့ သံကိုယ္စားလွယ္ အဖြဲ႔ဟာ ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ကို မေန႔က သြားေရာက္ခဲ့ၿပီးေနာက္ ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ႏိုင္ငံကို ဆက္လက္ ထြက္ခြာသြားၿပီ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

ကမၻာေပၚမွာ လူသားခ်င္း စာနာမႈဆိုင္ရာ အက်ပ္အတည္း အႀကီးမားဆံုးျဖစ္လာတဲ့ ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာ ဒုကၡသည္အေရးနဲ႔ ပတ္သက္လို႔ ဒီမိုကေရစီ ႏုနယ္ေသးတဲ့ ျမန္မာအစိုးရနဲ႔ ေဆြးေႏြးၿပီး လိုအပ္တဲ့ အကူအညီေပးမွာ ျဖစ္သလို ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ ေျမာက္ပိုင္း လူ႔အခြင့္အေရး ခ်ဳိးေဖာက္မႈအေပၚ တာ၀န္ရွိသူေတြကို ပစ္မွတ္ထား အေရးယူမွာျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း အေမရိကန္ ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရးဌာန ေျပာခြင့္ရအမ်ဳိးသမီး Heather Nauret က ေျပာၾကားခဲ့ပါတယ္။ မအင္ၾကင္းႏိုင္က အျပည့္အစံုကို တင္ျပမွာပါ။

လူဦးေရ၊ ဒုကၡသည္နဲ႔ ေရႊ႕ေျပာင္းေနထိုင္ျခင္း ဆိုင္ရာ ယာယီ လက္ေထာက္ ႏုိင္္ငံျခားေရး၀န္ႀကီး Simon Henshaw ဦးေဆာင္တဲ့ အဆင့္ျမင့္ အေမရိကန္ အစိုးရကိုယ္စားလွယ္အဖဲြ႔ရဲ႕ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ ခရီးစဥ္နဲ႔ ပတ္သက္လို႔ အေမရိကန္ ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရးဌာန ေျပာခြင့္ရအမ်ဳိးသမီး Heather Nauret က မေန႔ အဂၤါေန႔က အေမရိကန္ ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရးဌာနမွာ ျပဳလုပ္တဲ့ ပံုမွန္သတင္းစာရွင္းလင္းပဲြအတြင္း အခုလိုေျပာပါတယ္။

“ကိုယ္စားလွယ္အဖြဲ႕ဟာ ခရီးစဥ္ ပထမ ရပ္နားရာ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ ခရီးစဥ္ ၿပီးဆံုးခါနီးပါၿပီ။ သူတို႔ေတြဟာ ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာေတြအျပင္ ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ လူ႔အဖြဲ႕အစည္း ေခါင္းေဆာင္ေတြနဲ႔ ေတြ႔ဆံုခဲ့ပါတယ္။ ဒါ့အျပင္ အိုးအိမ္စြန္႔ခြာထြက္ေျပးခဲ့ၾကသူေတြေနထိုင္တဲ့ စခန္းကိုလည္း သြားေရာက္ခဲ့ပါတယ္။ အစိုးရအျပင္ အရပ္ဖက္ အဖြဲ႕စည္းေခါင္းေဆာင္ေတြနဲ႔ ေတြ႔ဆံုခဲ့ပါတယ္။ ကိုယ္စားလွယ္အဖြဲ႕ဟာ ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ကို ခရီးဆက္မွာျဖစ္ၿပီး အဲဒီမွာ Cox’s Bazar မွာရွိတဲ့ ဒုကၡသည္ေတြကို သြားေရာက္ေတြ႕ဆံုဖို႔ရွိပါတယ္။”

