More OIC member states pledge donations for Rohingya

KUALA LUMPUR: Several OIC member states have pledged their contributions today following Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak’s pledge of RM10 million for the Rohingya.
Foreign Minister Datuk Seri Anifah Aman said Indonesia and Pakistan have pledged about US$5 million worth of rice, while others have promised to discuss and announce their contributions later.
He also stressed that the plight of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar must not be ignored.
“What Malaysia is afraid of is the timeframe. We do not want to sit still and watch things happen and as what we have learned from previous experience in Bosnia and Kosovo, when help comes, it was a little too late,” he said at the press conference after the extraordinary Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) Council of Foreign Ministers on The Situation of The Muslim Minority.
The extraordinary session held at the Kuala Lumpur Convention Center was convened at the request of Malaysia to discuss the ongoing situation of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar.
He said although Malaysia is urging Myanmar to address the Rohingya crisis, as close neighbours it is also offering assistance.
Anifah said Malaysia only accepted the displaced Myanmar Muslims temporarily, based on humanitarian grounds, but urged the Myanmar government to allow them to go back and guarantee their safety and basic human rights.
He also called on the Myanmar government to accept an independent team to assess the situation in the country.
Source :

ျမန္မာ့လူ႔အခြင့္အေရးအေျခအေန ႏုိင္ငံတကာ ေစာင့္ၾကည့္ဖုိ႔ Yanghee Lee တုိက္တြန္း

ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံမွာ ၿပီးခဲ့တဲ့လအနည္းငယ္အတြင္း အေျခအေနေတြက ႏုိင္္ငံတကာ အသိုင္းအ၀ိုင္းအေနနဲ႔ ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံရဲ႕ လူ႔အခြင့္ အေရးအေျခအေနကို သတိထားၿပီး မျပတ္ေစာင့္ၾကည့္သြားရမယ္ဆိုတာ ျပေနတယ္လုိ႔ ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံ လူ႔အခြင့္အေရး အေျခအေန ဆိုင္ရာ ကုလသမဂၢ အထူးစံုစမ္းစစ္ေဆးေရးမွဴး Yang Hee Lee က ေျပာလိုက္ပါတယ္။
ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံခရီးစဥ္စဖို႔ သံုးရက္အလို ဒီကေန႔ထြက္လာတဲ့ ထုတ္ျပန္ခ်က္တခုထဲမွာ မစၥယန္္ဟီးလီက အဲဒီလို ေျပာထားတာပါ။ ရခုိင္္ျပည္ဘက္မွာ ျဖစ္ေနတာအျပင္ ကခ်င္နဲ႔ရွမ္းဘက္မွာ တိုက္ပြဲေတြ အရွိန္ျမင့္လာတာ၊ အဲဒီကေန အရပ္သားေတြရဲ႕ အေျခ အေနအေပၚ အႏုတ္လကၡဏာေဆာင္ သက္ေရာက္မႈေတြ မလႊဲမေရွာင္သာ ျဖစ္လာတာေတြဟာ အစိုးရအဖြဲ႔သစ္ရဲ႕ ပထမႏွစ္အတြင္း သြားေနတဲ့လမ္းေၾကာင္းေပၚ စိုးရိမ္ပူပန္္စရာတခ်ဳိ႕ ျဖစ္လာေစပါတယ္လုိ႔ မစၥယန္ဟီးလီကေျပာပါတယ္။
မစၥယန္ဟီးလီဟာ ဇန္န၀ါရီလ ၉ ရက္ေန႔ကေန ၂၀ ရက္ေန႔အထိ ျမန္မာႏုိင္္ငံကို လာမွာပါ။ ဒီခရီးစဥ္အတြင္း ကခ်င္ျပည္နယ္ထဲက ျမစ္ႀကီးနား၊ ဖားကန္႔နဲ႔ လိုင္ဇာ၊ ရခုိင္ျပည္နယ္ထဲက စစ္ေတြ၊ ရေသ့ေတာင္၊ ဘူးသီးေတာင္နဲ႔ ေမာင္းေတာၿမိဳ႕ေတြ အျပင္ ေနျပည္ ေတာ္နဲ႔ ရန္ကုန္ၿမိဳ႕ေတြကိုလည္းသြားဖို႔ စီစဥ္ထားပါတယ္။
အစိုးရရဲ႕ဖိတ္ၾကားခ်က္နဲ႔ လာေရာက္မယ့္ ၁၂ ရက္ၾကာခရီးစဥ္ အတြင္း ႏုိင္ငံေရးေခါင္းေဆာင္ေတြနဲ႔ ရပ္ရြာအႀကီးအကဲေတြ၊ အရပ္ဘက္ လူမႈအဖြဲ႔အစည္းေတြက ကိုယ္စားလွယ္ေတြအျပင္ လူ႔အခြင့္အေရး ခ်ဳိးေဖာက္ခံရသူေတြနဲ႔ ေတြ႔ဆံုဖို႔ရွိသလို ႏုိင္္ငံ တကာအသိုင္းအ၀ိုင္းက လူပုဂၢိဳလ္ေတြနဲ႔လည္း ေတြ႔ဆံုဖို႔ရွိပါတယ္။ ဒီခရီးစဥ္ အတြင္း ေလ့လာေတြ႔ရွိ ခ်က္ေတြကို အစီရင္ခံစာ ေရးၿပီး ကုလသမဂၢ လူ႔အခြင့္အေရးေကာင္စီကို ၂၀၁၇ ခုႏွစ္ မတ္လမွာ တင္သြင္းမွာျဖစ္ပါတယ္။
source : VOA

Aid to Maungdaw trickling rather than ‘flowing’, rights groups say

International aid organisations working in Maungdaw Township have not been granted the “flowing” access to the restive region that they were promised, despite a 19 December announcement by State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi that her government would welcome assistance from international and local relief groups.
