ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္မွဴးႀကီး မင္းေအာင္လိႈင္ ရာထူးက ႏုတ္ထြက္သင့္တယ္လို႔ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ အခ်က္အလက္ရွာေဖြေရး အဖဲြ႔ကေျပာ

 ျမန္မာ့တပ္မေတာ္အႀကီးအကဲ ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္မွဴးႀကီး မင္းေအာင္လိႈင္ အေနနဲ႔ ရာထူးက ႏုတ္ထြက္သင့္တယ္လို႔ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံဆိုင္ရာ လြတ္လပ္တဲ့ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ အခ်က္အလက္ရွာေဖြေရး အဖဲြ႔ကေျပာလိုက္ပါတယ္။

ဆြစ္ဇာလန္ႏိုင္ငံ ဂ်နီဗာ မွာ မေန႔က က်င္းပခဲ့တဲ့ လူ႔အခြင့္အေရး ေဆြးေႏြးပြဲမွာ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ အခ်က္အလက္ ရွာေဖြေရးအဖဲြ႔ ေခါင္းေဆာင္ မာဇူကီ ဒါရပ္စ္မင္း က ေျပာၾကားခဲ့တာပါ။ ေရွ႕ဆက္လွမ္းရမယ့္ တစ္ခုတည္းေသာ လမ္းကေတာ့ ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္မွဴးႀကီး မင္းေအာင္လ္ိႈင္ ကို ရာထူူးက ႏုတ္ထြက္ခိုင္းဖို႔နဲ႔ အျမန္ဆံုး ဆင္းသြားဖို႔ပဲျဖစ္တယ္လို႔ သတင္းစာရွင္းလင္းပြဲမွာ ေျပာၾကားခဲ့တာျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

ဒီအတြင္း အီးယူ ဥေရာပ သမဂၢ အမႈေဆာင္အဖြဲ႔က ဒီသီတင္းပတ္အတြင္း ဘရပ္ဆဲၿမိဳ႕မွာ ကုလသမဂၢ ရဲ႕ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံဆိုင္ရာ အစီရင္ခံစာ ေရးသားခဲ့ၾကသူေတြနဲ႔ စည္းေ၀းပြဲ က်င္းပမယ္လို႔ သိရပါတယ္။

ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာ မြတ္စလင္ေတြကို လူမ်ိဳးတုန္းသတ္ျဖတ္မႈနဲ႔ ပတ္သက္ၿပီး ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္မွဴးႀကီး မင္းေအာင္လိွႈင္ နဲ႔ တပ္မေတာ္ ထိပ္ပိုင္းေခါင္းေဆာင္ ၆ ဦးကို International Criminal Court ႏိုင္ငံတကာ ရာဇ၀တ္မႈခံုရံုးမွာ စစ္ေဆးသင့္ေၾကာင္း ႏိုင္ငံတကာ အခ်က္အလက္ရွာေဖြေရးအဖဲြ႔က ထုတ္ျပန္ေျပာဆိုခဲ့တာပါ။

ျမန္မာနိင္ငံရဲ႕ အေျခအေနကို ICC ႏိုင္ငံတကာ ရာဇ၀တ္မႈခံုရံုးမွာ တင္ျပသင့္ေၾကာင္း ဒါမွမဟုတ္ Special Tribunal ေခၚ သီးသန္႔တရားစီရင္သင့္ေၾကာင္းလည္း ေျပာထားပါတယ္။

ဒီကိစၥနဲ႔ပတ္သက္ၿပီး ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံဆိုင္ရာ ကုလသမဂၢ သံအမတ္ ဦးေဟာက္ဒိုဆြမ္းက

