ေမာင္ေတာေဒသ ရွာေတြ႕ ဟိႏၵဴအေလာင္းမ်ားကို ယေန႔ သၿဂႌုဟ္

ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ ေမာင္ေတာၿမိဳ႕နယ္ ရဲေဘာ္က်ေက်းရြာမွ ေပ်ာက္ဆုံးသြားေသာ ဟိႏၵဴဘာသာဝင္ ၁၀၀ ေက်ာ္အနက္ အေလာင္း ၄၅ ေလာင္းကို ရွာေဖြတူးေဖာ္ ေတြ႕ရွိခဲ့ရာ ယေန႔ စက္တင္ဘာလ ၂၈ ရက္ေန႔ မြန္းလြဲ ၂ နာရီ ၂၀ မိႏွစ္ အခ်ိန္က ဟိႏၵဴဘာသာဝင္မ်ား၏ ဓေလ့ထုံးတမ္းအရ သၿဂႌုဟ္ လိုက္ၿပီ ျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း သတင္း ရရွိသည္။
အဆိုပါ အေလာင္းမ်ားကို သၿဂႌုဟ္သည့္ေနရာသို႔ ဟိႏၵဴဘာသာေရးေခါင္းေဆာင္မ်ားႏွင့္ ေသဆုံးသြားသည့္ မိသာစုဝင္မ်ား အပါအဝင္ လူေပါင္း ၇၀ ေက်ာ္တက္ေရာက္ၿပီး ယင္းတို႔၏ ဓေလ့ထုံးတမ္းအရ ေဆာင္ရြက္ လုပ္ကိုင္ကာ သၿဂိဳလ္ေပးလိုက္ၿပီ ျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း ၎နယ္ေျမတြင္ တာဝန္က်ေနေသာ နယ္ျခားေစာင့္ရဲတပ္ဖြဲ႕မွ ရဲမႉးႀကီး ဥကၠာကို က ဧရာဝတီသို႔ ေျပာသည္။
ရဲမႉးႀကီး ဥကၠာကို က “ အေလာင္းအားလုံးကို ဒီေန႔ပဲ သၿဂႌုဟ္ပါတယ္။ မီးသၿဂႌုဟ္တာပါ ။ သူတို႔ရဲ့ ဓေလ့ထုံးတမ္းအရ ဟိႏၵဴဘာသာေရး ေခါင္းေဆာင္ေတြက ေဆာင္ရြက္ပါတယ္။ က်ေနာ္တို႔ကေတာ့ သူတို႔ရဲ့ လိုအပ္ခ်က္ေတြကို ပံ့ပို႔ေပးပါတယ္။ သၿဂႌုဟ္တဲ့ေနရာကေတာ့ အဲဒီအေလာင္းထားတဲ့ အနီးက ေနရာတခုမွာ သူတို႔ ထုံးတမ္းအရ လုပ္ကိုင္ေဆာင္ရြက္ၿပီးေတာ့ သၿဂႌုဟ္လိုက္တာပါ ” ဟုေျပာသည္။
အဆိုပါ ဟိႏၵဴဘာသာဝင္ အေလာင္းမ်ားအား ရွာေဖြ ေတြ႕ရွိခဲ့ျခင္းမွာ ARSA အၾကမ္းဖက္သမားမ်ား၏ တိုက္ခိုက္မႈ လုပ္ရပ္မ်ားေၾကာင့္ စစ္ေတြၿမိဳ႕သို႔ ေနရပ္စြန႔္ခြာ ထြက္ေျပး ေရာက္ရွိေနသည့္ ေမာင္ေတာၿမိဳ႕နယ္၊ ေလးမိုင္ရြာေန ဟိႏၵဴဘာသာဝင္ ကူညီေရးေခါင္းေဆာင္ ဦးနီေမာ္လ္ ထံသို႔ ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ နိုင္ငံသို႔ ေရာက္ရွိေနသည့္ ရဲေဘာ္က်ေက်းရြာေန ဟိႏၵဴဘာသာဝင္ အမ်ိဳးသမီးတဦးက ဖုန္းဆက္ အေၾကာင္းၾကားခ်က္အရ ရွာေဖြ ေတြ႕ ရွိခဲ့ျခင္း ျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း သိရသည္။
တူးေဖာ္ေတြ႕ရွိထားေသာ အေလာင္းမ်ားႏွင့္ပတ္သက္ၿပီး စက္တင္ဘာလ ၂၇ ရက္ေန႔တြင္ အာဏာပိုင္မ်ားက ျပည္တြင္း ျပည္ပ သတင္းမီဒီယာမ်ားကို ေခၚယူျပသခဲ့သည္။
ေမာင္ေတာၿမိဳ႕နယ္ ခေမာင္းဆိပ္ၿမိဳ႕ ရဲေဘာ္က် ဟိႏၵဴေက်းရြာႏွင့္ ေတာင္ဟိႏၵဴေက်းရြာသားမ်ား ေပ်ာက္ဆုံးေနရာျခင္းကို သိရွိၿပီးေနာက္ သတင္းအရ စက္တင္ဘာလ ၂၄ ရက္ေန႔မွ စတင္ၿပီး အေလာင္းမ်ားကို ရွာေဖြခဲ့ရာ စက္တင္ဘာလ ၂၄ ရက္ေန႔က ၂၈ ေလာင္းႏွင့္ စက္တင္ဘာလ ၂၅ ရက္ေန႔က ၁၇ ေလာင္း ေပါင္း ၄၅ ေလာင္း ေတြ႕ရွိခဲ့ျခင္း ျဖစ္သည္။
Source : https://burma.irrawaddy.com