Humanitarian aid and media access to the area was swiftly clamped shut following deadly 9 October attacks on police border posts — a move human rights workers predicted would have disastrous implications for the largely stateless Rohingya Muslim community.
Suu Kyi, who also serves as Burma’s foreign affairs minister, appeared to bow to mounting pressure at the conclusion of a specially convened ASEAN foreign ministers meeting on 19 December, where the ongoing plight of the Rohingya was on the agenda. Accusations of ethnic cleansing had been levelled at Suu Kyi’s administration in the weeks prior, prompting the invitation to her fellow foreign ministers. Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak had controversially called the situation in Arakan State “genocide” at a Rohingya solidarity rally in Kuala Lumpur on 4 December, infuriating nationalists in Burma.
Speaking after the meeting on 19 December, Suu Kyi announced that aid was now welcome, offering a glimmer of hope to the tens of thousands that rely on international assistance for life-saving food and medical care. A week later, a press release from the President’s Office stated aid was “flowing” into 12 villages in northern Arakan State, with the Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement itself distributing “250 rice bags.”
But some of the aid organisations named in that release tell a different story, saying areas in northern Maungdaw remain completely off limits, interrupting existing malnutrition treatment plans for children. On average, clinics had been seeing more than 1,000 new malnutrition cases per month.
The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs told DVB that although much-needed access to the southern part of Maungdaw township has been partially restored, the story is starkly different from the government narrative.
“In past weeks, some ongoing humanitarian programmes have been able to re-start in some areas in Buthidaung, Rathedaung and the southern part of Maungdaw [townships]. This has allowed for about 28,000 people to be reached with cash, food and nutrition support since 19 December. Agencies have also been able to re-open some health clinics and nutrition centres. However, the most-affected areas and communities in the northern part of Maungdaw remain largely off-limits to humanitarian organisations, beyond a small number of one-off distributions,” said Pierre Peron, the public information officer for UNOCHA in Burma, adding that his organisation is unable to help some of the neediest in Arakan State.
“Full and sustained access to all areas in northern Rakhine [Arakan] is urgently needed to resume critically important humanitarian programmes that were already assisting vulnerable communities before 9 October. After almost three months, access to northern Maungdaw remains restricted and we still haven’t fully been able to undertake the humanitarian assessments that are required to evaluate and respond to the needs of people in the hardest-hit communities,” he said.
Rights advocates and medical workers have echoed UNOCHA’s concerns privately to DVB, but say they fear making their frustrations public would see their existing access curtailed further or revoked entirely.
But the Union-level Investigation Commission on Maungdaw, which was tasked with probing both the causes of the October assault and subsequent November attacks, as well as any wrongdoing by security forces, did not appear to share the concerns of the aid community.