“အဖြဲ႔ကေတာ့ လူ႔အခြင့္အေရးေကာင္စီက ဖြဲ႔တဲ့ အဖြဲ႔ေပါ့ေနာ္၊ က်ေနာ္တို႔က ဆံုးျဖတ္ခ်က္ကိုလည္း လက္မခံဘူး၊ သူတို႔ဖြဲ႔စည္းလိုက္တဲ့ အခ်က္အလက္ရွာေဖြေရးအဖြဲ႔ကိုလည္း က်ေနာ္တို႔က အသိအမွတ္မျပဳဘူး၊ အဲဒါေၾကာင့္ လည္းပဲ က်ေနာ္တို႔က ပူးေပါင္းေဆာင္ရြက္ျခင္း မရိွပါဘူး။ သူတို႔ရဲ႕ report က တကယ္ကေတာ့ ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ ဘက္ေရာက္ေနၾကတဲ့သူေတြကို ေမးျမန္းၿပီး ေရးထားတဲ့ဟာျဖစ္တဲ့အခါက်ေတာ့ သဘာဝအတိုင္း စဥ္းစားမယ္ ဆိုလို႔ရိွရင္ေတာ့ ဒီလိုပံုျဖစ္လာမယ္ဆုိတာေတာ့ သိပ္ေတာ့အံ့ၾသစရာမရိွပါဘူး”

အဖဲြ႕၀င္ ၃ ဦးပါ၀င္တဲ့ အခ်က္အလက္ရွာေဖြေရးအဖဲြ႕ဟာ ကုလသမဂၢ လူ႔အခြင့္အေရးေကာင္စီက ဖဲြ႕စည္းထားတာ ျဖစ္ျပီး ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံကို ၀င္ေရာက္ခြင့္ ပိတ္ပင္ခံထားရသူေတြလည္း ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

ျမန္မာအစိုးရကေတာ့ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံဟာ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ ရာဇ၀တ္မႈခံုရံုး အုိင္စီစီ အဖဲြ႕၀င္ ႏိုင္ငံမဟုတ္တဲ့အတြက္ အဲဒီအဖြဲ႔နဲ႔ ပူးေပါင္းေဆာင္ရြက္ဖို႔ ျငင္းဆိုထားပါတယ္။

ဒီအတြင္း ၿဗိတိန္ ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရး၀န္ႀကီး Jeremy Hunt က ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္က မြတ္စလင္ေတြ ဆိုးဆိုးရြားရြား ျပဳမူခံေနရတာနဲ႔ ပတ္သက္ၿပီး ေျဖရွင္းေရးလမ္းစေတြရွာေဖြဖို႔ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံကို ျဖစ္ႏိုင္သမွ် ေစာေစာသြားေရာက္မယ္ လို႔ ေျပာလိုက္ပါတယ္။ ဒါ့ျပင္ ဒီလိုလုပ္ရပ္မ်ိဳးေတြ က်ဴးလြန္ခဲ့သူေတြအတြက္ ပုန္းေအာင္းစရာေနရာ မရွိေစရပါဘူး လို႔လည္း ေျပာပါတယ္။

ဒီအတြင္း မေလးရွား ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရး၀န္ႀကီးသစ္ မိုဟာမက္ ဆာဘူ က ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာ ဒုကၡသည္ေတြဟာ ေဒသတြင္း အၾကမ္းဖက္အဖြဲ႔ေတြရဲ႕ စည္းရံုးသိမ္းသြင္းတာေတြကို အလြယ္တကူ ခံၾကရႏိုင္တယ္လို႔ သတိေပး ေျပာဆိုလိုက္ပါတယ္။

ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္မွာ ဘာသာေရးစစ္ပြဲ ဆက္ႏႊဲဖို႔ အစၥလာမၼစ္ IS အဖြဲ႔က ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာေတြကို စည္းရံုးသိမ္းသြင္းခဲ့တဲ့ ျဖစ္ရပ္ေတြ ေတြ႕ရွိခဲ့ရေၾကာင္း မေလးရွား အၾကမ္းဖက္မႈတိုက္ဖ်က္ေရး အထူးရဲတပ္ဖြဲ႔ အႀကီးအကဲက တင္ျပအၿပီးမွာ မေလးရွား ႏိုင္ငံျခားေရး၀န္ႀကီးက သတိေပးေျပာဆိုခဲ့တာျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း ဘီနား သတင္းက ေဖၚျပပါတယ္။

Source by : https://www.facebook.com/rfaburmese/posts/10158050978403128?__tn__=H-R

UK secretary to visit Myanmar after damning UN report

British Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt to ‘seek answers’ on ‘deeply disturbing’ facts in violence against Rohingya Muslims

By Ahmet Gurhan Kartal

LONDON

Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt will visit Myanmar to “seek answers” after a UN report on the army’s brutal atrocities and violence against the Rohingya Muslims in the country.