ကိုယ္စားလွယ္ အဖဲြ႔ဟာ ရခုိင္ျပည္နယ္ အက်ပ္အတည္းကေန ေပၚေပါက္လာတဲ့ လူသားဆိုင္ရာနဲ႔ လူ႔အခြင့္အေရး ဆိုင္ရာ စိုးရိမ္ဖြယ္ အေျခအေနေတြကို ေျဖရွင္းေရးနဲ႔ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံက အိုးအိမ္စြန္႔ ထြက္ေျပးရသူေတြ အတြက္ လူသားခ်င္း စာနာမႈ အကူအညီေတြ တိုးျမွင့္ေပးႏိုင္ေရး နည္းလမ္းရွာေဖြဖို႔ ျမန္မာအစိုးရ တာ၀န္ရွိသူေတြ အပါအ၀င္ လူမႈအကူအညီေပးေရး အဖဲြ႔အစည္းေတြနဲ႔ ေတြ႕ဆံုခဲ့သလို စစ္ေတြ ဒုကၡသည္စခန္းကိုလည္း သြားေရာက္ၾကည့္ရွဳခဲ့တယ္လို႔ Heather Nauret ကေျပာပါတယ္။

“အေမရိကန္ကိုယ္စားလွယ္ အဖြဲ႕ဟာ ရန္ကုန္နဲ႔ ေနျပည္ေတာ္ကို သြားေရာက္ခဲ့ပါတယ္။ သံတမန္အဖြဲ႕ရဲ႕ ခရီးစဥ္ အဓိက ရည္ရြယ္ခ်က္က အစိုးရအျပင္ အျခားအေထာက္ကူေပးတဲ့ အဖြဲ႕ေတြနဲ႔ လက္တြဲေဆာင္ရြက္ဖို႔ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ သူတို႔ေတြရဲ႕ အေတြ႔အႀကံဳအေၾကာင္းေတြ ၾကားသိႏိုင္ဖို႔၊ သူတို႔လိုအပ္တဲ့ ပစၥည္းကိရိယာေတြအျပင္ လူသားခ်င္းစာနာမႈ အစီအစဥ္ေတြကို ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံမွာ အကူအညီလိုအပ္သူေတြကို ေပးႏိုင္ဖို႔ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ သိတဲ့အတိုင္းပါပဲ ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာ ၆ သိန္းေလာက္ အိုးအိမ္စြန္႔ခြာထြက္ေျပးခဲ့ၾကရၿပီး အမ်ားအျပားဟာ အိမ္နီးခ်င္းႏိုင္ငံ ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ကို ေရာက္ခဲ့ၾကတာျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ လက္ေထာက္ ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရး၀န္ႀကီး Henshaw အေနနဲ႔ ေနာက္ တရက္ ႏွစ္ရက္မွာ ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ကို သြားေရာက္မွာျဖစ္ၿပီး အခ်ိန္ရသေလာက္ သူတို႔တေတြနဲ႔ ေတြ႕ဆံုဖို႔လည္းရွိပါတယ္။ ”

အေမရိကန္ ကိုယ္စားလွယ္ အဖဲြ႔ရဲ႕ ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ ခရီးစဥ္ဟာ ႏို၀င္ဘာလ ၄ ရက္ေန႔အထိ ၾကာျမင့္မွာျဖစ္ၿပီး ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ အစိုးရအဖြဲ႔ အႀကီးတန္း တာ၀န္ရွိသူေတြ၊ အလွဴရွင္ေတြ၊ လူသားစာနာမႈ အကူအညီေပး အဖြဲ႔ေတြနဲ႔ ေတြ႔ဆံုၿပီး ဒုကၡသည္ေတြအတြက္ အေရးေပၚ လိုအပ္ခ်က္ေတြကို ထိေရာက္စြာ ျဖည့္ဆည္းေပးႏုိင္ေရး အေျခအေနေတြကို ေဆြးေႏြးဖို႔ရွိေၾကာင္း အေမရိကန္ ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရးဌာနရဲ႕ ေအာက္တိုဘာလ ၂၉ ရက္ေန႔ ေၾကညာခ်က္မွာ ေဖၚျပထားပါတယ္။

ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ ေျမာက္ပိုင္းမွာ ျမန္မာလံုၿခံဳေရးတပ္ေတြ အင္အားသံုးၿပီး နယ္ေျမရွင္းလင္းမႈေၾကာင့္ ၂ လအတြင္း ဒုကၡသည္ေပါင္း သန္းတ၀က္ေက်ာ္ တဖက္ ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ႏိုင္ငံဘက္ ထြက္ေျပးခိုလႈံခဲ့ရတဲ့ အေျခအေနအေပၚ အေမရိကန္ ျပည္ေထာင္စု အေနနဲ႔ အလြန္အမင္း စိုးရိမ္မကင္း ျဖစ္မိေၾကာင္းနဲ႔ အၾကမ္းဖက္မႈမွာ တာ၀န္ရွိတဲ့ လူပုဂၢိဳလ္၊ အဖဲြ႔အစည္းေတြကို ပစ္မွတ္ထား အေရးယူမွာျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း ၿပီးခဲ့တဲ့ သတင္းပတ္တြင္း အေမရိကန္ႏုိင္ငံျခားေရးဌာန၊ အေရွ႕အာရွနဲ႔ ပစိဖိတ္ေရးရာ ဒုလက္ေထာက္ ႏုိင္ငံျခားေရး၀န္ႀကီး Patrick Murphy ကေျပာၾကားခဲ့ပါတယ္။ အဲဒီေနာက္မွာ အခုလို အဆင့္ျမင့္ အေမရိကန္ အစိုးရကိုယ္စားလွယ္အဖဲြ႔ရဲ႕ျမန္မာနဲ႔ ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ႏိုင္ငံ ခရီးစဥ္ ထြက္ေပၚလာတာ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

အခုတေခါက္ ခရီးစဥ္မွာ ျမန္မာ တပ္မေတာ္ဘက္က ေခါင္းေဆာင္ေတြနဲ႔ ေတြ႕ဆံုခဲ့ဲျခင္း မရွိခဲ့ေၾကာင္း Heather Nauret ကဆိုပါတယ္။ ဒါေၾကာင့္ လက္ရွိ ျမန္မာနဲ႔ အေမရိကန္ ဆက္ဆံေရး အေျခအေနနဲ႔ ပတ္သက္လို႔ Heather Nauret က သတင္းေထာက္ေတြကို အခုလိုေျပာသြားပါတယ္။

“ျမန္မာအစိုးရအေပၚ ဖိအားေပးမွာကေတာ့ အမွန္ပါပဲ။ ၿပီးခဲ့တဲ့ သတင္းပတ္ေႏွာင္းပိုင္းက အေမရိကန္က ခ်မွတ္တဲ့ ဒဏ္ခတ္ပိတ္ဆို႔မႈေတြကို ထုတ္ျပန္ခဲ့ၿပီးျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ အေတာ္ေလးလည္း ရွည္လ်ားပါတယ္။ ဒါ့ေၾကာင့္ ဒါဟာ ဘက္စံု အေရးယူေဆာင္ရြက္တဲ့ နည္း အျဖစ္ က်မတို႔ ယူဆပါတယ္။ အဲဒီနည္းရဲ႕ တစိတ္တပိုင္းအျဖစ္ အစိုးရနဲ႔ ေဆြးေႏြးဖို႔၊ အစိုးရအေနနဲ႔ တက္သစ္စ ဒီမိုကေရစီက်င့္သံုးေနတာျဖစ္တဲ့အတြက္ေၾကာင့္လည္း အကူအညီလိုအပ္ေနတယ္ဆိုတာကိုလည္း အသိအမွတ္ျပဳရမွာျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ အေမရိကန္ရဲ႕ စိုးရိမ္မကင္းျဖစ္မႈေတြ ႀကီးမားတာကိုလည္း အသိေပးခဲ့ၿပီးျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာအေရးနဲ႔ ပတ္သက္ၿပီးေတာ့ အေမရိကန္ႏိုင္ငံတြင္းမွာ ေဆြးေႏြးမႈေတြ ျပဳလုပ္ခဲ့သလို အေမရိကန္ကိုယ္စားလွယ္အဖြဲ႕ေတြလည္း အဲဒီေဒသကို ခရီးထြက္ခဲ့ၿပီး ကိုယ္တိုင္ျမင္ေတြ႔ ၾကားသိႏိုင္ဖို႔လည္း ႀကိဳးစားခဲ့ၾကတဲ့အေၾကာင္းေတြကိုလည္း သိၿပီး ျဖစ္ၾကမွာပါ။”