It released an interim report on Tuesday, denying accusations of religious or genocidal persecution against the “Bengali population,” citing “the increasing population of Mawlawi [Islamic scholars], mosques and religious edifices.” The threat of malnutrition was also dismissed “due to the area’s favourable fishing and farming condition.”
Zaw Myint Pay, a spokesperson for a separate state-level commission formed by the Arakan State legislature in October, told DVB there are “no restrictions” to aid in Maungdaw, for either local or international workers.
“There aren’t restrictions on aid organisations… we are accepting aid for the Bengali’s and the local population,” he said on 3 January, referring to self-identifying Rohingya Muslims.
Suu Kyi’s perceived inaction with regard to the ongoing suffering of the Rohingya has been fiercely criticised by human rights advocates. The Nobel Prize laureate was widely expected to do more to address the rift between the Buddhist and Muslim communities in Arakan State, one of the country’s poorest.
“There’s a wide gap between the humanitarian access that Aung San Suu Kyi and the government have promised and what is actually happening on the ground in Maungdaw and Buthidaung, and in that gap lives are being lost daily,” said Phil Robertson, the deputy director of Human Rights Watch’s Asia division.
“Taking her pledges at face value, the most charitable thing one can say is Suu Kyi apparently lacks the ability to persuade the military and local officials to follow her orders. The ASEAN foreign ministers now need to demand that she fulfil her pledges by travelling herself to these affected areas to find out why the aid is not getting through,” he added.
Speaking to DVB after the Investigation Commission on Maungdaw interim report’s release, Matthew Smith of Fortify Rights called parts of the commission’s account “patently untrue.”
“Among its many failings, the report essentially denies that the authorities restricted access to key areas, claiming journalists and aid groups were free to operate. The idea that journalists and aid groups aren’t restricted from areas of Maungdaw Township is patently untrue. Access is still tightly restricted.
“The report flatly denies the existence of malnutrition based on evidence of ‘the area’s favourable fishing and farming conditions.’ Malnutrition is endemic in Rohingya areas, on par with some of worst situations globally,” he added. “It’s embarrassing that the government’s test for malnutrition consisted of observing the existence of rice paddies. Empirical data measuring malnutrition is available. And they seemed to have missed that the army burned rice stores in several villages. We documented this.”
A Malaysian NGO’s aid flotilla is also facing delays, citing diplomatic difficulties between the two nations. The shipment organised by the Malaysian Consultative Council for Islamic Organisations (Mapim), originally scheduled for a 10 January departure, will reportedly now set sail on 31 January. The Burmese government had been caught off guard by the original plans, and warned the coalition of NGO’s to respect national sovereignty and ensure both Muslims and Arakanese communities received assistance.