Calling the report “deeply disturbing” on Twitter, Hunt said “there must never be a hiding place for those who commit these kind of atrocities.”

Hunt added he has “decided to visit Burma [Myanmar] to seek answers at the earliest opportunity”.

The UN Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar called on Myanmar’s top military officials, including commander-in-chief Staff Min Aung Hlaing, to be tried at the International Criminal Court (ICC) for genocide committed against Rohingya Muslims.

“Military necessity would never justify killing indiscriminately, gang-raping women, assaulting children, and burning entire villages. The Tatmadaw’s [Myanmar’s armed forces] tactics are consistently and grossly disproportionate to actual security threats, especially in Rakhine State, but also in northern Myanmar,” the report said.

Minister of State for Asia and The Pacific Mark Field also reacted to the damning report earlier Monday and said ”the truly horrific violence from August last year in Rakhine, come as no surprise”.

“Anyone like myself who has been engaged directly in this terrible crisis, or has spoken to Rohingya refugees, knows the Burmese military is primarily to blame for such appalling human rights violations as the widespread rape and murder of the Rohingya people,” Field said in a statement.

Underlining that the British government would “discuss options for bringing the report before the Security Council with other members once the Fact Finding Mission have made their final presentation to the Human Rights Council in September”.

Field said it is “now essential the Burmese government sets out how its Commission of Inquiry will be able to investigate these crimes with full impartiality and how it will be linked to a judicial process to hold those responsible to account”.

On Aug. 25, 2017, Myanmar launched a major military crackdown on the Muslim ethnic minority, killing almost 24,000 civilians and forcing 750,000 others including women and children to flee to Bangladesh, according to the Ontario International Development Agency (OIDA).

The Rohingya, described by the UN as the world’s most persecuted people, have faced heightened fears of attack since dozens were killed in communal violence in 2012.

The UN documented mass gang rapes, killings — including of infants and young children — brutal beatings, and disappearances committed by Myanmar state forces. In its report, UN investigators said such violations may have constituted crimes against humanity.

Source by : https://www.aa.com.tr/en/europe/uk-secretary-to-visit-myanmar-after-damning-un-report/1240394

UN: Netherlands, Kuwait support charges against Myanmar

WASHINGTON

UN representatives of the Netherlands and Kuwait said Monday they support the organization’s demand for genocide charges against the Myanmar army for their persecution of Rohingya Muslims.

“We are very concerned about the atrocities committed there and call for accountability and to refer the situation in Myanmar to the ICC,” Netherlands’ permanent representative to the UN Karel van Oosterom said before a UN Security Council meeting.

Kuwait’s permanent representative to the UN Mansour Al-Otaibi also said his country supports the establishment of an international mechanism to punish those responsible for the crimes committed in the Rakhine state.

“Today’s report is a very documented report with pictures and videos of these atrocities,” Otaibi said. “We support accountability and I will talk about this at the UN Security Council meeting on Myanmar tomorrow.”

The UN Security Council will meet Tuesday to discuss the situation in Myanmar and the report by the UN fact finding mission.

The UN Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar called on top Myanmar’s top military officials, including commander-in-chief Staff Min Aung Hlaing, to be tried at the International Criminal Court (ICC) for genocide committed against Rohingya Muslims.

“Military necessity would never justify killing indiscriminately, gang-raping women, assaulting children, and burning entire villages. The Tatmadaw’s [Myanmar’s armed forces] tactics are consistently and grossly disproportionate to actual security threats, especially in Rakhine State, but also in northern Myanmar,” the report said.