U.S. envoy to U.N. demands Myanmar prosecutions, weapons curbs, over Rohingya

UNITED NATIONS/YANGON (Reuters) – U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley on Thursday called on countries to suspend providing weapons to Myanmar over violence against Rohingya Muslims until the military puts sufficient accountability measures in place.

It was the first time the United States called for punishment of military leaders behind the repression, but stopped short of threatening to reimpose U.S. sanctions which were suspended under the Obama administration.

“We cannot be afraid to call the actions of the Burmese authorities what they appear to be – a brutal, sustained campaign to cleanse the country of an ethnic minority,” Haley told the U.N. Security Council, the first time Washington has echoed the U.N.’s accusation that the displacement of hundreds of thousands of people in Rakhine State was ethnic cleansing.

Myanmar rejects the accusations and has denounced rights abuses.

“The Burmese military must respect human rights and fundamental freedoms. Those who have been accused of committing abuses should be removed from command responsibilities immediately and prosecuted for wrongdoing,” Haley said.

“And any country that is currently providing weapons to the Burmese military should suspend these activities until sufficient accountability measures are in place,” Haley said.

Myanmar national security adviser Thaung Tun said at the United Nations on Thursday there was no ethnic cleansing or genocide happening in Myanmar. He told the Security Council that Myanmar had invited U.N. Secretary General Antonio Guterres to visit. A U.N. official said Guterres would consider visiting Myanmar under the right conditions.

China and Russia both expressed support for the Myanmar government. Myanmar said earlier this month it was negotiating with China and Russia, which have veto powers in the Security Council, to protect it from any possible action by the council.

The Trump administration has mostly hewed to former President Barack Obama’s approach of forging warmer relations with Myanmar, partly aimed at countering China’s influence in the resource-rich Southeast Asian country.

Meanwhile, international aid groups in Myanmar have urged the government to allow free access to Rakhine, where an army offensive has sent more than 500,000 people fleeing to Bangladesh, but hundreds of thousands remain cut off from food, shelter and medical care.

Refugees are still leaving Myanmar, more than a month after Rohingya Muslim insurgents attacked security posts near the border, triggering fierce Myanmar military retaliation.