ယာယီ လက္ေထာက္ ႏုိင္္ငံျခားေရး၀န္ႀကီး Mr. Henshaw နဲ႔အတူ ဒီမုိကေရစီ၊ လူ႔အခြင့္အေရးနဲ႔ အလုပ္အကိုင္ဆိုင္ရာ ဗ်ဴ႐ို ဒုလက္ေထာက္၀န္ႀကီး Scott Busby ၊ ေတာင္နဲ႔ ဗဟိုအာရွေဒသ ေရးရာဌာန ယာယီ ဒုလက္ေထာက္၀န္ႀကီး Tom Vajda နဲ႔ အေရွ႕အာရွနဲ႔ ပစိဖိတ္ေရးရာဗ်ဴ႐ို၊ ႐ံုးၫႊန္ၾကားေရးမွဴး Patricia Mahoney တို႕လည္း လိုက္ပါသြားခဲ့ၾကပါတယ္။

၃ ရက္ၾကာ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံခရီးစဥ္အတြင္း လက္ေထာက္ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရး၀န္ႀကီး Simon Henshaw ဦးေဆာင္တဲ့ အေမရိကန္ ကိုယ္စားလွယ္အဖဲြ႔ဟာ လူမႈ၀န္ထမ္း၊ ကယ္ဆယ္ေရးနဲ႔ ျပန္လည္ေနရာခ်ထားေရး ဒုတိယ၀န္ႀကီး ဦးစိုးေအာင္နဲ႔ မေန႔က ေတြ႕ဆံုရာမွာ ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ႏိုင္ငံ ဘက္ကို ထြက္ေျပးသြားတဲ့ ဒုကၡသည္ေတြကို ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံက ျပန္လည္ လက္ခံေရးမွာ အေမရိကန္ျပည္ေထာင္စုက အကူအညီေပးႏိုင္တဲ့ ကိစၥရပ္ေတြကို ေဆြးေႏြးခဲ့ေၾကာင္း ျမန္မာအစိုးရဘက္က သတင္း ထုတ္ျပန္ထားပါတယ္။

Source : https://burmese.voanews.com

Tatmadaw, Sangha and government must work together, Sitagu Sayadaw says in sermon to officers

YANGON —One of Myanmar’s most revered monastic leaders has told Tatmadaw officers that the country’s armed forces, government and Buddhist clergy must work together for the stability of the country.

During a Monday sermon at the Bayintnaung garrison and military training school in Kayin State, Sitagu Sayadaw held a wide-ranging discussion peppered with oblique references current affairs in Myanmar.

“The King and people must unite, the Tatmadaw and Sangha must unite like a chair with four pillars,” said the monk, also known by his monastic name Sayadaw Ashin Nyanissara.

Hundreds of officers were in attendance during the sermon, which was broadcast live and watched by over a quarter of a million people.

While on the dais, Sitagu Sayadaw relayed the parable of King Dutugemunu in Sri Lanka, occasionally used in Buddhist sermons by monks across the country.

Known in Myanmar as the story of the “King and Kyay Kalar”, the fable concludes with the absolving of Dutugemunu’s sins by the country’s Buddhist clergy. The king’s interlocutors tell him that the untold numbers of people who were killed during his battles with the Hindu Tamil community added up only to one and a half lives, because they did not obey the five precepts of Buddhism

“Don’t worry King, it’s a little bit of sin. Don’t worry,” Sitagu Sayadaw said during his rendition of the story. “Despite that you killed millions of people, they were only one and a half real human beings.”

Sitagu Sayadaw momentarily distanced himself from the parable, telling his audience: “I’m not saying that, monks from Sri Lanka said that.” He then urged those present to heed the lesson of the parable in the course of their duties.

“Our soldiers should bear that in mind and should serve in the military, I would urge,” he concluded.

One of Myanmar’s most prominent and internationally-recognised monks, Sitagu Sayadaw has received numerous accolades during his monastic career, including several honorary doctorates from universities across the region.

The government of State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi recently bestowed upon him the title “Honourable, Excellent and Great Teacher of Country and the State” in recognition of his scholarly work.

In recent years Sitagu Sayadaw has been associated with Buddhist hardline group Ma Ba Tha, speaking at the organisation’s public conferences and professing support for the group’s goals while denying any formal role in the organisation.