On Aug. 25, 2017, Myanmar launched a major military crackdown on the Muslim ethnic minority, killing almost 24,000 civilians and forcing 750,000 others including women and children to flee to Bangladesh, according to the Ontario International Development Agency (OIDA).

The Rohingya, described by the UN as the world’s most persecuted people, have faced heightened fears of attack since dozens were killed in communal violence in 2012.

The UN documented mass gang rapes, killings — including of infants and young children — brutal beatings, and disappearances committed by Myanmar state forces. In its report, UN investigators said such violations may have constituted crimes against humanity.

Source by : https://www.aa.com.tr/en/europe/un-netherlands-kuwait-support-charges-against-myanmar/1240327

Pompeo Decries ‘Abhorrent Ethnic Cleansing’ in Myanmar on Anniversary

(REUTERS) – THE UNITED States will continue to hold accountable those responsible for what he described as the “abhorrent ethnic cleansing” of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said on Saturday.

Pompeo’s statement came on the one year anniversary of the conflict in western Myanmar’s Rakhine state that drove more than 700,000 Rohingya from their homes into neighboring Bangladesh.

“A year ago, following deadly militant attacks, security forces responded by launching abhorrent ethnic cleansing of ethnic #Rohingya in Burma,” Pompeo said on Twitter, using an alternative name for Myanmar.

“The U.S. will continue to hold those responsible accountable. The military must respect human rights for #Burma’s democracy to succeed.”
The military ruled Myanmar for nearly 50 years after seizing power in a 1962 coup and retains considerable powers under a 2008 constitution.
Myanmar government spokesmen Zaw Htay was unavailable for comment on Sunday.
The government, led by Nobel Peace laureate Aung San Suu Kyi, has denied refugees’ allegations of atrocities, saying security forces lawfully suppressed Muslim militants in Rakhine.
Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh held demonstrations and prayers on Saturday to mark the anniversary of the outbreak of the conflict.
Thousands of refugees marched prayed and chanted slogans in events across the sprawling camps in southern Bangladesh. Many wore black ribbons to commemorate what they said was the start of the “Rohingya genocide”.
Across the border in Myanmar, the government said security patrols had been increased in the conflict area ahead of the anniversary for fear of further violence. Members of the mostly Buddhist Rakhine ethnic group and Hindus from Rakhine state said they would hold events to remember those killed by Rohingya militants in attacks that triggered the crisis.
Earlier this month, the United States imposed sanctions on four Myanmar military and police commanders and two army units, accusing them of “ethnic cleansing” against Rohingya Muslims and widespread human rights abuses across the Southeast Asian nation.
International pressure on Myanmar has been growing as U.N.-mandated investigators are set to publish a report on the crisis on Monday and the United Nations Security Council will hold a briefing on Myanmar on Tuesday.
(Reporting by Rich McKay in ATLANTA; Editing by Lincoln Feast)

Accounts of rape, burning children and murder: How a Rohingya massacre unfolded at Tula Toli

(CNN)Discarded and left for dead, Mumtaz says she found herself on top of a mound of charred, entangled bodies.

“They killed and killed and piled the bodies up high. It was like cut bamboo,” says Mumtaz, a Rohingya woman from the village of Tula Toli in western Myanmar.
“In the pile there was someone’s neck, someone’s head, someone’s leg. I was able to come out, I don’t know how.”
The horrors Mumtaz says she endured didn’t stop there. After escaping the mass grave, Mumtaz says she was dragged to a village house and raped by soldiers. The wooden house was then locked and set on fire.
It was her seven-year-old daughter Razia, who was in the hut, that ultimately saved her.
“I called to my mum. And my mum said, ‘who are you?,'” Razia says. “My mother’s head was split. She was thrown aside. They struck me and threw me aside.”
“I said ‘your finger is on fire.’ Then my mum and I got out and left.”
The pair squeezed through a damaged part of a fence and hid in a vegetable patch, before other villagers found them and helped them get to Bangladesh, where a staggering 615,000 Rohingya refugees have fled since August 25, according to aid agencies.
Rohingya refugee Mumtaz and her seven-year-old daughter Razia photographed last week.
The refugees have escaped violent clashes in the north of Rakhine State, where Myanmar’s military has intensified what it calls “clearance operations” targeting “terrorists” after Rohingya militants attacked police posts, killing 12 security officials.
The UN calls what’s happening in Rakhine a “textbook example of ethnic cleansing” and the killings that took place in Mumtaz’s village on August 30 have been described as one of the worst atrocities of the past two and a half months.