Aid groups said on Thursday the total number of refugees in Bangladesh was now 502,000.

The Myanmar government has stopped international aid groups and U.N. agencies from carrying out most of their work in the north of Rakhine state, citing insecurity since the Aug. 25 insurgent attacks.

Aid groups said in a joint statement they were: “increasingly concerned about severe restrictions on humanitarian access and impediments to the delivery of critically needed humanitarian assistance throughout Rakhine State.”

“We urge the government and authorities of Myanmar to ensure that all people in need in Rakhine State have full, free and unimpeded access to life-saving humanitarian assistance.”

The government has put the Myanmar Red Cross in charge of aid to the state, with the help of the International Committee of the Red Cross. But the groups said they feared insufficient aid was getting through.

Relations between the government and aid agencies had been difficult for months, with some officials accusing the groups of helping the insurgents.

Aid groups dismissed the accusations, which they said had inflamed anger toward them among Buddhists in the communally divided state, and called for an end to “misinformation and unfounded accusations”.

Rights groups have accused the army of trying to push Rohingya Muslims out of Myanmar, and of committing crimes against humanity. They have called for sanctions, in particular an arms embargo.

United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres warned on Thursday that the violence against Rohingya Muslims in the northern part of Rakhine could spread to central Rakhine, where 250,000 more people were at risk of displacement.

Guterres told the U.N. Security Council during its first public meeting on Myanmar in eight years, that the violence had spiraled into the “world’s fastest developing refugee emergency, a humanitarian and human rights nightmare.”

A group of Republican and Democratic senators urged the Trump administration on Thursday to use the “full weight” of its influence to help resolve the Rohingya crisis in Myanmar and Bangladesh.

A letter seen by Reuters and signed by four Republican and 17 Democratic members of the 100-seat Senate also calls on Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and U.S. Agency for International Development Administrator Mark Green to provide more humanitarian aid.

The British Minister of State for Asia and the Pacific, Mark Field, described the situation as “an unacceptable tragedy” after visiting Myanmar and meeting leaders including Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi, who has faced scathing criticism and calls for her Nobel prize to be withdrawn.

DROWNINGS

Police in Bangladesh said they recovered the bodies of 14 refugees, including nine children, who drowned when their boat capsized off the coast in bad weather. A Reuters photographer said he saw several babies among the victims.

The U.N. International Organization for Migration later put the toll at 15.

Police officer Afrajul Hoque Tutu said three boats had capsized in heavy seas.

Myanmar was getting ready to “verify” refugees who want to return, the government minister charged with putting into effect recommendations to solve problems in Rakhine said.

Myanmar would conduct a “national verification process” at two points on its border with Bangladesh under terms agreed during a repatriation effort in 1993, state media quoted Win Myat Aye, the minister for social welfare, relief and resettlement, as saying.

Myanmar authorities do not recognize Rohingya as an indigenous ethnic group, instead regarding them as illegal immigrants from Bangladesh.
“The government hates us,” said refugee Zafar Alam, 55, sheltering from rain near a refugee settlement in Bangladesh, referring to the Myanmar government.
“I don’t think I’d be safe there. There’s no justice.”
Source : https://www.reuters.com