Source :

ျမန္မာ့လူ႔အခြင့္အေရး အေျခအေန ကန္ေဝဖန္

ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံက လံုၿခံဳေရးတပ္ဖဲြ႔ေတြဟာ လူ႔အခြင့္အေရးခ်ဳိးေဖာက္မႈေတြကို သမား႐ိုးက် လုပ္႐ိုးလုပ္စဥ္လို ဆက္လုပ္ေနၿပီး၊ လုပ္ခြင့္ေပးထားပံုရတယ္လို႔ အေမရိကန္ ထိပ္တန္း တာဝန္႐ွိသူတေယာက္က ေျပာလိုက္ပါတယ္။ ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ ေမာင္ေတာ ခ႐ိုင္ထဲကနယ္ျခားေစာင့္စခန္းေတြ တုိက္ခိုက္ခံခဲ့ရၿပီးေနာက္ လံုၿခံဳေရးတပ္ဖဲြ႔ေတြ နယ္ေျမ႐ွင္းလင္းစဥ္ ကိုးတန္ေကာက္ေက်း႐ြာမွာ မြတ္ဆလင္ေတြကို လံုၿခံဳေရး တပ္ဖဲြ႔ဝင္ေတြက ႏိုင့္ထက္စီးနင္းျပဳမူေနတဲ့ Video ထြက္ေပၚခဲ့ပါတယ္။
အဲဒီလို လူ႔အခြင့္အေရးခ်ဳိးေဖာက္ေနတဲ့လုပ္ရပ္ဟာ သူတို႔လုပ္ေနက် ခြင့္ျပဳခ်က္ ရထားတဲ့ လုပ္ရပ္မို႔သာ သူတို႔ကိုယ္တုိင္ Video ႐ုိက္ျပေနတာျဖစ္တယ္လို႔ အေမရိကန္ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရးဌာနရဲ႕ ဒီမိုကေရစီ၊ လူ႔အခြင့္အေရးနဲ႔ အလုပ္သမားေရးရာ လက္ေထာက္ဝန္ႀကီး Tom Malinowski က AP သတင္းဌာနကို ေျပာၾကားခဲ့ပါတယ္။
အီရတ္က Abu Ghraib အက်ဥ္းေထာင္မွာ အေမရိကန္စစ္သားေတြ အီရတ္ အက်ဥ္းသားေတြကို ႏိုင့္ထက္စီးနင္းလုပ္ေနတဲ့ ဓါတ္ပံုေတြေၾကာင့္ သင္ခန္းစာရ စရာျဖစ္ခဲ့သလုိ ကိုးတန္ေကာက္႐ြာကိုစစ္ေဆးခဲ့တဲ့ တပ္ဖဲြ႔ထဲမွာ ဒီလို အျပဳအမူေတြ ကို ခြင့္ျပဳထားတယ္လို႔ သူ႔အေနနဲ႔ထင္ေၾကာင္း Mr. Malinowski ကေအပီသတင္းဌာနကို ေျပာတာကို ဝါရွင္တန္ပို႔စ္သတင္းစာမွာ ကိုးကားေဖာ္ျပပါတယ္။ ျမန္မာအစိုးရကေတာ့ ဒီ Video ထြက္ေပၚလာခဲ့ၿပီးေနာက္ သက္ဆိုင္သူေတြကို ဖမ္းဆီးအေရးယူခဲ့ပါတယ္။ ဒီျဖစ္ရပ္ဟာလည္း အဲဒီတေနရာမွာျဖစ္ခဲ့တာလို႔ ဆိုပါတယ္။
မြတ္ဆလင္ေတြဖက္က နစ္နာခံစားခ်က္ေတြကို ေျဖ႐ွင္းဖုိ႔လိုတယ္ ဆိုတာကို ျမန္မာအစိုးရကို အေမရိကန္ဖက္က လြန္ခဲ့တဲ့ ၂ ႏွစ္ေလာက္ထဲက ေျပာၾကားခဲ့တယ္လို႔လည္း ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရးဌာနရဲ႕ လူ႔အခြင့္အေရးဆိုင္ရာအႀကီးအကဲက AP သတင္းဌာနကိုေျပာပါတယ္။
အဲဒီလိုမွ မေျဖ႐ွင္းရင္ ခံစားေနရသူကို ျပည္ပအဖဲြ႔အစည္းေတြက အခြင့္ေကာင္းယူၿပီး အၾကမ္းဖက္တံု႔ျပန္ေအာင္ လုပ္လာလိမ့္မယ္လို႔ ေျပာခဲ့တယ္လို႔သူကဆိုပါတယ္။ အခုလက္႐ွိမွာ ႀကီးမားတဲ့ အတိုင္းအတာနဲ႔ မဟုတ္ေပမဲ့ အဲဒီလိုအေျခအေနမ်ဳိး ျဖစ္လာပံုရတယ္လို႔ Mr. Malinowski ကေျပာပါတယ္။
အေမရိကန္အစိုးရအေနနဲ႔ ျမန္မာျပည္သူေတြနဲ႔ နယ္စပ္လံုၿခံဳေရးအတြက္ အကူအညီေပးဖုိ႔အဆင္သင့္ပဲလို႔လည္း အေမရိကန္ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရးဌာနရဲ႕ ဒီမိုကေရစီ၊ လူ႔အခြင့္အေရးနဲ႔ အလုပ္သမားေရးရာ လက္ေထာက္ဝန္ႀကီး Tom Malinowski က AP သတင္းဌာနကို ေျပာၾကားခဲ့ပါတယ္။
တခ်ိန္က အထီးက်န္ျဖစ္ခဲ့တဲ့ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံကို ဒီမိုကေရစီႏိုင္ငံျဖစ္ေအာင္ အေမရိကန္က ကူညီေျပာင္းလဲေပးႏိုင္ခဲ့တယ္လို႔ သမၼတအိုဘားမားနဲ႔ သူ႔ရဲ႕အႀကံေပးေတြက ေျပာေနတာျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ဒါေပမဲ့ ခုလိုလူ႔အခြင့္အေရး ခ်ဳိးေဖာက္မႈေတြ႐ွိေနဆဲျဖစ္တဲ့အတြက္ သမၼတအိုဘားမားရဲ႕ ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရး မူဝါဒဆိုင္ရာ ေအာင္ျမင္မႈမွာ ေထာက္ျပစရာျဖစ္တယ္လို႔ အဲဒီ AP သတင္းထဲမွာ ေရးသားထားပါတယ္။
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US Official: In Myanmar Crackdown, Abuses Appear ‘Normal’

Abuses appear “normal and allowed” in Myanmar’s response to an armed uprising by Rohingya Muslims, a senior U.S. official said in an interview, casting a pall over one of President Barack Obama’s legacy foreign policy achievements.