Documenting a massacre

Shafiur Rahman, a Bangladeshi-British documentary maker, first heard about what occurred at Tula Toli after he filmed a group of Rohingya crossing the border between Myanmar and Bangladesh on September 2, three days after the killings.
The dramatic footage shows dozens of men and women clambering across barbed wire fences into no man’s land, some of them covered in blood and carrying dead or injured relatives. Their distress is palpable.
“It quickly became clear to me that those telling me the most horrific accounts of their last few days were those coming from Tula Toli,” Rahman tells CNN. “And what also struck me was the consistency in their stories.”
Mumtaz, photographed here on September 27, 2017, fled from Myanmar with her daughter.
He met Mumtaz and Razia in Bangladesh in late September. Almost mummified in bandages, Mumtaz had spent 15 days bed- bound in a clinic, unable to speak or even sip a glass of water. By mid-October, the horrific burns all over her face and body started to slowly heal, and Mumtaz began to share her story with Rahman in a series of interviews.
Accounts of mass rape, murder and arson have been given by many of the hundreds of thousands of Rohingya refugees who have escaped Myanmar.
But the testimonies Rahman has collected from a total of 30 Tula Toli residents over the past two months, and detailed in this report depict what Amnesty International describes in an October report as “what appears to be one of the worst atrocities of the Army’s ethnic cleansing campaign.”
“Amnesty International believes, based on consistent, corroborating witness accounts, that soldiers massacred at least scores of Rohingya women, men, and children from Min Gyi on 30 August,” the Amnesty report concludes. Min Gyi is another name for Tula Toli.
Amnesty also released satellite images showing the village before and after the houses were burnt.

‘They won’t kill anyone’

One of Myanmar’s poorest regions, Rakhine State is home to the mostly Muslim Rohingya and the Rakhines, a predominantly Buddhist ethnic group.
The two have lived side by side in Tula Toli for generations although long-simmering tensions have often erupted into violence in the region. The estimated 1.1 million Rohingya have been denied citizenship in Myanmar, which regards them as Bengali. Bangladesh insists they are from Myanmar, rendering them effectively stateless.
In detailed video interviews and conversations, most of the 30 survivors told Rahman that they were given assurances by local officials that they would be safe if they remained in their village.
Rehana, photographed here on September 4, 2017, was able to flee from Tula Toli with her children
Mohammed Nasir said he was told: “They might torch the houses, but they won’t kill anyone.”
Residents describe helicopters landing near the village at 8 a.m. on the morning of August 30. The soldiers were joined by around 50 Rakhine Buddhists and other non-Rohingya minorities from outside the village, survivors said.
“They asked us to gather on the beach,” Nasir says, describing the sandy bank of the meandering river that runs through Tula Toli. He saw the killings unfold from a hill.
“When they saw people gathering, they went straight for them. They were shooting continuously, at the same time the houses were burning.
Cellphone footage shows Tula Toli residents heading to the river in their village on August 30, where witnesses say many were shot later that day.
Another resident, Rehana Begum, said she was also told to leave her home and stay near the river.
“They kept us there by saying that they would do us no harm,” Begum says. “At 8 a.m., a helicopter landed and the village was besieged. Whoever was able to flee, they fled.”
“(The military) surrounded us suddenly and we could not escape because of the river. The tide was high. There were no boats. Since my brothers could carry my children, I was able to swim and flee,” she says.
“Many were shot, scores got hit and they fell on their face,” Rehana said. “Those lying on the ground were picked up, chopped and later they were thrown into the river.”
Hasina, left, and her husband Shahidul on October 8. They say soldiers burned their one-year-old daughter alive.
Hasina, a Rohingya woman from Tula Toli, says the soldiers and their accomplices threw her one-year-old daughter Sohaifa on a fire while she was still alive.
“They tore her from my arms,” Hasina says, breaking down into tears. “They threw her into a burning pile of clothes. They had started a fire using people’s belongings. And they threw her into the big burning pile.”
Her husband had been working outside the village when the killings took place and later reunited with his wife in Bangladesh, where he found out about the death of their only child.
CNN cannot verify the accounts of the refugees, as access to Rakhine State is heavily restricted.