Burma is Playing Politics with the Dead

Alleged Atrocities Need International Inquiry
Burma’s military announced this week that it had dug up 28 bodies in a mass grave in northern Rakhine State. The following day, they claimed to have found another 17 bodies. While continuing to block independent observers from the area, the military suggested that dozens of Hindu, a minority community, were “cruelly and violently killed by extremist Bengali terrorists.” Those claims were splashed across the local press and social media as ostensible proof of the threat Burma faces from the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA).
While ARSA did attack over two dozen police outposts and an army base in late August – which sparked a Burmese military campaign of ethnic cleansing against the Rohingya population, forcing more than 400,000 people to flee to neighboring Bangladesh – no one has been able to independently verify the Burmese government’s most recent allegations. While Burmese authorities have put on a stage-managed tour to the Hindu village in question, as well as Rohingya villages unaffected by the recent violence, they have denied access to independent monitors to he mass graves and the rest of northern Rakhine State. If indeed ARSA responsibility is impartially and credibly established, those responsible should be held to account.
The government’s quick conclusion on ARSA’s guilt contrasts sharply with its own unwillingness to credibly investigate countless alleged crimes committed by its own forces against Rohingya Muslims.
Refugees in Bangladesh have described horrific accounts of soldiers conducting summary executions, burning people alive, and rampant sexual violence. Many Rohingya bear terrible injuries from attacks with spades, machetes, or guns. Human Rights Watch has concluded that these abuses against the Rohingya population are crimes against humanity.
The Burmese government should care about all its citizens – Hindu and Muslim, as well as majority Buddhists. While it has the responsibility to respond to security threats, it needs to do within the restraints of the law.
Burma’s government should stop playing politics with the dead. Beyond stopping military atrocities, it should allow the United Nations fact-finding mission into the country to investigate all crimes.
Source : https://www.hrw.org

Government will take over burned Myanmar land: Minister

YANGON: Myanmar’s government will manage the redevelopment of villages torched during violence in Rakhine state that has sent nearly half a million Rohingya Muslims fleeing to Bangladesh, a minister was reported on Wednesday as saying.
The plan for the redevelopment of areas destroyed by fires, which the government has blamed on Rohingya insurgents, is likely to raise concern about the prospects for the return of the 480,000 refugees, and compound fears of ethnic cleansing.
“According to the law, burnt land becomes government-managed land,” Minister for Social Development, Relief and Resettlement Win Myat Aye told a meeting in the Rakhine state capital of Sittwe, the Global New Light of Myanmar newspaper reported.
Win Myat Aye also heads a committee tasked with implementing recommendations on solving Rakhine’s long-simmering tensions.
Citing a disaster management law, he said in a meeting with authorities on Tuesday that redevelopment would “be very effective”. The law states the government oversees reconstruction in areas damaged in disasters, including conflict.
There was no elaboration on any plan or what access to their old villages any returning Rohingya could expect. The minister was not immediately available for comment.

Human rights groups using satellite images have said that about half of more than 400 Rohingya villages in the north of Rankine state have been burned in the violence.
Refugees arriving in Bangladesh have accused the army and Buddhist vigilantes of mounting a campaign of violence and arson aimed at driving Rohingya out of Myanmar.
Buddhist-majority Myanmar has rejected U.N. accusations of ethnic cleansing against Rohingya Muslims in response to coordinated attacks by Rohingya insurgents on the security forces on Aug. 25.
The government has reported that about half of Rohingya villages have been abandoned but it blames insurgents of the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army for the fires and for attacking civilians.
The government says nearly 500 people have been killed since Aug. 25, nearly 400 of them insurgents. It has also rejected accusations of crimes against humanity, levelled this week by Human Rights Watch.
NUMBER KEEPS RISING
The violence and the refugee exodus is the biggest crisis the government of Nobel peace laureate Suu Kyi has faced since it came to power last year in a transition from nearly 50 years of military rule.
Myanmar regards the Rohingya as illegal immigrants from Bangladesh and bouts of suppression and strife have flared for decades. Most Rohingya are stateless.
Suu Kyi has faced scathing criticism and calls for her Nobel prize to be withdrawn. She denounced rights violations in an address last week and vowed that abusers would be prosecuted. She also said any refugees verified as coming from Myanmar under a 1992 process agreed with Bangladesh would be allowed back.
But many refugees are gloomy about their chances of going home, saying they fear they lack the paperwork they expect would be demanded to prove they came from Myanmar.
A group of aid organisations said on Tuesday the total number of refugees who had fled to Bangladesh since Aug. 25 had been revised up to 480,000, after 35,000 people were found to have been missed out of the previous tally.
Aid agencies say refugees are still arriving though at a slower rate, and they have a contingency plan for a total of 700,000.
That figure is part of an overall plan to help 1.2 million people, including 200,000 Rohingya who were already in camps in Bangladesh and 300,000 people in “host communities”, or people helping refugees who also need aid.
(Additonal reporting by Tommy Wilkes in COX’S BAZAR; Writing by Robert Birsel; Editing by Michael Perry)
Source : http://www.channelnewsasia.com