Obama and his advisers have long held up the former pariah nation’s U.S.-backed shift from military rule as a breakthrough for American interests and democratic values in Southeast Asia. But the situation in strife-hit Rakhine State makes the transition no straightforward success story.
Rakhine has been largely closed off to foreigners, including aid workers, since a deadly insurgent attack against police in October. Subsequent “clearance operations,” led by the military and reminiscent of its decades of junta rule, have left at least dozens dead. Tens of thousands of Rohingya have escaped to neighboring Bangladesh.
A Myanmar government-appointed commission, led by a former general, this week said there was insufficient evidence so far to support allegations of rape and killings by security forces that have been made by Rohingya villagers fleeing northern Rakhine, which remains off-limits to journalists.
Tom Malinowski, the State Department’s human rights chief, questioned the credibility of that investigation. He said a video of Myanmar police kicking and beating Rohingya — filmed by the police and recently surfaced on social media — suggests a disturbing pattern.
“People don’t film themselves committing a human rights abuse unless they think that doing so is normal and allowed,” Malinowski told The Associated Press.
“What that video suggests to me is that this kind of behavior, at least with respect to whatever unit or elements of the security forces was involved, has become normalized, much as the photographs at Abu Ghraib taught us the same lesson about things that were going on in our military in Iraq at the time,” he said.
The government of Myanmar, also known as Burma, has verified the video and detained the police officers involved. But it insists the incident is an “isolated case.”
Human rights groups and neighboring, Muslim-majority Malaysia accuse Myanmar’s civilian leader, Aung San Suu Kyi, of failing to protect the Rohingya. The Nobel peace laureate is hobbled by her lack of control over the powerful military but harsh national politics also play a role.
Myanmar’s majority Buddhists loathe the Rohingya. Many of the more than 1 million-strong community have lived there for generations, but they lack citizenship. The Rohingya bore the brunt of intercommunal violence with Buddhists in Rakhine in 2012 that left hundreds dead and forced more than 100,000 into squalid camps.
The plight of the Rohingya has attracted the attention of Muslim extremists. U.S. officials say there are credible reports that wealthy backers in Gulf nations and the Rohingya diaspora are providing funds and training for a newly emerged insurgency in Rakhine.
The Myanmar government says the insurgent group — known as Harakah al-Yaqin, or Faith Movement — has hundreds of fighters. It says the group is led by Havid Tuhar, a 45-year-old Rohingya who was raised in Saudi Arabia. The government claims he trained with Taliban in Pakistan.
Havid Tuhar has appeared in several videos posted on social media surrounded by rag-tag, barefoot guerrillas, urging young Rohingya men to fight.
As early as two years ago, Malinowski said, the U.S. expressed fears to Myanmar’s government that the grievances of Muslims needed to be addressed. Otherwise, he said, “outside forces would eventually exploit those grievances to promote a violent reaction.”
“It does seem that something like that, at least on a small scale, has happened,” Malinowski said.
The U.S. would be prepared to share with Myanmar credible threat information to help the civilian leadership respond effectively to attacks, he said. He would not say if any actionable intelligence has been shared to date.
“We do want to support the government of Burma in protecting its people and its borders. We want to help them do it the right way. That means not falling into the trap of an indiscriminate response that fuels recruitment for groups that may be using violence,” Malinowski said.
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