Peace deal signed

More than a week before the attack on the village, Rohingya village officials say there was a meeting on August 18, in which both Rakhine Buddhists and Rohingya Muslims from Tula Toli signed a peace agreement.
While the village, which is home to 4,360 Rohingya and 435 Rakhines, hadn’t seen any clashes in recent years, Rakhine officials said they wanted to allay Rohingya fears given tensions between the two groups elsewhere in the state and a recent military build up, the survivors told Rahman.
“A resolution was passed to not attack each other and live peacefully. It was signed by both sides, Rakhine and us,” said Nur Kabir, the current secretary of Tula Toli’s village administration, who is now in Bangladesh.
A group of Rohingya refugees from Tula Toli being brought from the border to the refugee camps in Bangladesh on September 2, 2017
“But they attacked on Wednesday starting at 8 a.m. and killed us.”
The survivors say their trust in that peace agreement signed days before, and in the village authorities, was obliterated when the military arrived early on the morning of August 30. Those who escaped estimate that between 1,500 to 1,700 people died that day.
Rahman believes, given the instructions of local officials, the peace deal and the military build-up in the area before August 25, that the attack on Tula Toli was pre-planned. He calls it a “terrifying and inescapable notion” that undermines the repeated insistence from Myanmar authorities that the military were responding to attacks from Rohinya insurgents.
Zaw Htay, the spokesperson for Myanmar’s de facto leader Aung San Suu Kyi, said that local Rakhines and the military had been targeted by insurgents in Tula Toli.
“We could verify that on 30 August 2017 in Min Gyi (Tular Tuli) village, there were a total of eight attacks against Rakhine population and security forces by hundreds of terrorists,” Zaw Htay said.
Previously, Myanmar’s government has denied charges of ethnic cleansing, saying that the military took “full measures to avoid collateral damage and the harming of innocent civilians” in Rakhine State.
In a televised speech on September 19, Suu Kyi, a Nobel peace prize laureate who took power in 2015 in a power-sharing agreement with the military, said she “condemned all human rights violations,” but failed to address alleged atrocities by the military.
She now faces increased scrutiny ahead of the visit of the US Secretary of State, Rex Tillerson, on Wednesday, who has said he is “extraordinarily concerned about the situation.”
Pope Francis, who has spoken out repeatedly in defense of the Rohingya, will also meet with Suu Kyi during a visit to Myanmar and Bangladesh later in November.
Seven-year-old Razia, who helped her mother Mumtaz to escape from Tula Toli. The rest of the family were killed in front of them. She suffered head injuries when her village was attacked.

Bleak future

Mumtaz is slowly recovering from her burns and other injuries in Bangladesh, but faces a desperate future.
Conditions in the border camps are bleak, with aid agencies struggling to provide enough food, shelter and healthcare in what the UN has described as the world’s fastest growing refugee crisis and a major humanitarian emergency.
She and Razia now have only each other. In the carnage, Mumtaz says her husband was shot by the riverside. One of her three sons was thrown into a fire. The other two were killed in the wooden hut that Razia and Mumtaz escaped from.
“My brother and the others were burnt,” Razia says. “They were killed by being smashed. They shot dead my dad.”
Razia’s head is scarred with the blows she received. But worse is the mental trauma of the memories, which are still raw.
“She saw. The little girl saw everything,” Mumtaz says. “She tried to pick up her brother as he was burning. She couldn’t.”