Canada, U.S. work to step up pressure on Myanmar’s military leadership

Canada and the United States are in talks about how they can intensify pressure on Myanmar’s powerful military leadership for its role in ethnic cleansing against Rohingya Muslims, amid reports that 480,000 members of the minority group have fled violence in the Southeast Asian country.

Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland said she spoke with U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson on Monday night about ways to step up pressure on Myanmar’s military leadership, but did not mention any specific plans. Speaking to the House of Commons during an emergency debate on the violence facing Rohingya, Ms. Freeland underlined the importance of holding Myanmar’s military to account.

“It is very important that the military in Myanmar understand that the world is aware of the military’s role in this ethnic cleansing and that we will not stand for it,” said Ms. Freeland, who took time away from NAFTA negotiations in Ottawa to address the House of Commons Tuesday night.

Myanmar’s de facto leader Aung San Suu Kyi does not have the authority to direct security matters, as the military retained significant power under Myanmar’s 2008 constitution. However, the Nobel laureate and honorary Canadian citizen has still faced sharp international criticism for her inaction on the recent Rohingya crisis.

In a Sept. 18 letter to Ms. Suu Kyi, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said the responsibility for resolving the crisis falls “squarely upon” Ms. Suu Kyi and military commander-in-chief Min Aung Hlaing.

Conservative MP Garnett Genuis, who requested the emergency debate, asked Ms. Freeland if she had spoken with General Hlaing directly. Ms. Freeland said Canada has put pressure “directly to the military leadership,” but did not indicate if she spoke with Gen. Hlaing.

Human Rights Watch said on Tuesday that Myanmar is committing crimes against humanity in its massacre of villagers and mass arson in Rakhine state, where 480,000 Rohingya have been forced to flee to neighbouring Bangladesh over the past month. A Myanmar government spokesman said there was no evidence to support that claim.

Ms. Freeland said Canada has three goals for the continuing Rohingya crisis: to end the ethnic cleansing; to ensure that humanitarian assistance can reach the minority group; and to work with international allies to allow Rohingya to return to Rakhine and live free of persecution.

The current outbreak of violence began at the end of August, after Rohingya insurgents attacked dozens of police posts and an army base in Rakhine. Myanmar’s military responded by killing hundreds of people, triggering a massive exodus of Rohingya villagers. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has described the situation as ethnic cleansing.

Heading into the United Nations General Assembly last week, the Liberal government said it was planning to focus on the plight of Rohingya, among other current international issues. While Mr. Trudeau and his cabinet colleagues raised the situation of Rohingya during bilateral meetings on the sidelines of the UN, his speech made no mention of the matter.

“The Prime Minister should have raised this issue during his speech to the UN General Assembly last week,” Mr. Genuis said.

Ms. Suu Kyi did not attend the UN General Assembly, staying in Myanmar to deliver her first national address since the massive Rohingya exodus. In her speech, she condemned rights abuses in Rakhine and said violators would be punished. While Western diplomats and aid officials welcomed the tone of her speech, some doubted if she had done enough to deflect international criticism.

NDP MP David Christopherson, who has met Ms. Suu Kyi, told the House of Commons that she is the best hope for Myanmar, while acknowledging her lack of power over the military.

“We’re going to make sure that the world knows that we’re holding the military to account because we understand the difficulty that [Ms. Suu Kyi] has and my heart breaks for that situation.”