Working with the Htoo Foundation in September, Sitagu Sayadaw dispatched aid to ethnic Rakhine locals displaced by militant attacks on security posts in Maungdaw district the previous month.

Source : https://frontiermyanmar.net

Prof Urges Students to Consider Oppression of The Rohingya

The Rohingya crisis has been termed a “textbook example of ethnic cleansing” and one of the worst humanitarian disasters of this decade. At Cornell, organizations will be rallying to raise awareness about the crisis in November, but students were able to hear about it firsthand from Prof. Gayatri Spivak, English and comparative literature, Columbia, on Monday.

The Rohingya are a stateless Indo-Aryan, dominantly Muslim people living in Myanmar. They are persecuted in a country where Buddhism is the prevalent religion, and they are even denied citizenship.

Spivak, an activist for rural education in Asia, first encountered the Rohingya in Bangladesh in the 1980s, where she said she saw them being shot at as they attempted to cross the Naf River, which marks the boundary between Bangladesh and Myanmar.

“I have never seen human beings so degraded by oppression, so robbed of dignity,” Spivak said.

Today, she said she feels a need to “speak for them, to them, and about them” whenever possible.

Spivak urged her audience to not only consider the Rohingya as a minority oppressed group, but to also regard them as human beings. Rather than think “they are like us,” imagine “we are like them,” she said.

Spivak said that  unless we can envision ourselves as the same as them — as human beings — all the same, it is not worth it in the long run working to emancipate them.

“They cannot represent themselves, so they must be represented” by us, she said.

While in Myanmar, she witnessed a couple of Rohingya women sitting in the mud. Born in Calcutta, India, and similar in appearance, Spivak said she was willing to stand in the most impoverished parts of Myanmar and immerse herself completely in the culture.

The Rohingya women “saw something in my face” and thought “this is one of us,” Spivak said. “They spoke to me … They could tell I thought they were human beings. This was a huge discovery.”

The ability to draw a response from the other side acted as the impetus to dedicate herself to the Rohingya issue and reach out to these mistreated men and women, Spivak said.

One major abuse Rohingya women face is rape, Spivak said.

“Rape is at work all over the world, including in countries where we live,” she said.

In Myanmar, it is both a millennial tradition and a weapon to ethnic cleanse, Spivak said.

Furthermore, the Rohingya lack equality in regards to the people of Myanmar. In the nation-state, they are denied citizenship and cannot vote.

The Rohingya are not technically illegal immigrants, but they are stateless, Spivak said.

“We can relate [this] to Mexico. We can relate it to all kinds of places. One day, it was my place. Next day, it became illegal,” she said. “The land under my foot becomes illegal because it belongs to someone else.”

Source : http://cornellsun.com

EU for Rohingyas’ ‘dignified return’ to Myanmar

The European Union’s commissioner for humanitarian aid and crisis management has begun a two-day visit to Bangladesh, to assess the ground reality of the Rohingya refugee crisis.

“Here in Bangladesh the scale of this emergency is painfully clear to see: This is the fastest-growing refugee crisis in the world,” commissioner Christos Stylianides said in a statement on the first day of his visit on Tuesday.

The visit comes a week after the EU and its member states pledged more than 50 per cent of the US$ 344 million total funding raised at the international conference on the Rohingya refugee crisis held in Geneva.

Commissioner Stylianidesis visited the Kutupalong camp in Cox<SNG-QTS>s Bazar, where an EU-funded project is helping over 100,000 people, mostly vulnerable children and women, gain access to essential services, an EU news release said.

“The Rohingya people are not alone in these difficult times,” he said.

Stylianidesis also commended and supported “the generous approach” of the Bangladeshi authorities to the Rohingya people.

At the same time, he added, the EU “continues to insist on full aid access in Myanmar and is working to address the situation in Northern Rakhine state”.

The EU official recommended that every refugee should be registered properly and that “Myanmar takes all necessary steps to allow them a voluntary and dignified return in secure conditions”.

The commissioner will hold meetings with government officials of Bangladesh and humanitarian partners to discuss the international community’s response to the crisis and Bangladesh’s needs to move forward, the release said.

Source : http://en.prothom-alo.com